Ohio Journal of Science: Volume 86, Issue 5 (December, 1986)

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Front Matter
pp. 0
Article description | Article Full Text PDF (1006KB)

Distribution and Relative Abundance of Ruffed Grouse in Ohio
Stoll, Robert J., Jr.; McClain, Milford W. pp. 182-185
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Ammonium Production in Cultures of Bipolaris maydis Race T: Evidence for Involvement of Asparaginase and NADP- and NAD-Glutamate Dehydrogenases
Bischoff, T. W.; Garraway, Michael O. pp. 186-189
Article description | Article Full Text PDF (1694KB)

Recycle: A Computerized Planning Tool to Improve Municipal Solid Waste Management
Clapham, W. B., Jr. pp. 189-199
Article description | Article Full Text PDF (1691KB)

Influences of Hibernaculum Microenvironment on the Winter Life History of the Garter Snake (Thamnophis sirtalis)
Costanzo, Jon P. pp. 199-204
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Maturity and Fecundity of the White Perch, Morone americana, in Western Lake Erie
Bur, Michael T. pp. 205-207
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Astronomical Significance of the Ahsin Bay Indian Pictographs in Quetico Provincial Park, Canada
Collins, George W., II pp. 208-210
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Temperature Effects on Host-Seeking by Larval American Dog Ticks, Dermacentor variabilis (Say)
Harlan, Harold J.; Foster, Woodbridge A. pp. 210-212
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Brief Note: Occurrence of Monocesta coryli (Say) in Ohio (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae)
Clark, Shawn M. pp. 213-213
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Book Reviews
pp. 214-214
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Necrology
pp. 217-220
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Officers, Committees and Academy Representatives for 1986-87
pp. 221-222
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Index to Volume 86
pp. 223-226
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Table of Contents, Vol. 86
pp. 227-228
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Back Matter
pp. 999
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  • Item
    Back Matter
    (1986-12)
  • Item
    Table of Contents, Vol. 86
    (1986-12)
  • Item
    Index to Volume 86
    (1986-12)
  • Item
    Necrology
    (1986-12)
  • Item
    Book Reviews
    (1986-12)
  • Item
    Temperature Effects on Host-Seeking by Larval American Dog Ticks, Dermacentor variabilis (Say)
    (1986-12) Harlan, Harold J.; Foster, Woodbridge A.
    Host-seeking activity of larval American dog ticks was measured by determining the proportion of unengorged larvae attached to white-footed mice, Peromyscus leucopus (Rafinesque), trapped overnight in Columbus, Ohio, in 1983. A positive linear correlation was found between larval host-seeking activity and evening ambient temperature. No similar correlation was found between this activity and insolation, relative humidity, average daily temperature, or ambient temperatures taken at other times of the day or night.
  • Item
    Astronomical Significance of the Ahsin Bay Indian Pictographs in Quetico Provincial Park, Canada
    (1986-12) Collins, George W., II
    A re-investigation of an Indian Rock Painting located in Quetico Provincial Park of Western Ontario as a possible representation of a conjunction of the moon and the supernova of 1054 A.D. is described. In spite of meeting all of the standard criteria for such an interpretation, it appears more likely that the painting represents an animal.
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    Maturity and Fecundity of the White Perch, Morone americana, in Western Lake Erie
    (1986-12) Bur, Michael T.
    Among white perch {Morone americana) collected from bottom trawl catches in 1984 and commercial trap net catches in 1985, all males were mature at age 2, and all females by age 3. Fecundity estimates for 50 females collected in May, 1985 ranged from 64,480 to 388,736 eggs (x ± SE=174,945±10,198).
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    Influences of Hibernaculum Microenvironment on the Winter Life History of the Garter Snake (Thamnophis sirtalis)
    (1986-12) Costanzo, Jon P.
