2009-10 Mershon Center Speakers and Conferences

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Now showing 1 - 20 of 60
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    Veterans Learning Community Research Symposium
    (Ohio State University. Mershon Center for International Security Studies, 2010-06-02) Hanson, Susan; Noyes, Dorothy
    The Veterans Learning Community curriculum is a sequence of two general-education courses (GEC): a reading course that looks at representations of the experience of war in art, literature, and film from diverse cultures and time periods, followed by a second-level writing course that asks students to document their learning community’s knowledge and experiences. This symposium highlights the Veterans Learning Community final projects: Daniel Dixon, "The 'Absolute Professional': A Study of Green Beret Self-Representations"; Matthew Ausderan, "The War About a War: Analysis of PBS Frontline's Feature Documentary Bush's War"; Ambrose Schulte, "'Tough Transition': A Structural Analysis of Veterans' Separation Stories"; Erica Slone, "Visualizing the Experiences of War: A Study of Storytelling Through Art"; Chad McMahon, "The Patriotic Mother Archetype: A Gold Star Mother's Memoir"; Kyle Huston, "The 'Holocaust': The Emotional Metaphors Marines Use to Describe their Experiences"; and Joshua Green: "'Tired of Feeling Lucky': Recollecting Combat Duty."
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    Powerful Patriots: Nationalist Protest in Chinese Foreign Relations
    (Ohio State University. Mershon Center for International Security Studies, 2010-05-27) Chen Weiss, Jessica
    Jessica Chen Weiss is assistant professor of political science and research fellow at the MacMillan Center for International and Area Studies at Yale University. Her research interests include Chinese politics and international relations, nationalism, and social protest. She teaches courses on anti-Americanism in world politics, Chinese foreign policy, and state-society relations in post-Mao China. In her presentation, Weiss will provide an analysis of why the Chinese government sometimes allows and sometimes suppresses nationalist anti-foreign demonstrations and explore the consequences of this choice for China’s international relations. Her research presents a mechanism by which authoritarian regimes can utilize domestic public opinion to gain international leverage. Like audience costs in democratic societies, anti-foreign street protests enable authoritarian leaders to signal resolve and tie hands. Because nationalist protests may spin out of control and are increasingly costly to curtail, the decision to allow protests demonstrates a willingness to "leave something to chance" and makes diplomatic concessions difficult. Weiss will illustrate this logic with a case study of the 2005 anti-Japanese protests in China and the negotiations over U.N. Security Council reform. Her collected evidence suggests that the Chinese government gave tacit consent to anti-Japanese protests in order to undermine Japan's bid for a permanent seat on the U.N. Security Council and obviate a Chinese veto. The protests were instrumental in shifting the negotiations in China's favor and eliciting symbolic concessions from Japan and the United States. Weiss has received awards from the National Science Foundation, Bradley Foundation, Fulbright-Hays program, and the University of California Institute on Global Conflict and Cooperation. Before joining the Yale faculty, she founded FACES, the Forum for American/Chinese Exchange at Stanford as an undergraduate. She earned her Ph.D. in political science from the University of California, San Diego and her B.A. in political science from Stanford.
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    Plato on Action and Knowledge
    (Ohio State University. Mershon Center for International Security Studies, 2010-05-26) Bobonich, Chris
    Chris Bobonich is professor of philosophy and classics at Stanford University. His research primarily focuses on Plato and has been supported by a number of awards and fellowships. Bobonich is the author of Plato's Utopia Recast: His Later Ethics and Politics (Oxford University Press, 2002). He is the editor with Pierre Destrée of Akrasia in Greek Philosophy: from Socrates to Plotinus (Brill, 2007) and A Guidebook to Plato's Laws (Cambridge University Press, in press). Bobonich is currently working on an entry on “Plato” for the International Encyclopedia of Ethics (Blackwell Publishing). His chapters on "Images of Irrationality" in A Guidebook to Plato's Laws and "Socrates and Eudaimonia" in The Cambridge Companion to Socrates are both forthcoming from Cambridge University Press. Bobonich received a Ph.D. in Philosophy from the University of California at Berkeley and an M.Phil. in Philosophy from Cambridge University. He holds a B.A. in Government from Harvard.
