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2004-WJ-12.jpg 401.1Kb JPEG image Thumbnail of AZOLE PHOTOELECTRON SPECTROSCOPY

Creators: Gianola, Adam J.; Ichino, Takatoshi; Hoenigman, Rebecca L.; Kato, Shuji; Bierbaum, Veronica M.; Lineberger, W. Carl; Stanton, John F.
Issue Date: 2004
Publisher: Ohio State University
Abstract: Ultraviolet Negative Ion Photoelectron Spectroscopy has been used to investigate the properties of the low-lying electronic states of the pyrrolyl, imidazolyl, and pyrazolyl radicals. The anions of these radicals were obtained from a hydroxide ion deprotonation of the respective parent azole in a flowing afterglow ion source. Subsequent collisions of the anions with the 0.5 Torr Helium buffer gas cooled them to room temperature. The ground state of the pyrrolyl radical has been assigned as $^{2} A_{2}$, with an adiabatic electron affinity of $2.145 \pm 0.010$ eV. Imidazolyl radical has been assigned a ${^{2}}B_{1}$ ground state and an adiabatic electron affinity of $2.613 \pm 0.010$ eV. Pyrazolyl radical, however, has nearly degenerate $^{2}A_{2}$ and $^{2}B_{1}$ states, and vibronic mixing plays a role in the appearance of the spectrum; we have assigned the ground state as $^{2}A_{2}$, with an adiabatic electron affinity of $2.939 \pm 0.015$ eV, and a term energy for the $^{2}B_{1}$ state of $0.031 \pm 0.015$ eV. Several vibrational bands were observed in each of the radical states, yielding gas phase vibrational frequencies. Additionally, using a thermodynamic cycle involving gas phase acidities and electron affinities, we have experimentally determined N-H bond dissociation energies for each parent molecule. This work is supported by the National Science Foundation and the Air Force Office of Scientific Research.
Description: Author Institution: Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Colorado; Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, JILA, University of Colorado and National Institute of Standards and Technology; Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Institute for Theoretical Chemistry, University of Texas
Other Identifiers: 2004-WJ-12
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