Furniss Book Award (Mershon Center)

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    Who Fights for Reputation in International Politics? Leaders, Resolve and the Use of Force
    (Ohio State University. Mershon Center for International Security Studies, 2016-03-28) Yarhi-Milo, Keren
    Yarhi-Milo's book Knowing The Adversary: Leaders, Intelligence Organizations, and Assessments of Intentions in International Relations (Princeton University Press, 2014) explores how and why civilian leaders and intelligence organizations select and interpret an adversary’s signals of intentions differently. It is winner of the Edgar S. Furniss Book Award, given annually to an author whose first book makes an exceptional contribution to the study of national and international security.
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    The Terrorist’s Dilemma: Managing Violent Covert Organizations
    (Ohio State University. Mershon Center for International Security Studies, 2015-10-13) Shapiro, Jacob
    How do terrorist groups control their members? Do the tools groups use to monitor their operatives and enforce discipline create security vulnerabilities that governments can exploit? The Terrorist's Dilemma is the first book to systematically examine the great variation in how terrorist groups are structured. Employing a broad range of agency theory, historical case studies, and terrorists' own internal documents, Shapiro provocatively discusses the core managerial challenges that terrorists face and illustrates how their political goals interact with the operational environment to push them to organize in particular ways.Shapiro provides a historically informed explanation for why some groups have little hierarchy, while others resemble miniature firms, complete with line charts and written disciplinary codes. Looking at groups in Africa, Asia, Europe, and North America, he highlights how consistent and widespread the terrorist's dilemma -- balancing the desire to maintain control with the need for secrecy -- has been since the 1880s.Through an analysis of more than a hundred terrorist autobiographies he shows how prevalent bureaucracy has been, and he utilizes a cache of internal documents from al-Qa'ida in Iraq to outline why this deadly group used so much paperwork to handle its people. Tracing the strategic interaction between terrorist leaders and their operatives, Shapiro closes with a series of comparative case studies, indicating that the differences in how groups in the same conflict approach their dilemmas are consistent with an agency theory perspective.The Terrorist's Dilemma demonstrates the management constraints inherent to terrorist groups and sheds light on specific organizational details that can be exploited to more efficiently combat terrorist activity.
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    Accepting the Unacceptable: West Germany's Changing Border Policy, 1945-1990
    (Ohio State University. Mershon Center for International Security Studies, 2014-10-06) Atzili, Boaz
    In this talk, Boaz Atzili seeks to bridge the gap in the literature by studying the case of the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG) and its policy's coming to terms with its territorial losses post World War II. He concentrates on German land east of the Oder-Neisse line, which was annexed by Poland and Russia in the Potsdam Conference of 1945. In the early years of the FRG, both policy and public discourse strongly opposed the acknowledgment and acceptance of the new border. By the time of Germany's reunification in 1990, however, the opposite was true. Today, even the remnants of the territorial revisionists in Germany are careful not to pronounce their territorial positions publicly. The pendulum of Germany's border discourse has now swung to the other side: Germany accepted the unacceptable. Atzili uses this case study to develop a general theoretical argument about border politics in international relations, based on interaction between domestic politics and discourse, foreign policy, and international norms.
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    Fixing the Facts: National Security and the Politics of Intelligence
    (Ohio State University. Mershon Center for International Security Studies, 2013-11-08) Rovner, Joshua
    In Fixing the Facts, Joshua Rovner explores the complex interaction between intelligence and policy and shines a spotlight on the problem of politicization. Major episodes in the history of American foreign policy have been closely tied to the manipulation of intelligence estimates. Rovner describes how the Johnson administration dealt with the intelligence community during the Vietnam War; how President Nixon and President Ford politicized estimates on the Soviet Union; and how pressure from the George W. Bush administration contributed to flawed intelligence on Iraq. He also compares the U.S. case with the British experience between 1998 and 2003, and demonstrates that high-profile government inquiries in both countries were fundamentally wrong about what happened before the war
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    Presidents, Kings, Dictators, & War: Leader Risk and International Politics
    (Ohio State University. Mershon Center for International Security Studies, 2013-09-18) Horowitz, Michael
    This talk attempts to bring leaders, the decision makers who start wars and make the peace, back into our core understanding of international politics. It challenges the assumption of traditional international relations research, demonstrating that leaders matter, and importantly their observable early life experiences shape their subsequent preferences and propensity to use military force in systematic ways.
