2008-09 Mershon Center Speakers and Conferences

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    Women in Politics: Global Perspectives
    (Ohio State University. Mershon Center for International Security Studies, 2009-04-24) Mann, Melanie
    Women in Politics: Global Perspectives is a one-day workshop featuring three panels of speakers with planned discussion and extended opportunity for informal communication. Three panels will be convened: (1) Women and Democracy, National Security, and Conflict, (2) Women's Global Organizing, and (3) Women in Politics - Gaining Access, Changing Institutions. The goal of the panels is to demonstrate multiple approaches to the same topics, spark conversations about fruitful ways to explain women's representation in regions and countries where traditional explanations are less helpful, and provide the backdrop for facilitated discussions of practical concerns in researching women in politics globally.
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    Great Lakes Ottoman Workshop
    (Ohio State University. Mershon Center for International Security Studies, 2009-04-18) Mann, Melanie
    The Great Lakes Ottoman Workshop was launched in 2005 as a more intimate and intensive supplement to the Middle East Studies Association meeting. It encourages exchange among scholars of the history, art, architecture, and folklore of the Ottoman Empire from the Great Lakes region and beyond. Emphasis is on intensive discussion of pre-circulated papers. Since its inaugural meeting at Northwestern University in March 2005, GLOW has met every spring (after initially meeting twice in 2005) at a major Midwestern institution. Past hosts have been (in order) Northwestern University, DePaul University, University of Toronto, University of Michigan, and University of Notre Dame. Given Ohio State's strength in Ottoman studies, we expect a rich and rewarding program in 2009.
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    Empire at End: Global Transformations in the Late Cold War
    (Ohio State University. Mershon Center for International Security Studies, 2009-04-03) Mann, Melanie
    Empire at End: Global Transformations in the Late Cold War is the third conference on global history at the Mershon Center for International Security Studies. This symposium brings together junior faculty and advanced Ph.D. candidates to examine the patterns, limits, and agents of global change in late 20th century. Panelists will consider to what extent, and for what reasons, the bipolar balance of power that characterized the Cold War was challenged, particularly from the 1970s on. By examining the interplay of new forces for change with forces resisting change, we hope to better understand the relationships between the global transformations of the late 20th century and pan-European Empire. Did these transformations mark the "End of Empire" or merely redefine empire? Students of diplomatic, international, and transnational history, along with economists, political scientists, and specialists in globalization, are encouraged to attend Empire at End. The conference will examine themes of globalization and nationalism, as well as warfare, social protest, and political economy. Its geographical scope will be broad, focusing not only on the United States and the Soviet Union, but also Western and Eastern Europe, East and South Asia, Latin America, and Africa.
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    The Race in Culture: 20th-Century Ethnology and Empire in Comparative Perspective
    (Ohio State University. Mershon Center for International Security Studies, 2009-05-01) Mann, Melanie
    Keywords of the modern period, "race" and "culture" have persisted as concepts shaping both institutional and vernacular practice. The imperialist context in which scientific representations of human difference emerged has been intensively studied. The Race in Culture: 20th-Century Ethnology and Empire in Comparative Perspective examines the persistence of such representations in post-imperial states and international institutions. We compare the 20th century trajectories of three states torn among nationalist, imperialist, and universalist aspirations: France, the United States, and China. The conference will have two principal foci. First we examine ethnological museums, their original importance as knowledge institutions, and their contested roles today as vehicles for promoting cultural diversity. Second, we consider how, in the wake of the Holocaust and the breakup of European empires after the Second World War, earlier concepts were reconfigured rather than erased. An overall shift from "race" to "culture" as the internationally legitimate framing of human difference can conveniently be dated to the 1950 UNESCO Declaration on Race. Nonetheless, continuities as well as ruptures can be traced in many realms of policy and administration.
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    Military Frontiers: A Graduate Symposium
    (Ohio State University. Mershon Center for International Security Studies, 2009-05-15) Mann, Melanie
    Military Frontiers: A Graduate Symposium brings together leading graduate students engaged in national academic debate within military history. The conference seeks to revive discussions of the successful "Theatrum Militarum" graduate conference held at Ohio State in the 1990s. This year, discussion will focus on issues raised by emerging scholars of the "Great War." Panelists will present on the role the United States played in providing humanitarian relief from 1914-1924 in response to war sufferings, the American military identity as presented in uncensored war testimonies gathered during the Great War, and the impact of changing military technology on leadership development of the United States military during the 20th century. Students of military and diplomatic history, and specialists in military studies, are encouraged to attend Military Frontiers. The symposium will examine themes on ethical and legal issues of armed conflict; ways in which war affects and is affected by race and gender; and links between war, science, and technology.