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    The War on Drugs in Mexico: Chronicle of a Failure Foretold
    (Ohio State University. Mershon Center for International Security Studies, 2010-05-25) Gonzalez, Francisco
    Francisco E. González is Riordan Roett Associate Professor of Latin American Studies at The Johns Hopkins University Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS). His current research focuses on energy issues in the Americas and the political impacts of the worst financial and economic crises of the twentieth century in the Southern Cone countries. His early research focused on contemporary dual transitions (economic and political: from relatively closed to open economies and from authoritarian to democratic regimes) in Latin America, as well as on the growing influence of the Hispanic/Latino community in the politics of the United States. González is the author of Dual Transitions from Authoritarian Rule: Institutionalized Regimes in Chile and Mexico, 1970–2000 (Johns Hopkins University Press, 2008). He is currently working on the book Economic Shocks and Democracy from the Great Depression to the Great Recession: Evidence and Lessons from Latin America. González is the author of more than twenty academic articles in peer-reviewed journals, policy magazines, and edited books. His commentary is regularly featured on CNN en Español, Voice of America, Al Jazeera International, and the Hispanic Information and Telecommunications Network (HITN). González began teaching at SAIS in 2002 as Professorial Lecturer in Latin American Political Economy at the school’s Bologna Center. At that time he also served as a junior faculty member in the Department of Politics and International Relations at Oxford University. In 2005, he relocated to Washington, D.C. to occupy the Riordan Roett Chair in Latin American Studies at SAIS’s main campus. After completing his first year as the Riordan Roett Professor, he received the SAIS Excellence in Teaching award. González has also held the positions of junior research fellow at Oxford’s Nuffield College as a British Academy Post-doctoral Fellow (2002–2005) and Stipendiary Lecturer in Politics at St. John’s College at Oxford University (2000–2002). González earned his MPhil and DPhil in Politics from the University of Oxford. He earned his B.A. in Politics and Public Administration from El Colegio de México.
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    The Salafis, the Wahhabis and the Nature and Doctrines of Global Islamic Movements
    (Ohio State University. Mershon Center for International Security Studies, 2010-05-20) Haykel, Bernard
    Bernard Haykel is professor of Near Eastern Studies at Princeton University. He also directs The Institute for the Transregional Study of the Contemporary Middle East, North Africa and Central Asia and leads a project on Oil and Energy in the Middle East. Haykel’s primary research interests center on Islamic political movements and legal thought as well as the politics and history of Saudi Arabia and Yemen. He has published extensively on the Salafi movement in both its premodern and modern manifestations, explored in his book Revival and Reform in Islam (Cambridge University Press, 2003). He is presently completing a second book on the Global Salafi movement and, once completed, hopes to turn his attention to a monograph on the modern history of Saudi Arabia. Haykel is considered one of America’s leading experts on the Arabian Peninsula and his commentary appears frequently in print and broadcast media, including CNN, ABC, National Public Radio, Guardian, and The National. In 2005, the Carnegie Corporation of New York selected him as a Carnegie Scholar. Prior to joining the Princeton faculty he was associate professor of Islamic and Middle Eastern history at New York University. Haykel received his Ph.D. in Islamic Studies from the University of Oxford.
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    Ethos of Independence Across Regions in the United States: The Production-Adoption Model of Cultural Change
    (Ohio State University. Mershon Center for International Security Studies, 2010-05-24) Kitayama, Shinobu
    Shinobu Kitayama is professor of psychology and director of the Culture and Cognition Program at the University of Michigan. His current research focuses on cultural variations in various psychological processes such as self, cognition, emotion, and motivation as well as cultural neuroscience. He teaches courses on social psychology, cultural psychology, emotion and culture, and globalization. Kitayama is the author of the Handbook of Cultural Psychology, with Dov Cohen, (Guilford Press, 2007), The Heart’s Eye: Emotional Influences in Perception and Attention (Academic Press, 1994), and Culture and Emotion: The study of Mutual Influences, with Hazel Markus, (APA Press, 1994). His collaborative work with Hazel Markus on culture and self has had seminal influences in not only psychology but also related disciplines. In addition to serving as co-editor of numerous books, he has also published extensively in leading psychology journals, and he currently serves as Editor-in-Chief of Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, a leading journal in personality and social psychology. Kitayama has received numerous awards and honors including fellowships from the Center for Advanced Study on Behavioral Sciences, Fulbright, and the American Psychological Society. He is also the recipient of a 2010 John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation Fellowship. Kitayama received his Ph.D. from the University of Michigan and his M.A. and B.A. from Kyoto University.
