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A 480 MHz CHIRPED-PULSE FOURIER-TRANSFORM MICROWAVE SPECTROMETER: CONSTRUCTION AND MEASUREMENT OF THE ROTATIONAL SPECTRA OF DIVINYL SILANE AND 3,3-DIFLUOROPENTANE

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1811/46236

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Title: A 480 MHz CHIRPED-PULSE FOURIER-TRANSFORM MICROWAVE SPECTROMETER: CONSTRUCTION AND MEASUREMENT OF THE ROTATIONAL SPECTRA OF DIVINYL SILANE AND 3,3-DIFLUOROPENTANE
Creators: Obenchain, Daniel A.; Steber, Amanda L.; Elliott, Ashley A.; Peebles, Rebecca A.; Peebles, Sean A.; Wurrey, Charles J.; Guirgis, Gamil A.
Issue Date: 2010
Abstract: A chirped-pulse Fourier-transform microwave (CP-FTMW) spectrometer based on the original Pate design., {\bf 79}, (2008), 053103.} has been constructed to allow analysis of any 480 MHz region in the 7 -- 18 GHz range. A 1 $\mu$s chirped-pulse (0 -- 240 MHz) from an arbitrary function generator is mixed with output from a microwave synthesizer and used to polarize a supersonic gas expansion; the resulting free induction decay is collected over 20 $\mu$s and Fourier-transformed on a 500 MHz oscilloscope to produce a rotational spectrum. A variety of molecules have now been studied with this instrument and results will be presented for numerous conformers of divinyl silane (predicted $\mu_{\rm total} = 0.6 - 0.7$ D) and the more polar 3,3-difluoropentane (predicted $\mu_{\rm total} = 2.5 - 2.8$ D). \vspace{1em} Two of the three possible conformers of divinyl silane were assigned (both having a C$_1$=C$_2$--Si--C$_3$ dihedral angle of $-120^irc$ and a {\hbox{C$_2$--Si--C$_3$=C$_4$}} dihedral of either $0^irc$ ($C_1$ symmetry) or $-120^irc$ ($C_2$ symmetry)). For 3,3-difluoropentane, three of the four possible {\hbox{conformers}} were identified: anti-gauche ($C_1$), gauche-gauche ($C_2$) and anti-anti ($C_{2v}$). While rotational spectra for only the silicon isotopologues were observed for divinyl silane, measurement of the $^{13}$C spectra of 3,3-difluoropentane allowed heavy atom structure determinations for the anti-gauche and gauche-gauche conformers. Initial assignments of all spectra were made on the CP-FTMW {\hbox{spectrometer}}, and a Balle-Flygare FTMW spectrometer was used to compare frequencies of measured transitions and also to provide Stark effect data. Substitution ($r_s$) and inertial fit ($r_0$) structures will be compared with computational data and instrumental details will be presented.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1811/46236
Other Identifiers: 2010-RH-07
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