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    The 18th Knesset: Obama, Netanyahu, and the Future of the U.S.-Israel Relationship
    (Ohio State University. Mershon Center for International Security Studies, 2009-05-21) Abrams, Elliot
    Elliott Abrams is senior fellow for Middle Eastern studies at the Council on Foreign Relations in Washington, D.C. He served as deputy assistant to the president and deputy national security adviser in the administration of President George W. Bush, where he supervised U.S. policy in the Middle East for the White House. Abrams joined the Bush administration in June 2001 as special assistant to the president and senior director of the National Security Council (NSC) for democracy, human rights, and international organizations. From December 2002 to February 2005, he served as special assistant to the president and senior director of the National Security Council for Near East and North African affairs. He served as deputy assistant to the president and deputy national security adviser for global democracy strategy from February 2005 to January 2009, and in that capacity supervised both the Near East and North African affairs, and the democracy, human rights, and international organizations directorates of the NSC. Abrams was president of the Ethics and Public Policy Center in Washington, D.C., from 1996 until joining the White House staff. He was a member of the United States Commission on International Religious Freedom from 1999 to 2001, and chairman of the commission in the latter year. Abrams is currently a member of the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Council, which directs the activities of the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum. Abrams was educated at Harvard College (BA, 1969), the London School of Economics (MSc, 1970) and Harvard Law School (JD, 1973). He is the author of three books, Undue Process (1993), Security and Sacrifice (1995), and Faith or Fear: How Jews Can Survive in a Christian America (1997); and the editor of three more, Close Calls: Intervention, Terrorism, Missile Defense and "Just War” Today; Honor Among Nations: Intangible Interests and Foreign Policy; and The Influence of Faith: Religion and American Foreign Policy.
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    Gendered Bodies/Gendered Wars: Iraqi Women Refugees in Jordan
    (Ohio State University. Mershon Center for International Security Studies, 2009-05-21) Nusair, Isis
    This presentation is based on extensive research with Iraqi women refugees in Jordan during 2007 and 2008. It traces the causes that prompted the women to leave Iraq after 2003. It also traces the transition they went through and the economic, social, and political challenges they currently face as urban refugees in Jordan. Nusair analyzes the gendered and sexual politics of their status as women refugees and the response of the Iraqi and Jordanian governments to their plight. She also analyzes the response of the United Nations as well as national and international aid organizations to their needs. Finally, the presentation examines women's coping mechanisms and networks of support and the ways these women are negotiating with conditions of extreme dislocation and instability in their lives.
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    Evo Morales, Bolivian Democracy, and U.S. Policy: Still on the Brink?
    (Ohio State University. Mershon Center for International Security Studies, 2009-05-14) Gamarra, Eduardo
    Eduardo Gamarra is Professor of Comparative Politics, Latin America, and the Caribbean, as well as previous director of the Latin American and Caribbean Center at Florida International University. His research focuses on democratization, civil-military relations, and the political economy of narcotics trafficking in the Andean region and the Caribbean. He is currently studying U.S. policy toward Colombia and the migration of Colombians to the United States. Author of more than 40 articles and several books, Gamarra is co-author or editor of Revolution and Reaction: Bolivia 1964-1985 (Transaction Publishers, 1988), Latin American Political Economy in the Age of Neoliberal Reform (Lynne Rienner Publishers, 1994), Democracy Markets and Structural Reform in Latin America: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, and Mexico (Lynne Rienner Publishers, 1995), and Entre la Droga y la Democracia (Freiderich Ebert Foundation, 1994). Over the course of the last 15 years, Gamarra has offered consultation on Latin American issues to the Library of Congress and other governmental organizations. He has been cited for his expertise on Bolivia and other Latin American countries in The New York Times, The Washington Post, and The Wall Street Journal, El Tiempo de Bogota, El Mercurio de Chile, and La Razon de La Paz, Bolivia.
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    Ostpolitik, 1969-1974: the European and Global Response
    (Ohio State University. Mershon Center for International Security Studies, 2009-05-11) Fink, Carole
    Fink will be speaking about her most recent book, Ostpolitik, 1969-1974: European and Global Responses (Cambridge University Press, 2009), edited with Bernd Schaeffer. The book examines the worldwide effects of West German Chancellor Willy Brandt's Ostpolitik, the audacious and controversial policy of normalizing relations with East Germany, the Soviet Union, and other Eastern European states. Brandt's goal was to end confrontation across the Iron Curtain and peacefully overcome Europe's Cold War division. Ostpolitik paralleled but also diverged from the U.S. détente, contributed to easing tensions in Europe, and ultimately led to the end of division in Germany and Europe. It also stimulated hopes and fears in places such as India, Korea, China, and South Africa for similar models of rapprochement with the enemy. The book is the product of a 2006 conference sponsored by the Mershon Center and German Historical Institute.
