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INTRACAVITY LASER SPECTROSCOPY OF EXCITED ATOMS AND MOLECULES

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1811/29582

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Title: INTRACAVITY LASER SPECTROSCOPY OF EXCITED ATOMS AND MOLECULES
Creators: Sinitsa, L.; Serdyukov, V.; Poplavskii, Yu.; Tobolkin, A.
Issue Date: 1995
Abstract: Intracavity laser (ICL) spectroscopy is a perspective method for investigation of atoms and molecules with different external excltation condition because of its high sensitivity to absorption, amplification, and small size of the investigated volume. ICL-spectrometers based on Nd-glass and dye broad-bands lasers have been designed with pulse duration 2000 and 100 microsecond, respectively. Those allow one to record absorption or amplification coefficients as small as $5 \times 10^{-9}$ and $10^{-7} cm^{-1}$ corresponding to 500,000 and 10000 path lengths used in traditional spectroscopy. Different techniques were used in our experiments for exciting molecules and atoms; these included heating up to 1200 K, atomization with a laser, hollow cathode atomization, and excitation with a discharge plasma. Large number of absorption and emission lines were recorded in atomic and electronic molecular spectra. The complicated character of ICL-spectra is connected to the fact that the broad-band laser provides the realization of conditions for laser generation in a wide region: $^{\ast}\hbox{COEFFICIENT OF AMPLIFICATION = COEFFICIENT OF RESONATOR LOSSES}^{\ast}$ As a result, any absorption (emission) line with Kabs (Kamp) more than $10^{-7} cm^{-1}$ inside the resonator cavity leads to the deep dips (sharp peaks) in the spectrum of the laser generation. Results obtained In this investigation were used to measure low concentrations of atoms. For example, the detection limit for the U-atom is $107 atoms/cm^{-3}.$
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1811/29582
Other Identifiers: 1995-RB-03
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