2006-07 Mershon Center Research Projects

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    Mershon Network of International Historians 2007
    (2007) Gurney, Ursula; Fink, Carole
    The Mershon Network for International Historians (MNIH) is a unique online association for scholars engaged in the study of twentieth century European international relations. The network’s mission is to foster intellectual discussion, research, and teaching in the field of European diplomatic history. Located at www.mnih.org, the network’s primary purpose is to promote collaborative research by scholars in international history. MNIH does this by announcing upcoming conferences around the world, listing recent publications in the field, publishing calls for papers, and publicizing fellowship and grant opportunities.
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    Passport: Newsletter of the Society for Historians of American Foreign Relations 2006-2007
    (2007) Lerner, Mitchell; Hahn, Peter
    Since 1969, the Society for Historians of American Foreign Relations Newsletter has provided a forum for the discussion of issues related to the practice of American diplomacy, while also presenting historians of U.S. foreign policy with a reliable source of professional information. In 2003, the newsletter was renamed Passport, and editorship passed to Peter Hahn and Mitch Lerner, with support from the Mershon Center. Passport’s purpose is: To print essays on substantive issues related to the study of American diplomacy, particularly those focusing on newly opened archival materials. To host debates among scholars. To offer detailed information regarding new publications, scholarly competitions and awards, calls for papers and contributions, and other relevant resources.
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    Comparative National Elections Project website 2007
    (2007) Lobo, Marina Costa; Magalhães, Pedro
    The Comparative National Elections Project (CNEP) currently includes 24 national election surveys conducted in 19 countries since 1990. It has evolved in three distinct phases: CNEP I, CNEP II, and CNEP III. All of these studies share a concern with the processes of intermediation through which citizens receive information about policies, parties, candidates, and politics in general during the course of election campaigns, thus reviving the long neglected research perspective of the “Columbia School” established by Paul Lazarsfeld and his colleagues in the 1940s and 1950s. Accordingly, survey questionnaires include batteries of questions dealing with flows of information through primary social networks (among family members, friends, neighbors, and co-workers), and secondary associations (especially trade unions, religious organizations, and political parties), as well as flows of information from the communications media.
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    Dissent Repression Nexus in the Middle East 2007
    (2007) Meyer, Katherine; Jenkins, J. Craig
    The Middle East is often seen as caught in a cycle of dissent and repression, influencing almost all aspects of existence. This “dissent/repression nexus” is crucial because the Middle East lies at the crossroads of three continents, contains vast natural resource reserves, and has spread conflicts to other parts of the world.
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    Comparative National Elections Project 2007
    (2007) Gunther, Richard
    The Comparative National Elections Project (CNEP) is a multi-year multi-county examination of how citizens in democracies around the world receive information about policies, parties, candidates, and politics during the course of election campaigns.
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    Jerusalem: Cultures and Communities in Contention conference
    (2006-11-27) Horowitz, Amy
    Jerusalem: Cultures and Communities in Contention brings together two Israeli and two Palestinian scholars for a working conference to complete a publication begun in the 1990s. Participants will review, critique and revise essays on cultural identities and practices in Jerusalem written under the auspices of the Smithsonian Institution's Jerusalem Project in light of events over the past decade. Two colleagues from the Smithsonian will join the working group. The publication will make a significant and timely contribution to questions that arise at the intersection of international security and cultural identity in disputed territories.
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    Living Jerusalem: Cultures and Communities in Contention
    (2006) Horowitz, Amy
    Begun by the Smithsonian Institution Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage, Living Jerusalem brings together scholars, students, and community leaders from Israel, Palestine and the United States. The project addresses questions that arise at the intersection of international security and cultural identity in disputed territories.
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    Conference brings Israeli, Palestinian scholars to Columbus
    (Ohio State University. Mershon Center for International Security Studies, 2006-11-20) Becker, Cathy
    "Jerusalem: Cultures and Communities in Contention" will be the subject of a conference held Nov. 27-28 at The Ohio State University's Mershon Center for International Security Studies. The working meeting brings together two Israeli and two Palestinian scholars to complete a manuscript begun in the 1990s.
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    Symbolic Opposition to the USA Patriot Act
    (2007) Slomczynski, Kazimierz
    In this project, Slomczynski asks what prompts some local governments but not others to engage in such symbolic protest. While most research into protest examines actions such as meetings, demonstrations and strikes on behalf of a specific constituency, much less attention has been paid to protest within state structures. Yet such protest can have great influence over national policy, including security policy. Slomczynski answers his question by using the rubric of policy innovation, or the adoption of rules by legislative units for whom those rules are new.