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    France's New Museums in a Postcolonial Age
    (Ohio State University. Mershon Center for International Security Studies, 2009-05-08) Ford, Caroline
    Caroline Ford is Professor of History at University of California at Los Angeles, where she teaches on modern France, French colonialism and the Algerian war, religion and nationalism, modern European History, and European landscape and environmental history in comparative perspective. Ford completed her Ph.D. in European history at the University of Chicago and taught at Harvard University and University of British Columbia in Vancouver before joining UCLA in 2004. Her first book, Creating the Nation in Provincial France: Religion and Political Identity in Brittany (Princeton University Press, 1993) explores religion, nation formation, and the creation of regional and religious identities in France at the beginning of the 20th century. Her second book, Divided Houses: Religion and Gender in Modern France (Cornell University Press, 2005), focuses on the feminization of religion in postrevolutionary France and its impact on the civil/political status of women and the creation of a distinctive laïc republican political culture by the early 20th century. It concludes with current debates over the veiling of Muslim women in the late 20th century. She is currently writing a book on the transformation of environmental sensibilities in France between 1840 and 1940, which will be published by Harvard University Press as Nature and Artifice: Culture and Conservation in Metropolitan and Colonial France. She is also co-editor, with Tamara Whited, of a special issue of French Historical Studies on new work in French environmental history. She ultimately plans to write a book on Islam in France after 1945. Ford is also working on a project regarding "new" postcolonial museums and French colonial memory, from which this lecture is derived.
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    The Politics of Deliberation: Qat Chews as Public Spheres in Yemen
    (Ohio State University. Mershon Center for International Security Studies, 2009-05-07) Wedeen, Lisa
    isa Wedeen is Professor and Chair of the Department of Political Science, as well as an associate member of the Department of Anthropology at the University of Chicago. Her research interests include comparative politics, the Middle East, political theory, and feminist theory. In addition to teaching on the Middle East, Wedeen teaches courses on nationalism, comparative identity formation, power and resistance, and citizenship. She is author of numerous articles and two books, Ambiguities of Domination: Politics, Rhetoric, and Symbols in Contemporary Syria (University of Chicago Press, 1999) and Peripheral Visions: Publics, Power and Performance in Yemen (University of Chicago Press, 2008). In Peripheral Visions, Wedeen draws on 18 months of field experience in Yemen. She analyzes the development of national attachments in an environment with weak state institutions. Through her fieldwork, Wedeen has found that much of public life in Yemen revolves around qat, a leafy stimulant typically chewed during afternoon socializing. Qat chews foster a wide range of discussions and interactions among community members, as well as strangers, including intense debates of primarily political issues. By analyzing these informal gatherings, Wedeen reveals how the study of public discussions, existing outside of official electoral or governmental institutions, provides insight into the development of participatory politics.
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    Negotiating Democracy in Muslim West Africa: Sahelian Trajectories
    (Ohio State University. Mershon Center for International Security Studies, 2009-04-28) Villalon, Leonardo
    Leonardo A. Villalón is Director of the Center for African Studies and Associate Professor of Political Science at the University of Florida. His research specialization is in contemporary African politics, and he has focused in particular on issues of Islam and politics and on democratization in the Sahelian countries of Senegal, Mali, and Niger.
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    Neither Global nor National: Novel Assemblages of Territory, Authority and Rights
    (Ohio State University. Mershon Center for International Security Studies, 2009-04-21) Sassen, Saskia
    Saskia Sassen is Robert S. Lynd Professor of Sociology and a member of the Committee on Global Thought at Columbia University. Her new books are A Sociology of Globalization (W.W. Norton, 2007) and Territory, Authority, Rights: From Medieval to Global Assemblages (Princeton University Press, 2008), winner of the Robert Jervis and Paul Schroeder Award in International History and Politics from the American Political Science Association, and Honorable Mention, Association of American Publishers Award for Best Professional/Scholarly Book in Sociology and Social Work.
