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Facial Expression and Vocal Pitch Height: Evidence of an Intermodal Association

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1811/44530

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Title: Facial Expression and Vocal Pitch Height: Evidence of an Intermodal Association
Creators: Huron, David; Dahl, Sofia; Johnson, Randolph
Keywords: pitch height
facial expression
aggression
intermodal perception
Issue Date: 2009-07
Publisher: Empirical Musicology Review
Citation: Empirical Musicology Review, v4 n3 (July 2009), 93-100
Abstract: Forty-four participants were asked to sing moderate, high, and low pitches while their faces were photographed. In a two-alternative forced choice task, independent judges selected the high-pitch faces as more friendly than the low-pitch faces. When photographs were cropped to show only the eye region, judges still rated the high-pitch faces friendlier than the low-pitch faces. These results are consistent with prior research showing that vocal pitch height is used to signal aggression (low pitch) or appeasement (high pitch). An analysis of the facial features shows a strong correlation between eyebrow position and sung pitch—consistent with the role of eyebrows in signaling aggression and appeasement. Overall, the results are consistent with an inter-modal linkage between vocal and facial expressions.
ISSN: 1559-5749
Other Identifiers: EMR000074a
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1811/44530
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