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Obesity-related Cancers and their Relationship to Physical Activity and Dietary Intakes

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Title: Obesity-related Cancers and their Relationship to Physical Activity and Dietary Intakes
Creators: Niswander, Julianne
Advisor: Taylor, Christopher
Issue Date: 2009-06
Abstract: Background: Current evidence has shown a link between increasing rates of cancer and obesity. Certain lifestyle habits, including physical activity and dietary intakes, may be potential risk factors for developing certain types of cancers. Methods: Data were collected from the 1999-2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). NHANES is a survey research program conducted by the National Center for Health Statistics which incorporates interviews and physical examinations to collect data from this nationally representative population. In this study, adults >45 years were analyzed to assess the differences in lifestyle behaviors among those with a history of an obesity-related cancer (OBRC, n=821), a non-obesity-related cancer (NOBRC, n=637), or no cancer history (NC, n=8860). Physical activity was tabulated for the frequency (activities per week) and duration (minutes per week) of moderate, vigorous and total physical activity. Dietary intake data were collected using a 24-hr recall method; total nutrients and MyPyramid estimates were compared to recommended intake levels. Results: There were significantly lower intakes of carbohydrates, niacin, vitamin B6, vitamin E, phosphorus, copper and selenium in the OBRC versus the other two groups (P<0.05). Those with an OBRC were significantly less likely to meet the recommended intakes of calcium and vitamin B12 (P<0.05). No significant differences existed in the frequency and duration of physical activity across the three cancer groups. Conclusions: Several dietary habits should be addressed through cancer prevention programs to minimize the development of obesity-related cancers.
Embargo: No embargo
Series/Report no.: The Ohio State University. School of Allied Medical Professions Honors Theses; 2009
Keywords: Obesity-related
Physical Activity
Dietary Intakes
Cancer
Sponsors: The Ohio State University Honors and Research Scholarship
The Ohio State University Undergraduate Student Government Academic Enrichment Grant
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1811/37042
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