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    The Neglected Taipei Treaty: A New Perspective of Taiwan's Legal Status
    (Ohio State University. Mershon Center for International Security Studies, 2009-04-20) Lin, Man-houng
    Man-houng Lin has been a Senior Research Fellow at the Institute of Modern History, Academia Sinica since 1990 and Professor of History at National Taiwan Normal University since 1991. In 2008, she was named president of Taiwan's Academia Historica, or State History Academy. Lin's main area of research focuses on treaty ports and modern China, native opium of late Qing China, currency crisis and early 19th century China, various empires and Taiwanese merchants' Great East Asian overseas economic networks, 1860-1961. She has published five books and about 70 papers in Chinese, English, Japanese and Korean in these areas. Her book, China Upside Down: Currency, Society and Ideologies, 1808-1856 (Harvard East Asian Series, 2006) links China's topsy-turvy change from the center of the East Asian order to its modern tragedy with the Latin American Independence Movement. Lin was mostly educated in Taiwan and received her Ph.D. in History and East Asian Languages from Harvard University in 1989.
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    The Perils of Intimacy: Harry Hopkins as Franklin D. Roosevelt's National Security Adviser
    (Ohio State University. Mershon Center for International Security Studies, 2009-04-17) Costigliola, Frank
    Frank Costigliola is Professor of History at the University of Connecticut specializing in 20th century U.S. history and U.S. foreign relations. His recent publications include "Broken Circle: The Isolation of Franklin D. Roosevelt in World War II" (Diplomatic History, November 2008); "Reading for Meaning: Theory, Language, and Metaphor" in Explaining American Foreign Relations History, 2nd ed., ed. by Michael Hogan and Thomas G. Paterson (Cambridge University Press, 2003); and "'I Had Come as a Friend': Emotion, Culture, and Ambiguity in the Formation of the Cold War" (Cold War History, August 2000). Costigliola is currently writing a book called Lost Alliances: How Personal Politics Helped Win World War II and Form the Cold War, about the impact of emotions and perceived cultural differences in the shaping of U.S., British, and Soviet foreign policy during and immediately after World War II. He has received fellowships from the Guggenheim Foundation, National Endowment for the Humanities, and Nobel Institute. In 2009 he started a term as president of the Society for Historians of American Foreign Relations.
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    Reconsidering Presidential Elections in the Middle East
    (Ohio State University. Mershon Center for International Security Studies, 2009-04-14) Brownlee, Jason
    Jason Brownlee is Assistant Professor of Government and Middle Eastern Studies at the University of Texas. He teaches undergraduate courses on U.S. foreign policy and Mideast politics, and graduate seminars on democratization and modern Islamic movements. Brownlee is author of Authoritarianism in an Age of Democratization (Cambridge University Press, 2007), which examines the historical sources of electoral contestation and regime change during the last 30 years. He has published articles in World Politics, Comparative Politics, and Studies in Comparative International Development. His article "Hereditary Succession in Modern Autocracies" was recognized by the Comparative Democratization section of the American Political Science Association as best article of 2007. Brownlee is currently dividing his time between two large projects. The first addresses major cases of U.S. occupation abroad, while the second looks comparatively at local challenges to the Egyptian government.
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    The Nuremberg Trials and the Making of the Soviet Union as an International Power
    (Ohio State University. Mershon Center for International Security Studies, 2009-04-13) Hirsch, Francine
    Francine Hirsch is Associate Professor of History at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. Her interests include Russian and Soviet history, modern European history, and comparative empires. Hirsch is author of Empire of Nations: Ethnographic Knowledge and the Making of the Soviet Union (Cornell University Press, 2005), which won the Herbert Baxter Adams Book Prize of the American Historical Association (2007), the Wayne S. Vucinich Book Prize of the American Association for the Advancement of Slavic Studies (2006), and was co-winner of the Council for European Studies Book Award (2006).
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    The Dissent-Repression Nexus in the Middle East
    (Ohio State University. Mershon Center for International Security Studies, 2009-04-09) Meyer, Katherine; Jenkins, J. Craig
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    A Simple Political Economy of International Relations Between Democracies and Autocracies
    (Ohio State University. Mershon Center for International Security Studies, 2009-04-06) Fearon, James
    James Fearon is the Theodore and Frances Geballe Professor in the School of Humanities and Sciences, Professor of Political Science and CISAC affiliated faculty member at Stanford University. His research focuses on democracy and international disputes, explanations for interstate wars, and, most recently, the causes of civil and especially ethnic violence. He is presently working on a book manuscript with David Laitin on civil war since 1945.
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    Mirrors and Compasses: An 85th Birthday Symposium for Erika Bourguignon
    (Ohio State University. Mershon Center for International Security Studies, 2009-02-20) Mann, Melanie
    Known for pioneering work on the relationship of religious trance to gender roles and social change, Erika Bourguignon set long-term agendas in psychological and psychiatric anthropology, religious studies, women's studies, and African American performance studies. More recently her explorations of her family past have garnered attention in Jewish studies and the study of memory in Central Europe.