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    Ostpolitik and Israel, 1966-74
    (2007) Fink, Carole
    Fink hopes to write a balanced history that enlarges our understanding of Ostpolitik and West Germany’s role in the Middle East. In doing so, her book will unite the history of Central Europe during the Cold War with the contemporary history of the Middle East, linking the heir to the Third Reich with the homeland of its victims.
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    Terror's Fourth Wave
    (2006) Crenshaw, Edward; Jenkins, J. Craig
    In “Terror’s Fourth Wave,” Crenshaw and Jenkins focused on ethno-Islamic terrorism by sampling only countries with a sizeable Muslim population -– either 70 nations with populations at least 10 percent Muslim, or 40 nations at least 50 percent Muslim. The ultimate goal was to determine the motivations for ethno-Islamic terrorism, and whether these motivations differ by target. Crenshaw and Jenkins found four triggering factors: a large secular government, greater rights for women, dependence on Western military support, and a sizeable but not dominant Muslim population.
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    Reconstructing the Cold War
    (2006) Hopf, Theodore
    In Reconstructing the Cold War: Identities, Institutions and Interests in Moscow's Foreign Policy Since 1945, Theodore Hopf is undertaking an ambitious project: a social constructivist account of the Cold War.
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    Economic Impact of Terrorist Incidents on the Hospitality Industry in Italy
    (2006) Greenbaum, Robert; Hultquist, Andy
    This project examined the indirect costs of terrorism on the hospitality industry – thought most vulnerable to terrorist attacks – in Italy from 1994 to 1997.
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    War Planning 1914
    (2005) Hamilton, Richard; Herwig, Holger
    In The Pathology of War Plans, Hamilton and Herwig look at the plans of six European countries in the buildup to World War I. Austria-Hungary, France, Germany, Great Britain, Italy and Russia all developed, discussed and tested war plans. In all six cases, the plans were seriously flawed. Yet all six countries implemented them anyway. How did this happen? To answer this question, Hamilton and Herwig have asked six scholars to review each country’s plans leading up to World War I.
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    For Peace and Money: International Finance and the Triple Entente
    (2005) Siegel, Jennifer
    In For Peace and Money: International Finance and the Making and Unmaking of the Entente Cordiale, Jennifer Siegel examines French and British bank loans to Russia in the late imperial period, up to the Genoa Conference of 1922. The study will help explain the ways non-governmental players were able to influence policy both domestically and across national borders in the run-up to World War I.
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    World Handbook of Political Indicators IV
    (2007) Jenkins, J. Craig; Taylor, Charles Lewis; Abbott, Marianne
    The World Handbook of Political Indicators has been published by Yale University Press since 1963 to provide statistics and data to help scholars studying political processes and political change. While the handbook has been the dominant source for analyzing conflict and violence internationally, data collection for the last edition stopped in 1982. In this fourth edition, Jenkins and his team aim to bring the handbook current to 2003 and make the data available over the Internet. In the process, they have made several revolutionary changes that will prepare the handbook for 21st century research.
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    Violent Conflict, Environmental Degradation, and Food Security
    (2007) Hitzhusen, Fred; Jeanty, Pierre Wilner; Enver, Ayesha; Lungu, Oana
    This project is a multi-pronged effort into understanding the interplay of violent conflict, food insecurity, and environmental degradation. It will examine the effects of conflict on child malnutrition, the relationship between environmental degradation and food security using data from 71 developing countries, and the relationship between child trafficking, armed conflict, and child hunger.
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    Tracking the Rise of China and India
    (2007) Malecki, Edward
    In this project, Malecki will systematically track the growth of Chinese and Indian connections to the global economy. He will examine this growth through two dimensions: Chinese and Indian participation in global research and production networks, and the connections of the two countries and their major cities to the global Internet.
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    Segregation and Leadership in Groups
    (2007) Weinberg, Bruce
    In societies made up of several groups, at what point do the cultural identities of one group become transformed by interactions with another? When do groups self-segregate, and what does it take for them to integrate? Weinberg tackles these questions by examining the effect of overall size on sorting – that is, how big the overall society must get, and what the proportions of the groups must be, before groups start to self-segregate racially and ethnically. Weinberg uses data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health on segregation within schools to reach his findings.
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    Issues in Multi-Dimensional Legislative Bargaining: Collective vs. Particularistic Goods
    (2007) Kagel, John; Morelli, Massimo
    In this project, Kagel and Morelli examine legislative bargaining on two dimensions -– particularistic goods and collective goods, or public interest goods that benefit society as a whole. The results of their two game theory experiments run counter to what standard economic theory predicts for legislative bargaining, prompting Kagel and Morelli to provide alternative explanations for these phenomena.