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    Arbitrating Identity: Courts and the Politics of Religious-Liberal Reconciliation in the Middle East
    (Ohio State University. Mershon Center for International Security Studies, 2010-05-18) Bellin, Eva
    Eva Bellin is associate professor of political science at City University of New York, Hunter College. She is a comparativist with specialization in the Middle East and North Africa. Her research interests center on issues of democratization and authoritarian persistence, political and economic reform, civil society, religion and politics, and the politics of cultural change. Bellin is the author of Stalled Democracy: Capital, Labor, and the Paradox of State Sponsored Development (Cornell University Press, 2002). She is currently working on a second book, Arbitrating Identity: High Courts and the Politics of Cultural Reconciliation in Egypt, Israel, and Pakistan, of which her presentation at the Mershon Center is based. In addition to publishing numerous edited books, Bellin has published in a variety of venues including World Politics, Comparative Politics, Political Science Quarterly, Comparative Political Studies, World Development, Foreign Affairs, Middle East Policy. She has served on the editorial board of the journal Comparative Politics since 2005. Bellin has been named a Carnegie Scholar (2006-2008) by the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, supporting her research on high courts in the Middle East and Islamic World. She was also named a Fellow (2006-2007) at the Princeton Institute for Regional and International Studies, Democracy and Development Program. Bellin has conducted field work in Tunisia, Egypt, Israel, and Pakistan. She holds a Ph.D. from Princeton University and a B.A. from Harvard University.
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    Making Sense in Afghanistan: Interaction and Uncertainty in International Interventions
    (Ohio State University. Mershon Center for International Security Studies, 2010-04-09) Mills, Margaret; Noyes, Dorothy
    The counterinsurgency doctrine set forth in U.S. Army-Marine Field Manual 3-24 has prompted continual debate since its 2006 publication. The manual prescribes a focus on the civilian population rather than combatants, with stabilization and nation-building deemed central to the defeat of insurgencies. The manual has received extensive media coverage in the United States, influenced parallel efforts among allied militaries, and been elaborated and extended in the broader reshaping of U.S. military operations. Leaders both political and military disagree on the viability of the approach, whether it serves the national interest, and whether it strengthens or weakens the military as an institution. Scholars, while often sympathetic to the manual's goals, have been wary of the "conscription" of academic knowledge in the Human Terrain System, raising ethical, political, and intellectual concerns that most deem insurmountable. Particularly visible in the debate has been Field Manual 3-24's invocation of culture as a component of conflict and a necessary competency for intervention forces. The starting point of this conference is not FM 3-24's proposed solution, but its unusually forthright statement of the problem. In asymmetrical warfare with nonstate actors, the tools of the modern state are inadequate or counterproductive. Conflict takes place with imperfectly known actors on their own imperfectly known terrain. Their reliance on hybrid, localized tactics, unpredictable by standard models, leaves the dominant actor paradoxically vulnerable. The unfolding of the Iraq and especially the Afghan conflicts has opened the question of whether the intervening powers can reasonably expect to gain military, political, or even intellectual control of the situation. And their dependence on others – local authorities, civilians, and even insurgents -- in attempts to achieve any of these goals has become overwhelmingly clear. A workshop held at Cambridge University in July 2009 examined the attempts of militaries in the United States and United Kingdom to draw upon academic expertise in implementing the counterinsurgency strategy. Mars Turns to Minerva: The Military, Social Science, and War in the 21st Century, organized by Tarak Barkawi and Josef Ansorge, identified a rush to establish both epistemological and on-the-ground control through the revival of colonial policing methods enhanced with sophisticated technologies and typically less sophisticated adaptations of social-scientific frameworks. In this paired conference, we turn to the uses of uncertainty and informality, looking at interactions in the field through the eyes of NATO combatants, Provincial Reconstruction Teams, contractors, and diplomats; NGO workers; and, not least, Afghans themselves. We explore how all of these actors strive to make sense of one another and of an evolving situation. We consider how their modes of improvisation and their ambivalence over appropriate strategy redound upon the conflict itself, organizational and personal choices, and the larger context in which international relations take shape. We ask what can be learned from vernacular perspectives and methods that are not amenable to codification.
