Manufacturing Formation Rates Among Ohio Counties: 1979-1988

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Title: Manufacturing Formation Rates Among Ohio Counties: 1979-1988
Creators: Smith, Bruce W.; Hiltner, John
Issue Date: 1990-12
Citation: The Ohio Journal of Science. v90, n5 (December, 1990), 156-159
Abstract: The loss of manufacturing jobs in many areas of the nation has stimulated interest in the geographic patterns of manufacturing employment change. Changes in those patterns have been attributed to expansion and contraction of existing facilities, as well as to plant closings and new business formations. The identification of variables that are associated with spatial variations in the rates of opening of new manufacturing establishments is one research theme. The present study of the geographic pattern of formation rates of new manufacturing plants opening in Ohio between 1979 and 1988 revealed that suburban counties possessed the highest formation rates, followed by rural and central Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) counties, respectively. Spatial variations in the formation rates were primarily related to counties' population growth during the 1970s, plant sizes, occupational characteristics, and manufacturing employment growth between 1979 and 1988. Taxes and wages were not significantly related to formation rates
Description: Author Institution: Department of Geography, Bowling Green State University
ISSN: 0030-0950
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