    A communal hibernaculum in Portage County, Wisconsin, which was studied from 1981-1984, served as a winter refuge for 200 to 300 garter snakes (Thamnophis sirtalis). The den was an abandoned cylindrical cistern (about 100 cm diameter X 245 cm deep) constructed of stacked fieldstone in predominantly porous soils. Garter snakes approaching the den in October exhibited trailing behavior. This observation, coupled with significant differential arrival timing of small and larger snakes, supports the previously established contention that pheromone trails from conspecifics are important in den relocation. The hibernation period lasted from October to early April. During this time, the snakes were submerged in acidic (pH 5.5— 6.0), hypoxic (dissolved oxygen=2.9 ppm) well water. Sustained winter submergence provided a stable thermal regime, allowed the occupation of preferred thermal microsites, and prevented dehydration. The den depth-temperature gradient followed a pronounced, seasonally dependent cycle that was correlated with entrance and emergence behaviors and may have served as a stimulus for the onset and termination of dormancy. A cold temperature, anti-predator, defense behavior was demonstrated by newly emerged snakes and was characterized by cloacal elimination, dorso-ventral compression of the body, and mouth-gaping.
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    Recycle: A Computerized Planning Tool to Improve Municipal Solid Waste Management
    (1986-12) Clapham, W. B., Jr.
    RECYCLE is a simulation model designed to assist municipal decision-makers in beginning the planning process to determine what options in municipal recycling are appropriate for their communities. Its structure can be adapted to the vast array of municipal solid waste handling systems found around the country. It simulates a large number of options suitable for each type of municipal system and chooses the ones most appropriate for community officials to examine in greater detail. It reflects the kinds of questions addressed in municipal solid waste management and is also appropriate for communities picking up their own refuse, contracting with specific private trash haulers, and having strictly private trash pickup. Model runs have already influenced the structure of recycling programs in northeast Ohio, and the model has generated interest in several other areas.
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    Ammonium Production in Cultures of Bipolaris maydis Race T: Evidence for Involvement of Asparaginase and NADP- and NAD-Glutamate Dehydrogenases
    (1986-12) Bischoff, T. W.; Garraway, Michael O.
    When Bipolaris maydis race T was incubated in a liquid medium (2 g/l glucose, 4 g/l Lasparagine, and mineral salts), ammonium and pH failed to increase after 48 h, but both increased after 72 h from 0.0 to 21.8 /mioles NH4 +/ml, and from pH 5.8 to 7.9. Also at 72 h, glucose was no longer detected. When the activities of NADP-glutamate dehydrogenase (NADP-gdh), NAD-glutamate dehydrogenase (NADgdh) and L-asparaginase were assayed, NADP-gdh was high at 48 h and low at 72 h, and NAD-gdh was low at 48 h and high at 72 h. There were no differences in asparaginase activity after 48 or 72 h. To test the effects of cycloheximide on enzyme activity and ammonium accumulation, filter-sterilized (pore size 0.45 fxm) cycloheximide was added at a rate of 10 /*g/ml at 48 h and the assays were made at 72 and 96 h. Addition of cycloheximide inhibited dry weight increase, stopped removal of glucose from the culture medium, prevented pH increase, and blocked the transition from high NADP-gdh to high NAD-gdh activity. Only 10.0 /xmoles/ml ammonium accumulated in cycloheximide-treated cultures in contrast to 21.8 ^moles/ml in the control, and asparaginase activity was unaffected. Thus, ammonium accumulation following glucose depletion may be related to the reduction of ammonium assimilated via NADP-gdh and the production of ammonium via asparaginase and NAD-gdh.
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    Distribution and Relative Abundance of Ruffed Grouse in Ohio
    (1986-12) Stoll, Robert J., Jr.; McClain, Milford W.
    This survey updates the distribution and relative abundance of ruffed grouse (Bonasa umbellus) in Ohio. In 1982, ruffed grouse were reported in 44 counties covering approximately 41,400 km2 in glaciated northeastern and unglaciated eastern and southeastern Ohio. About 74% of the occupied range was rated best-good and 26% fair-marginal. Drumming male densities ranging from 0.7 to 3.7 per 40 ha were recorded on three best-good rated study areas in southeastern Ohio. From 1972 through 1983, grouse populations demonstrated dramatic low to high year changes of 75% for the range wide grouse hunter survey and 150% for drumming male censuses in southeastern range.
  • Item
    Front Matter
    (1986-12)