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    Running to Lose: The Muslim Brotherhood and Parliamentary Elections
    (Ohio State University. Mershon Center for International Security Studies, 2010-05-06) Brown, Nathan
    Nathan Brown is professor of political science and international affairs and director of the Institute for Middle East Studies at George Washington University. His area of expertise includes comparative politics of the Middle East, democratization and constitutionalism, rule of law in the Arab world, and Islam and politics. Brown is author of Peasant Politics in Modern Egypt (Yale University Press, 1990), The Rule of Law in the Arab World (Cambridge University Press, 1997), Constitutions in a Nonconstitutional World: Arab Basic Laws and the Prospects for Accountable Government (SUNY Press, 2002), in addition to several articles and edited collections on Arab politics and society, constitutionalism, and democracy. His most recent book, Palestinian Politics After the Oslo Accords: Resuming Arab Palestine, was published by the University of California Press in 2003. He is currently completing a book on Islamist political movements in the Arab world. Brown serves as a nonresident senior associate at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace; he was named a Carnegie Scholar for 2009-2011. Brown received his M.A. and Ph.D. in politics and near Eastern Studies from Princeton University. He received his B.A. with honors from the University of Chicago.
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    Hybrid Warfare: The Struggle of Military Forces to Adapt to Complex Opponents
    (Ohio State University. Mershon Center for International Security Studies, 2010-05-14) Mansoor, Peter
    Hybrid warfare, a combination of conventional and irregular forces fighting against a common foe, has been an integral part of the historical landscape since the ancient world, but these conflicts have only recently been categorized as a unique type of conflict. Informed defense analysts believe that hybrid wars are the most likely conflicts in the 21st century. An historical examination of hybrid wars will help to illuminate the various aspects of these conflicts, how great powers have dealt with them, and potential prospects for the future of these types of wars. The United States is currently engaged in extended counterinsurgency conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan and has significant military and other national assets assisting other states and regions against insurgencies. Rather than historical anomalies, Iraq and Afghanistan are harbingers of the wars to come in the next several decades. Nation state competitors are unlikely to challenge the United States in the realm of high-technology, conventional warfare. Rather, they will likely use a combination of conventional and insurgent/guerrilla forces – hybrid forces – to wear down American military capabilities in extended campaigns of exhaustion. The United States and its allies must study and understand the strategic, operational, tactical, and doctrinal parameters of hybrid conflicts and prepare to apply lessons from them. This project, which will illuminate historical examples of hybrid warfare from Ancient Greece to the modern world, is a step along that journey of understanding.
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    Deliberative Democracy and Public Consultation
    (Ohio State University. Mershon Center for International Security Studies, 2010-04-14) Fishkin, James
    James Fishkin holds the Janet M. Peck Chair in International Communication at Stanford University. He is also professor of political science and communication, director of Stanford's Center for Deliberative Democracy, and chair of the Department of Communication. Fishkin is author of a number of books including Democracy and Deliberation: New Directions for Democratic Reform (Yale University Press, 1991), The Dialogue of Justice (Yale University Press, 1992 ), and The Voice of the People: Public Opinion and Democracy (Yale University Press, 1995). He is co-author with Bruce Ackerman of Deliberation Day (Yale University Press, 2004), and his most recent book When the People Speak: Deliberative Democracy and Public Consultation was published by Oxford University Press in 2009. Fishkin is best known for developing Deliberative Polling® -- a practice of public consultation that employs random samples of the citizenry to explore how opinions would change if they were more informed. Fishkin and his collaborators have conducted Deliberative Polls in the United States, Britain, Australia, Denmark, Bulgaria, China, Greece and other countries. Fishkin has been a Visiting Fellow Commoner at Trinity College, Cambridge as well as a Fellow of the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences at Stanford. He has held a fellowship at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars at the Smithsonian Institution in Washington D.C. and has also been awarded a Guggenheim Fellowship. Fishkin received his B.A. from Yale University in 1970. He holds a Ph.D. in Political Science from Yale and a Ph.D. in Philosophy from University of Cambridge.
