Geographic Variation of Longevity in Ohio, 1930 and 1980

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Title: Geographic Variation of Longevity in Ohio, 1930 and 1980
Creators: Swanson, David A.; Stockwell, Edward G.
Issue Date: 1986-09
Citation: The Ohio Journal of Science. v86, n4 (September, 1986), 144-149
Abstract: At broad levels (i.e., urban and rural, north and south, state-by-state), variations in longevity have been recorded over time in the United States and elsewhere. However, there is little information on life expectancy variation for specific small areas such as cities and suburbs over time. This is understandable because life expectancy is usually calculated by constructing a life table which has rigorous requirements not usually met by published data for small areas. In this paper, we use a regression-based technique to estimate life expectancy in 1930 and 1980 for selected cities and their suburbs as well as rural counties in Ohio. We examine the variation and changes in life expectancy through multivariate analysis, and find that while differences have narrowed between 1930 and 1980, significant variations in longevity persist among suburban, urban, and rural areas in Ohio.
Description: Author Institution: Department of Sociology, Bowling Green State University
ISSN: 0030-0950
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