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MILD EXCIMERS: THE SPECTRA OF SUBSTITUTED TETRAZINE DIMERS

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Title: MILD EXCIMERS: THE SPECTRA OF SUBSTITUTED TETRAZINE DIMERS
Creators: Brumbaugh, Donald V.; Haynam, Christopher A.; Levy, Donald H.
Issue Date: 1981
Abstract: The laser excitation and dispersed fluorescence spectra of the dimethyl-tetrazine dimer is observed in a supersonic free jet. Van der Waals is forces produce ground state dimers (preformed excimers) stable at the very low translational temperature in the jet, enabling one to Observe bound-bound transitions in absorption and emission. Dimer transitions are identified by a strong intensity dependence on the partial pressure of DMT. The shift at the dimer origin from that of the monomer indicates that the excimer ($S_{1}$) is $548 cm^{-1}$ more tightly bound than the dimer ($S_{0}$). This shift is much less than that of the typical hydrocarbon excimer ($6000 cm^{-1}$), but much greater than the typical van der Waals shift ($1-30 cm^{-1}$). It is suggested that the charge transfer interaction responsible for the large excimer shift in the $\pi ^{*} \leftarrow \pi $ transitions of hydrocarbons is less effective for the $\pi ^{*} \leftarrow n$ transition in DMT. Mild excimer formation is also observed for monomethyl-tetrazine dimer and s-tetrazine-DMT dimer. Unsubstituted s-tetrazine forms three distinct van der Waals complexes shifted +145, -27, and $-44$ $cm^{-1}$, none of which is a mild excimer. Long progressions in the low-frequency dimer stretching vibrations appear in the mild excimer spectra.""
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1811/11507
Other Identifiers: 1981-FB-5
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