# PHOSPHORUS HYPERFINE STRUCTURE IN THE ELECTRONIC SPECTRUM OF THE HPCl FREE RADICAL

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 Title: PHOSPHORUS HYPERFINE STRUCTURE IN THE ELECTRONIC SPECTRUM OF THE HPCl FREE RADICAL Creators: Tackett, Brandon S.; Clouthier, Dennis J.; Adam, A. G.; Shepard, Scott A. Issue Date: 2004 Publisher: Ohio State University Abstract: The 444 nm $2^{1}_{0}$ bands of the $\tilde{A}^{2} A^{\prime} - \tilde{X}^{2} A^{\prime \prime}$ transition of the jet-cooled $HP^{35}Cl$ and $HP^{37}Cl$ radicals have been studied at high resolution using the pulsed electric discharge technique with a precursor mixture of $PCl_{3}$ and $H_{2}$. Spectra recorded with linewidths of 360 MHz revealed resolved hyperfine structure in both isotopomers arising from the excited state Fermi contact interaction of the unpaired electron with the magnetic moment of the $^{31}P$ nucleus, with $a^{\prime}_{F} = 0.0641 (10) cm^{-1}$ and $0.0636(31) cm^{-1}$ for $HP^{35}Cl$ and $HP^{37}Cl$, respectively. No contribution from the ground state, or excited state contributions from the hydrogen or chlorine nuclei were resolved, confirming ab initio predictions that HPCl is a $p\pi$ radical in the $\tilde{X}$ state, and an $s \sigma$ radical with a substantial contribution from the phosphorus 3s atomic orbital in the $\tilde{A}$ state. The free atom comparison method has been used to estimate that the singly occupied molecular orbital in the excited state has 14% phosphorus 3s character. Description: Author Institution: Department of Chemistry, University of Kentucky; Department of Chemistry, University of New Brunswick URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1811/21229 Other Identifiers: 2004-MJ-08