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Biased Estimates of Ω_m from Comparing Smoothed Predicted Velocity Fields to Unsmoothed Peculiar-Velocity Measurements

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1811/48521

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dc.creator Berlind, Andreas A.
dc.creator Narayanan, Vijay K.
dc.creator Weinberg, David H.
dc.date.accessioned 2011-04-21T15:46:11Z
dc.date.available 2011-04-21T15:46:11Z
dc.date.issued 2000-07-10
dc.identifier.citation Andreas A. Berlind, Vijay K. Narayanan, and David H. Weinberg, "Biased Estimates of Ωm from Comparing Smoothed Predicted Velocity Fields to Unsmoothed Peculiar-Velocity Measurements," The Astrophysical Journal 537, no. 2 (2000), doi:10.1086/309085 en_US
dc.identifier.issn 1538-4357
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1811/48521
dc.description.abstract We show that a regression of unsmoothed peculiar velocity measurements against peculiar velocities predicted from a smoothed galaxy density field leads to a biased estimate of the cosmological density parameter Ω_m, even when galaxies trace the underlying mass distribution, and galaxy positions and velocities are known perfectly. The bias arises because the errors in the predicted velocities are correlated with the predicted velocities themselves. We investigate this bias using cosmological N-body simulations and analytic arguments. In linear perturbation theory, for cold dark matter power spectra and Gaussian or top-hat smoothing filters, the bias in Ω_m is always positive, and its magnitude increases with increasing smoothing scale. This linear calculation reproduces the N-body results for Gaussian smoothing radii Rs gtrsim 10 h-1 Mpc, while nonlinear effects lower the bias on smaller smoothing scales, and for R_s ~ <3 h^-1 Mpc, Ω_m is underestimated rather than overestimated. The net bias in Ω_m for a given smoothing filter depends on the underlying cosmological model. The effect on current estimates of Ω_m from velocity-velocity comparisons is probably small relative to other uncertainties, but taking full advantage of the statistical precision of future peculiar-velocity data sets will require either equal smoothing of the predicted and measured velocity fields or careful accounting for the biases discussed here. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher American Astronomical Society en_US
dc.subject cosmology: theory en_US
dc.subject galaxies: distances and redshifts en_US
dc.subject methods: numerical en_US
dc.title Biased Estimates of Ω_m from Comparing Smoothed Predicted Velocity Fields to Unsmoothed Peculiar-Velocity Measurements en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.identifier.doi 10.1086/309085
dc.identifier.osuauthor weinberg.21