HIGH PRECISION TUNABLE DIODE LASER CONTROL: APPLICATION TO THE STUDY OF DICKE NARROWING

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Title: HIGH PRECISION TUNABLE DIODE LASER CONTROL: APPLICATION TO THE STUDY OF DICKE NARROWING
Creators: Henry, A.; Hurtmans, D.; Margottin-Maclou, M.; Valentin, A.
Issue Date: 1996
Publisher: Ohio State University
Abstract: To stabilize the frequency, otherwise very unstable, of a T.D.L., its beam is sent through a Michelson interferometer controlled by a stabilized He-Ne laser. The T.D.L. is actively forced to maintain its emission at a wavelength value $\lambda_{d}$ corresponding to an interference fringe of fixed order $K_{d}$. When $D_{1}$ the path difference of the interferometer, is changing, an optical device makes the vibration plane of the polarized He-Ne beam to rotate. When the azimuth plane is kept constant, $D$ is also maintained constant, the fluctuation of $k_{d}$ is reduced by nearly two orders of magnitude (i.e: $10^{3}$ to $10^{5}$ in the wavenumber units). Conversley, changing this azimuth by steps changes the value of $D$ by increments $D$. A change of $\lambda_{d}$ is then induced in order to preserve the relation $D = k_{d}\lambda_{d}$. In addition, the usual intensity fluctuations are completeley removed by a convenient double beam set-up. Finally, the signal-to-noise ratio obtained is better than 2000, allowing the measurement of gas traces. Application: At low pressure, the line profile narrowing resulting from the confinement of CO molecules by buffer gases (He, Ne, Ar, Xe and $N_{2}$) is studied to check the usual different collision models. The $\beta^{0}$ coefficient associated to this Dicke narrowing is compared to the dynamic friction coefficient $\beta^{0}_{ei}$ deduced from the diffusion constant, as a test for the validity of these different models. When the pressure broadening becomes preponderant, the line profile must be determined carefully, taking into account the absorber speed dependent effect, in order to preserve the signification of the $\beta^{0}$ parameter-mainly when the perturber mass is greater than the active molecule one. A line asymmetry has been observed for the CO-Xe mixture, its magnitude beeing in agreement with the measured pressure shift.
Description: Author Institution: Laboratorie de Physique Mol\'{e}culaire et Applications, C.N.R.S., Universit\'{e} Pierre et Marie Curie
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1811/13487
Other Identifiers: 1996-RA-03
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