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    Liberation: The Human Cost of Allied Victory in World War II Europe
    (Ohio State University. Mershon Center for International Security Studies, 2010-05-11) Hitchcock, William
    William Hitchcok is professor and Chair of the Department of History at Temple University. He is also director of the International History Workshop. His research focuses primarily on the international history of Europe since 1939. He has written on French diplomacy of the post-WWII era and published a survey of Europe’s history from the end of the Second World War to the present. Hitchcock’s most recent book, The Bitter Road to Freedom: A New History of the Liberation of Europe (Free Press, 2009), explores the civilian experience of liberation in Europe at the close of World War II. It was a Finalist for the Pulitzer Prize, and won the 2009 George Louis Beer Prize from the American Historical Association. He is presently working on a collection of essays, with Petra Goedde, on the international history of human rights. Before coming to Temple, Hitchcock was an assistant professor of history and associate director of international security studies at Yale University and a visiting assistant professor of history at Wellesley College. At Yale he won the 1999 Sarai Ribicoff Teaching Award for faculty in the humanities. Hitchcock has held numerous fellowships including Resident Fellow in International Security Studies at Yale University, Visiting Scholar at the Center for European Studies at Harvard University, and Fulbright Scholar to Belgium. His research has been supported by the Smith Richardson Foundation, European Community Studies Association, Truman Presidential Library, Yale Council on Western European Studies, and the MacArthur Foundation. He received his Ph.D. from Yale University and B.A. from Kenyon College.
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    Beyond War Crimes: Denazification, National Security and American Deportation and Internment of SS Agents after World War II
    (Ohio State University. Mershon Center for International Security Studies, 2010-05-17) Messenger, David
    David Messenger is assistant professor of history and graduate director for international studies at the University of Wyoming. He is currently a visiting scholar at the Mershon Center for International Security Studies. During his time at Mershon, he will be preparing a study of Nazi party agents repatriated from Spain and Portugal to Germany in 1946 and 1947 following American and British investigations into their wartime and postwar activities. Messenger's research focuses on the transition from war to peace in Europe following the Second World War. He is particularly interested in how the international system, domestic politics, and societies at large dealt with issues of justice and democratization following the experience of Nazi atrocities and the collaboration of many non-Germans in these crimes over the course of the war. Messenger has focused his work on examining the Spanish dictatorship of Gen. Francisco Franco as one place, on the periphery of the war, where themes of collaboration, justice, and continuity raise some interesting questions. His first book, L’Espagne Républicaine: French Policy and Spanish Republicanism in Liberated France was published in 2008 by Sussex Academic Press. He has held fellowships from the Government of Spain and the Center for Advanced Holocaust Studies at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington, D.C.
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    Shaded by Fear: The New Deal and its Legacies
    (Ohio State University. Mershon Center for International Security Studies, 2010-05-05) Katznelson, Ira
    Ira Katznelson is Ruggles Professor of Political Science and History at Columbia University. He is an Americanist whose work has straddled comparative politics and political theory, as well a political and social history. His most recent books are Liberal Beginnings: Making a Republic for the Moderns (with Andreas Kalyvas, 2008), and When Affirmative Action Was White: An Untold History of Racial Inequality in Twentieth-Century America (2005). He is currently completing Fear Itself, a book dealing with American democracy from the New Deal to the Cold War, and Liberal Reason, a collection of his essays on the character of modern social knowledge. Katznelson has co-edited Working Class Formation: Nineteenth Century Patterns in Western Europe and North America (with Aristide Zolberg, 1986), Paths of Emancipation: Jews, States, and Citizenship (with Pierre Birnbaum, 1995), Shaped by War and Trade: International Influences on American Political Development (with Martin Shefter, 2002), Political Science: The State of the Discipline, Centennial Edition (with Helen Milner, 2002), and Preferences and Situations: Points of Intersection Between Historical and Rational Choice Institutionalism (with Barry Weingast, 2005). Katznelson was President of the American Political Science Association in 2005-2006. Previously, he served as President of the Politics and History Section of APSA, President of the Social Science History Association, and Chair of the Russell Sage Foundation Board of Trustees. He has been a Guggenheim Fellow, and is currently a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and the American Philosophical Society.
