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Surveillance for Toxoplasma gondii in the white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) in Ohio

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1811/23816

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Title: Surveillance for Toxoplasma gondii in the white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) in Ohio
Creators: Crist, S. C.; Stewart, R. L., Jr.; Rinehart, J. P.; Needham, G. R.
Issue Date: 1999-06
Citation: The Ohio Journal of Science. v99, n3 (June, 1999), 34-37
Abstract: Serum samples from 147 white-tailed deer, Odocoileus virginianus, were collected at deer-check stations and Columbus area metropolitan park deer hunts during November and December of Ohio's 1996-97 and 97-98 hunting seasons. These samples were tested for Toxoplasma gondii antibodies using a modified direct agglutination assay. Forty-four percent (65/147) of the samples tested positive. Sixteen percent had a titer of 25, 16% had a titer of 50, 3% had a titer of 250 and 9% had a titer of >500. Percentage of positive deer varied greatly between geographical locations. Fifty-five percent of 45 serum samples collected from Hocking County were positive while only 6% of the 18 deer sampled from Franklin County tested positive. No significant differences in infection rates were observed between sexes. This is the first report of T. gondii antibodies from a game animal in Ohio. Pregnant women should thoroughly cook venison before it is consumed to avoid complications from this pathogen.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1811/23816
ISSN: 0030-0950
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