Culture Conflict Between Moonshiners and the Government: An Explanation of Jury Nullification and Nolle Prosequi in Illicit Alcohol Offenses in Rural Communities Green, Egan K.
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(Ohio State University. Libraries, 2016-06) Weisheit, Ralph A.
Much of the research on rural crime has focused on the U.S. In recent years, however, there has been a dramatic increase in rural crime research in other regions of the world. This paper will report the results of a systematic review of rural crime research conducted outside of the United States. The review identifies common themes, including the manner in which rural is defined, the types of crime examined, and the methodology employed.
(Ohio State University. Libraries, 2016-06) Serenari, Christopher; Peterson, M. Nils
Illegal take of wildlife is a complex and growing phenomenon, influenced by various factors. Scholars have paid limited attention to structural influences, however. We examine the structural processes that influence illegal take behavior in rural areas of the southeastern USA. Engaging historical and contemporary qualitative data from the region, we first identify that struggles between a rural hunting sub-culture and outsiders over the meaning and governance of human-wildlife interactions in rural areas emerged from several sociopolitical shifts. We then associate illegal take behavior performed by the rural hunting sub-culture with a radicalization framework consisting of injustice, vulnerability, superiority, and distrust. Regulators should not be surprised by the occurrence of illegal take behavior because sociopolitical factors contributed to delegitimization of wildlife law among the sub-culture. Engaging sub-culture gatekeepers in ways that limit exclusionary wildlife governance and imposition of external values may moderate negative outcomes caused by major sociopolitical shifts.
(Ohio State University. Libraries, 2016-06) Green, Egan K.
The distillation, distribution and use of illicit alcohol have historically been widely accepted in many rural communities. A conflict has long existed between this community acceptance and the law. As a result, agents attempting to enforce alcohol violations pertaining to moonshine have historically been frustrated by their inability to gather posses, find witnesses and win convictions in court. This article uses data collected from qualitative interviews to examine how this social acceptance of illegal behavior has contributed to this frustration and demonstrates how cultural conflict explains why prosecutors decline to prosecute defendants for criminal offenses, an act commonly referred to in legal circles as nolle prosequi decisions, as well as examples of jury nullification.
(Ohio State University. Libraries, 2016-06) Jones, F. Matt
This article explores the relationship between rising rates of violent crime and suicide in the oil producing region of western North Dakota during a time of rapid expansion for the oil extraction industry. The objectives of this article are: (1) to introduce the preliminary findings of a larger study that examines the rising rates of crime and other social problems within the socioeconomic context that currently exists in the oil extracting regions of western North Dakota; and (2) on a theoretical level, Durkheim’s theory of anomie is discussed and proposed as an explanation for the rising rates of crime and suicide that have accompanied the growing oil industry.
(Ohio State University. Libraries, 2016-06) Hayes, Rebecca M.; Dathorne, Souyenne; Taylor, Cedric
To our knowledge, there has been little research on sexual assault on the island of St. Lucia, with official statistics demonstrating a low prevalence rate. If official statistics are low, governmental and non-governmental organizations can continue to ignore the problem. The current study conducted interviews with survivors regarding their experiences of reporting their sexual violence. The results indicated that survivors were not disclosing to formal agencies. Additionally, participants indicated that they would like to see increased resources for sexual violence survivors on island.