Fish Cohort Dynamics: Application of Complementary Modeling Approaches

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Title: Fish Cohort Dynamics: Application of Complementary Modeling Approaches
Creators: DeAngelis, Donald L.; Rose, Kenneth A.; Crowder, Larry B.; Marschall, Elizabeth A.; Lika, D.
Keywords: i-state distribution models
i-state configuration models
fish cohort dynamics
Issue Date: 1993
Citation: DeAngelis, D. L.; Rose, K. A.; Crowder, L. B.; Marschall, E. A.; Lika, D. "Fish Cohort Dynamics: Application of Complementary Modeling Approaches," The American Naturalist, v. 142, no. 4, 1993, pp. 604-622.
Abstract: The recruitment to the adult stock of a fish population is a function of both environmental conditions and the dynamics of juvenile fish cohorts. These dynamics can be quite complicated and involve the size structure of the cohort. Two types of models, i-state distribution models (e.g., partial differential equations) and i-state configuration models (computer simulation models following many individuals simultaneously), have been developed to study this type of question. However, these two model types have not to our knowledge previously been compared in detail. Analytical solutions are obtained for three partial differential equation models of early life-history fish cohorts. Equivalent individual-by-individual computer simulation models are also used. These two approaches can produce similar results, which suggests that one may be able to use the approaches interchangeably under many circumstances. Simple uncorrected stochasticity in daily growth is added to the individual-by-individual models, and it is shown that this produces no significant difference from purely deterministic situations. However, when the stochasticity was temporally correlated such that a fish growing faster than the mean 1 d has a tendency to grow faster than the mean the next day, there can be great differences in the outcomes of the simulations.
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