Ask: Research and Methods. Volume 9, Issue 1 (2000)

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Procedura i-sort -- jej własności na podstawie badań tożsamości społecznych w Polsce i w Rosji [I-sort research procedure: its characteristics in Polish-Russian study of social identification]
Kosela, Krzysztof pp. 7-38
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Indywidualne wywiady pogłębione i zogniskowane wywiady grupowe -- Analiza porównawcza [Individual In-Depth Interviews and Focus Group Interviews - comparative analysis]
Nicinska, Magdalena pp. 39-50
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Problemy drażliwe w badaniach socjologicznych w Polsce [Sensitive questions in the Polish sociological research]
Lutynska, Krystyna pp. 51-63
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Dostępność respondentów [Respondent's availability]
Anuszewska, Izabella pp. 65-76
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Wpływ kategorii „Trudno powiedzieć" na wyniki analiz [Effect of answers "Do not know" on results of analysis]
Domanski, Henryk pp. 77-93
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Nieodpłatna praca kobiet i jej społeczno-kulturowy kontekst [Unpaid work of women and its socio-cultural context]
Titkow, Anna; Budrowska, Boguslawa; Duch, Danuta pp. 97-103
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Zastosowanie analizy korespondencji w badaniach społecznych i marketingowych [Correspondence analysis in social and marketing research]
Górniak, Jaroslaw pp. 115-134
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Recent Submissions

Now showing 1 - 7 of 7
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    Dostępność respondentów
    (IFiS Publishers, 2000) Anuszewska, Izabella
    The article concerns the problem of respondent’s availability in survey research. This problem is not new and, as such, was broadly discussed in literature. However it is still important as the primary condition of survey realisation itself. The researchers are still concerned for response rate decreasing which could make the conclusions drawn from surveys unacceptable. The basis for present analysis is data coming from survey conducted in 1998 on the national representative sample. The research was carried out for 12 months and finally researchers gathered 36000 interviews. SMG/KRC POLAND Media by the order of the three publishers (Gazeta Wyborcza, Rzeczpospolita and Super Express) conducted the study. The results show the systematic relationships between the respondents characteristics and their availability in survey research. The analysis assumed the searching for such features of respondents, which could explain availability of respondents. According to intuition persons advanced in years, with lower incomes, living in smaller towns are more often available in survey research. I tried also to describe season phenomenon concerning respondents availability--the conclusion can be drawn that there are slightly more chance to conduct the interview with planned respondent in the first quarter of a year and on weekends.
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    Nieodpłatna praca kobiet i jej społeczno-kulturowy kontekst
    (IFiS Publishers, 2000) Titkow, Anna; Budrowska, Bogusława; Duch, Danuta
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    Wpływ kategorii „Trudno powiedzieć" na wyniki analiz
    (IFiS Publishers, 2000) Domański, Henryk
    This analysis attempts to determine some important question concerning answers 'do not know' in survey research. We ask whether taking them into account in constructing variables affects results of analyses. Several decades of methodological studies on this question did not provide unambiguous conclusions. Here, we refer to the Polish data which come from the national random sample carried out in 1998. Our research question is as follows: does elimination of 'do not know’ answers in operationalization of some important variables bring significantly different results as compared with case when such categories are included. We check this with respect to selected, extensively used, scales measuring attitudes, such as self-reliance, support for the welfare state, tolerance for some extravagant behaviours (like homosexuality) and support for occupational activity of women. It shows that taking into account categories 'do not know' - in construction of scales pertaining to these attitudes - does not significantly affect validity and reliability of substantive results.
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    Problemy drażliwe w badaniach socjologicznych w Polsce
    (IFiS Publishers, 2000) Lutyńska, Krystyna
    This article consists of two parts: (i) theoretical which describes phenomenon of sensitivity, and (ii) empirical, based on research carried out by the author. Generally, I elaborate here on some problems concerning sensitive questions, both in quantitative and qualitative studies. One of the most important issues was to compare that kind of sensitivity that occurred in the past under communist regime, and nowadays--in the 1990s. As regards more detailed results of analysis it showed that the most sensitive questions concern incomes, earnings, material resources, additional jobs, savings, and other aspects of material status. These questions provoke lying (so-called "defensive lying"). In concluding remarks I attempt to discuss implications of the sensitive questions for validity of results.
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    Indywidualne wywiady pogłębione i zogniskowane wywiady grupowe -- Analiza porównawcza
    (IFiS Publishers, 2000) Nicińska, Magdalena
    I compare here Focus Group lnterviews (FGIs) - and Individual in-Depth lnterviews (IDIs) which are two most intensively applied qualitative techniques in marketing research. They differ mainly in application to different goals which implies different kind of data which are produced by them. FGl-s are used if one needs to observe how people behave in groups. This is purely explorative approach which aims at comprehensive analysis of behaviours, to get aggregated rather than individual picture of consumers. Another two reasons are that in using FGI we can have results very quickly and generate a number of creative ideas. lndividual in-Depth lnterviews, though, are used in research on problems concerning individuals themselves, when - bearing in mind peculiar research questions (like intimate problems or problems especially subjected to opinions of other persons) we are going to eliminate effect of the group.
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    Procedura i-sort -- jej własności na podstawie badań tożsamości społecznych w Polsce i w Rosji
    (IFiS Publishers, 2000) Koseła, Krzysztof
    One can provide results showing that social identities can account for various attitudes and behaviours. The problem was, however, how to recognise identifications in quantitative research carried out on big aggregates of individuals. In this article this procedure is called shortly I-sort. Social identity of a person is a system which psychologists could analyse with insight. The question staying behind the I-sort procedure, though, is: "who are you, what is important for you? lf you respond, a sociologist will tell you in what society you live". What needs methodological discussion is the switch from individuals' responses revealing elements of his/her unique composition of identity components to peculiar set of responses which makes the comparisons of societies possible. Data from Polish-Russian survey were used to illustrate analyses.