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CONFORMATION AND DIASTEREOMERIC SPECIFIC SPECTROSCOPIC INVESTIGATION OF $\alpha$/$\beta$-PEPTIDES Ac-Phe-$\beta$$^{3}$-hAla-NHMe AND Ac-$\beta$$^{3}$-hAla-Phe-NHMe

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Title: CONFORMATION AND DIASTEREOMERIC SPECIFIC SPECTROSCOPIC INVESTIGATION OF $\alpha$/$\beta$-PEPTIDES Ac-Phe-$\beta$$^{3}$-hAla-NHMe AND Ac-$\beta$$^{3}$-hAla-Phe-NHMe
Creators: Iii, William H. James; Baquero, Esteban E.; Zwier, Timothy S.; Choi, Soo Hyuk; Gellman, Samuel H.
Issue Date: 2008
Abstract: $\beta$-peptides differ from naturally occurring $\alpha$-peptides in having an extra carbon linking amide groups in the polypeptide chain. While the conformational preferences and spectroscopic signatures of $\alpha$-peptides have received much attention, far less is known about $\beta$-peptides. In collaboration with the Gellman group at UW-Madison, we have undertaken a detailed study of small $\alpha$/$\beta$-peptides containing an aromatic chromophore that enables their study via UV double resonance spectroscopy. This talk will describe our progress on the single-conformation spectroscopy of $\alpha$/$\beta$-peptides, focusing particular attention on Ac-Phe-$\beta$$^{3}$-hAla-NHMe {\bf(1)} and the (L)- and (D)-Phe diastereomers of Ac-$\beta$$^{3}$-hAla-Phe-NHMe ({\bf2L} and {\bf2D}). The molecules are brought into the gas phase by thermal heating (240 $^{irc}$C) and cooled in a supersonic expansion. One color, resonant two-photon ionization spectroscopy and UV-UV holeburning are used to determine the number of conformations present and obtain their ultraviolet spectral signatures. Ultraviolet transitions due to six conformations each of {\bf(1)},{\bf (2L)}, and {\bf(2D)}, respectively, have been observed. Resonant ion-dip infrared spectroscopy in the amide NH stretch region has been carried out. The amide NH stretch region is particularly diagnostic of the number and type of intramolecular H-bonds present. These are denoted by the number of atoms involved in the H-bonded ring so formed (e.g., C6 = a 6-atom H-bonded ring). Spectroscopic evidence will be presented for the presence of a variety of H-bonded architectures, including C5/C8, C5/C6, and C7/C8 double ring motifs. The comparison of these experimental results with those on small $\beta$-peptides and small ACPC ((S,S)-trans-2-aminocyclopentanecarboxylic acid) containing $\alpha$/$\beta$-peptides will be made. As an additional point of comparison, DFT and MP2 calculations provide a basis of assignment to specific H-bonded families and point out the challenges to current theory to quantitatively describe the variety of amide-amide H-bonds that can be formed.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1811/33425
Other Identifiers: 2008-MG-09
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