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    Techno-Blinders: The U.S. Techno-Centric Strategic Culture
    (Ohio State University. Mershon Center for International Security Studies, 2012-09-13) Stanley, Elizabeth
    Elizabeth A. Stanley is an associate professor of security studies at Georgetown University, with appointments in the Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service and the Department of Government. She is also the founder of the Mind Fitness Training Institute, a non-profit organization dedicated to teaching skills for enhancing performance and building resilience to stress.
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    The Fuzzy Governance of Soft Hard Law and Hard Soft Law
    (Ohio State University. Mershon Center for International Security Studies, 2011-11-01) Jojarth, Christine
    The increasing prominence of unconventional, cross-border security threats posed by non-state actors is challenging traditional international diplomacy and its most cherished tool: international treaties. Policy-making circles and academia alike often deplore the fact that it is getting ever more difficult to reach international agreements that are legally binding and global in reach. This talk challenges this appraisement on two fronts. For one, I will argue that legal bindingness in itself is a poor predictor of the effectiveness of an agreement’s ability to impact states' behavior. In fact, so-called "hard law" — i.e. legally binding agreements — often turns out to be "soft" in nature as a result of lacking precision and weak compliance mechanisms. For the other, a number of recent non-binding agreements demonstrate that 'soft law" can actually be "hard" in the innovative ways they incorporate an impressive arsenal of tools to effectively expose and sanction non-compliance. This talk draws on cases from the security arena and beyond to highlight the true drivers of effective international cooperation.
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    Ethnic Bargaining: The Paradox of Minority Empowerment
    (Ohio State University. Mershon Center for International Security Studies, 2009-05-04) Jenne, Erin
    Erin K. Jenne is Associate Professor of International Relations and European Studies at Central European University in Budapest. She teaches on the subjects of nationalism and civil warfare, international relations, qualitative methods and research design, and ethnic conflict in Eastern Europe. Jenne's first book, Ethnic Bargaining: The Paradox of Minority Empowerment (Cornell University Press, 2007), received the Edgar S. Furniss Award. In this book, Jenne describes a theory of minority politics that that combines field research and comparative analysis with the insights of rational choice and bargaining. She builds her theory from research completed in the post-communist countries of East Central Europe. Jenne's work focuses on ethnic cleavage in the cases of Sudeten Germans in interwar Czechoslovakia; Slovaks and Moravians in post-communist Czechoslovakia; the Hungarians in Romania, Slovakia, and Vojvodina; and the Albanians in Kosovo. Jenne finds that even though nation-states have been, on average, more responsive to minority groups than in earlier years, claims by ethnic minorities have become more frequent since 1945. She argues that minorities who perceive an increase in their bargaining power will tend to radicalize their demands. Outlining the procession from affirmative action to regional autonomy to secession, Jenne describes the efforts of minority groups to attract ever greater concessions from their respective central governments.
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    The Psychology of Nuclear Proliferation: Identity, Emotions, and Foreign Policy
    (Ohio State University. Mershon Center for International Security Studies, 2008-02-25) Hymans, Jacques
    In this book, Hymans explores why few states have acquired nuclear weapons even though dozens have long been capable of doing so. He finds that the key to this surprising historical pattern lies not in externally imposed constraints, but in state leaders’ conceptions of the national identity.
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    Mershon Center for International Security Studies Furniss Book Award
    (2006) Becker, Cathy
    Each year, the Mershon Center for International Security Studies gives the Edgar S. Furniss Book Award to an author whose first book makes an exceptional contribution to the study of national and international security. The award commemorates the founding director of the Mershon Center, Edgar S. Furniss.
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    War and State Formation in Ancient China and Early Modern Europe
    (Ohio State University. Mershon Center for International Security Studies, 2007-02-26) Hui, Victoria Tin-bor
    Victoria Tin-bor Hui is Assistant Professor of Political Science at University of Notre Dame. She is author of "War and State Formation in Ancient China and Early Modern Europe" (Cambridge, 2005), winner of the Mershon Center's Edgar S. Furniss Book Award for an author whose first book makes an exceptional contribution to the study of national and international security. Hui will deliver a lecture based on her book, which demonstrates that from 656-221 B.C., China's government consisted of a system of sovereign territorial states similar to those in early modern Europe. This finding runs counter to the common belief that the roots of liberal democracy are unique to European civilization and alien to non-Western cultures.