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    Why Yemen Now? Reassessing South Arabia's Recent Past
    (Ohio State University. Mershon Center for International Security Studies, 2010-05-12) Blumi, Isa
    Isa Blumi is assistant professor of Middle East and East European history and Middle East studies at Georgia State University. His primary fields of research and publication are modern Balkan history including Kosova, Albania and identity politics; Islam in Europe and Southeast Asia; modern imperialism in the Ottoman, Italian, French and Austro-Hungarian Empires; the Middle East from 1800; and migration, comparative state systems and the dynamics of state/society interactions. Blumi is the author of Political Islam Among the Albanians: Are the Taliban Coming to the Balkans? (Kosovar Institute for Policy Research and Development, 2005), now in its second edition, and Rethinking the Late Ottoman Empire: A Comparative Social and Political History of Albania and Yemen, 1878-1918 (ISIS Press, 2003). He is also the author, editor, or co-editor of a number of edited volumes, chapters and journal articles. He is currently working on Chaos in Yemen: Societal Collapse and the New Authoritarianism (forthcoming from Routledge), which address current events in Yemen. Blumi’s research has been supported by the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, American Council of Learned Societies, American Research Institute of Turkey, Fulbright-Hayes, the Social Science Research Council, American Institute of Yemeni Studies, and Foreign Languages and Area Studies (FLAS) Fellowship. Before joining the faculty at Georgia State University, Blumi taught at Central European University in Tirana, Albania, Prishtina University in Kosovo, New York University, Yeshiva University, New School University, Trinity College, and American University of Sharjah in the United Arab Emirates. He received his Ph.D. in the joint program in History and Middle Eastern and Islamic Studies at New York University.
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    Blame, Italian Style
    (Ohio State University. Mershon Center for International Security Studies, 2010-05-07) Wolf, Susan
    Susan Wolf is Edna J. Koury Professor of Philosophy at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. She works chiefly in ethics and its close relations in philosophy of mind, philosophy of action, political philosophy, and aesthetics. Her research and teaching interests range widely over moral psychology, value theory, and normative ethics. Wolf is the author of Freedom Within Reason (Oxford University Press, 1990), and most recently Meaning in Life and Why It Matters (Princeton University Press, 2010). She is currently editing an anthology of essays titled Understanding Love Through Philosophy, Film, and Fiction. In addition to publishing numerous chapters in edited volumes, she has been published widely in journals including Philosophical Perspectives, Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, Social Philosophy & Policy, and Ratio. Before moving to Chapel Hill, Wolf taught at Harvard University, the University of Maryland, and Johns Hopkins University. She is a member of the American Association of Arts and Sciences and the American Philosophical Society, and she is President of the Eastern Division of the American Philosophical Association for 2010-11. Wolf received her M.A. and Ph.D. in Philosophy from Princeton University. She received her B.A. from Yale University where she graduated Summa Cum Laude, Phi Beta Kappa, and received special distinction in philosophy.
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    Narratives of Bombing: Tokyo and Hiroshima, 1945
    (Ohio State University. Mershon Center for International Security Studies, 2010-05-13) Rotter, Andy
    Andy Rotter is Charles A. Dana Professor of History at Colgate College. He is a specialist in U.S. diplomatic history, recent U.S. history, and the Vietnam War. His research interests focus on U.S.-Asia relations, the Cold War, and history of the senses. Rotter is the author of Hiroshima: The World's Bomb (Oxford University Press, 2008), Comrades at Odds: Culture and Indo-U.S. Relations, 1947-1964 (Cornell University Press, 2000), and The Path to Vietnam (Cornell University Press, 1987). He is the editor of Light at the End of the Tunnel: A Vietnam War Anthology (Rowman and Littlefield, 2010) now in its third edition. His numerous distinctions include President of the Society for Historians of American Foreign Relations, Gandhi Peace Foundation Fellowship, Harry S Truman Library Institute grant, and American Council of Learned Societies Senior Fellowship. Before joining the faculty at Colgate, Rotter taught at St. Mary’s College and Vanderbilt University. He received his M.A. and Ph.D. from Stanford University and his B.A. from Cornell University.
