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Complete Parallax and Proper-Motion Solutions for Halo Binary-Lens Microlensing Events

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1811/47613

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Title: Complete Parallax and Proper-Motion Solutions for Halo Binary-Lens Microlensing Events
Creators: Gould, Andrew; Andronov, Nikolay
Keywords: dark matter
Galaxy: halo
gravitational lensing
Magellanic Clouds
Issue Date: 1999-05-01
Publisher: American Astronomical Society
Citation: Andrew Gould and Nikolay Andronov, "Complete Parallax and Proper-Motion Solutions for Halo Binary-Lens Microlensing Events," The Astrophysical Journal 516, no. 1 (1999), doi:10.1086/307114, http://iopscience.iop.org/0004-637X/516/1/236
DOI: 10.1086/307114
Abstract: A major problem in the interpretation of microlensing events is that the only measured quantity, the Einstein timescale t_E, is a degenerate combination of the three quantities one would like to know: the mass, distance, and speed of the lens. This degeneracy can be partly broken by measuring either a "parallax" or a "proper motion," and can be completely broken by measuring both. Proper motions can easily be measured for caustic-crossing binary-lens events. Here we examine the possibility (first discussed by Hardy & Walker) that one could also measure a parallax for some of these events by comparing the light curves of the caustic crossing as seen from two observatories on Earth. We derive analytic expressions for the signal-to-noise ratio of the parallax measurement in terms of the characteristics of the source and the geometry of the event. For Galactic halo binary lenses seen toward the LMC, the light curve is delayed from one continent to another by a seemingly minuscule 15 s (compared to t_E ~40 days). However, this is sufficient to cause a difference in magnification on the order of 10%. To actually extract complete parallax information (as opposed to merely detecting the effect) requires observations from three noncollinear observatories. Parallaxes cannot be measured for binary lenses in the LMC, but they can be measured for Galactic halo binary lenses seen toward M31. Robust measurements are possible for disk binary lenses seen toward the Galactic bulge, but are difficult for bulge binary lenses.
ISSN: 1538-4357
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1811/47613
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