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TEMPERATURE DEPENDENCE OF THE VIBRATIONAL RELAXATION OF OH($\textit{$\upsilon$ }$ = 1, 2) BY O, O${_2}$, AND CO${_2}$

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dc.creator Romanescu, C. en_US
dc.creator Timmers, H. en_US
dc.creator Kalogerakis, K. S. en_US
dc.creator Smith, G. P. en_US
dc.creator Copeland, R. A. en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2009-07-29T12:40:37Z
dc.date.available 2009-07-29T12:40:37Z
dc.date.issued 2009 en_US
dc.identifier 2009-TI-06 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1811/38038
dc.description G.~Piccioni~\textit{et~al. A.~G.~Garcia-Mu\~{n en_US
dc.description Author Institution: SRI International, Molecular Physics Laboratory, 333 Ravenswood Ave., Menlo Park, CA 94025 en_US
dc.description.abstract The hydroxyl radical is a key reactant in the energy budget of the atmospheres of terrestrial planets. In the Earth$'$s upper atmosphere, OH($\textit{$\upsilon $}$ $\leq$ 9) is formed by the H + O${_3}$ reaction. Recently, OH($\textit{$\upsilon $}$ = 1 and 2) emission has been observed in the atmosphere of Venus.,~Astronomy~\&~Astrophysics, \textbf{483}, L29 (2008)} The magnitude of this emission is controlled by the competition between radiative decay and vibrational relaxation by the most abundant collider, CO${_2}$. The data needed to model the emission rates of vibrationally excited OH radical include the vibrational quenching rates at temperatures relevant to the planetary atmospheres and the branching ratio between single- and multi- quantum relaxation steps. The latter parameter plays a crucial role in establishing the emission rates, as demonstrated by recent model calculations. oz~\textit{et~al.},~Icarus, \textbf{176},75 (2005);~X.~Zhu~~and~J.~H.~Yee,~Icarus, \textbf{189}, 136 (2007)} Given the importance of rate constants and branching ratios for understanding the behavior of atmospheric OH on both Earth and Venus, we applied a two-laser approach to measure the rate constants for the vibrational relaxation of OH($\textit{$\upsilon $ }$ = 1, 2) by O-atoms, O${_2}$, and CO${_2}$. In these experiments, ozone is almost completely photolyzed at 248 nm and most of the resulting O($^{1}D$) atoms quenched to O($^{3}P$) by collisions with N${_2}$ and CO${_2}$. A small fraction of O($^{1}D$) reacts with H${_2}$O, forming OH($\textit{$\upsilon $ }$$\leq$ 2). The temporal evolutions of OH($\textit{$\upsilon $ }$ = 1, 2) are measured using laser induced fluorescence and kinetic simulations are used to extract the rate constants and the relaxation branching ratios. Experiments were performed at temperatures between 210 and 300 K. We find that the collisional removal rate constants for OH($\textit{$\upsilon $ }$ = 2) increase as the temperature decreases. The CO${_2}$ branching ratio indicates that most of OH($\textit{$\upsilon $ }$ = 2) relaxes to OH($\textit{$\upsilon $ }$ = 1) following collisions with CO${_2}$, i.e., the cascading removal pathway is predominant. \vspace{1em} This work was supported by NASA Geospace Science and Planetary Atmospheres Programs. The participation of H. Timmers was supported by an NSF Research Experiences for Undergraduates (REU) Program. en_US
dc.language.iso English en_US
dc.title TEMPERATURE DEPENDENCE OF THE VIBRATIONAL RELAXATION OF OH($\textit{$\upsilon$ }$ = 1, 2) BY O, O${_2}$, AND CO${_2}$ en_US
dc.type Article en_US