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    America's Wars: The Way Forward in Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Iraq
    (Ohio State University. Mershon Center for International Security Studies, 2010-05-10) Andrle, Fred; Herrmann, Richard; Kay, Sean; Mansoor, Peter; Mueller, John; Payind, Alam
    The Mershon and Humanities Institute faculty panel, "America's Wars: The Way Forward in Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Iraq" will provide an in depth look at the issues surrounding America's increased military commitment in Afghanistan, military activity in Pakistan, and the planned withdrawal of United States combat troops from Iraq. A multidisciplinary panel of leading security and area experts from The Ohio State University will explore possible military, economic, cultural, and diplomatic strategies as the Obama administration seeks to wind down the U.S. commitment in Iraq, achieve success in Afghanistan, and ensure the security of Pakistan.
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    Extreme Vulnerability of Migrants: The Cases of the United States and Mexico
    (Ohio State University. Mershon Center for International Security Studies, 2010-05-04) Bustamante, Jorge
    Jorge Bustamante is Eugene Conley Professor of Sociology at the University of Notre Dame and professor and researcher at El Colegio de la Frontera Norte, the prominent Mexican institute for the study of border issues, of which he is also the founder. Bustamante also serves as UN Special Rapporteur on Human Rights of Migrants. His research and teaching interests focus on U.S.-Mexico border studies, international migrations and human rights, and U.S. population of Mexican origin in the United States. He is a leading participant in international scholarly networks dealing with these themes and has played a major role in building and sustaining scholarly linkages between Mexico and the United States. Bustamante has been quoted as a leading expert in the field of international migrations by most major newspapers in the United States and his commentary has been featured on programs such as Night Line, 60 Minutes, and the McNeil-Lehrer News Hour. He has published over 200 articles on Mexican immigration to the United States, US-Mexico border phenomena and US-Mexico relations in scholarly journals from the United States, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Venezuela, Spain and Mexico. Bustamante has received numerous honors including the prestigious National Science Award, which was given to him by former President of Mexico Miguel de la Madrid, and the National Award on Demography, which was given to him for his research on Mexican migration to the United States by former President of Mexico Carlos Salinas de Gotari. In 2005, the Mexican Congress named Bustamante as their nominee for the Nobel Peace Prize, and he was named Honorary Consul General of Japan that same year. In 2007, he received the DuBois-Johnson-Frazier Award by the American Sociological Association. Bustamante was appointed by the U.S., Canadian and Mexican governments to the Joint Public Advisory Committee (J-PAC) and the Border Environmental Cooperation Commission (BECC) after the signing of the North American Free Trade Agreement. After Mexico joined the Organization for Economic Co-Operation and Development, he was appointed as the Continuous Reporting System on Migration's correspondent for Mexico. Bustamante received his M.A. and Ph.D. from the University of Notre Dame. He also holds a law degree from the National Autonomous University of Mexico.
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    Rise of Red Terror: The Ethics and Effectiveness of Maoist Violence in India
    (Ohio State University. Mershon Center for International Security Studies, 2010-04-30) Mahapatra, Sangeeta
    Sangeeta Mahapatra is a Fulbright-Nehru Doctoral and Professional Research Fellow. As a visiting scholar at the Mershon Center for International Security Studies, she is currently working on a comparative study of counterterrorism strategies of India, Israel and the United States. As Mahapatra argues, the core of counterterrorism is capability. While states may set for themselves certain goals, how far they are able to deliver on them determines the strengths and weaknesses of their counterterrorism strategy. The aim of the study is to expand the scope of counterterrorism decision-making by studying how the three countries use their political, legal, civilian and economic structures to deal with an outlier event. The question is not about expending a lot of resources on a "high risk-low probability" threat but about responding to it in timely, cost-efficient and effective manner. Mahapatra is the author of Pacification of the Irreconcilable: The Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (Kolkata, 2005) and Miasma: A Collection of Short Stories (Chowringhee Prakashini Press, Kolkata, 1999). She has also published various journal articles including "Economic Globalization: Understanding the Process beyond the Politics," in Globalization in India: New Frontiers, Emerging Challenges, ed. by Swapan Kumar Pramanick and Ramanuj Ganguly (Prentice Hall of India, 2009) and "Human Rights in Pakistan: A Heuristic of Hope and Despair," in Human Rights in South Asia, ed. by Joseph Benjamin (Nagpur University, 2009).