Ask: Research and Methods. Volume 3, Issue 1 (1996)

Permanent URI for this collection

Sondaże telefoniczne [Telephone surveys]
Sawinski, Zbigniew pp. 7-36
Article description | Article Full Text PDF

Miejsce biografii w socjologii interpretatywnej. Program socjologii biografistycznej Fritza Schutzego [The location of biography in an interpretative sociology. Program of biographistic sociology by Fritz Schütze]
Rokuszewska-Pawelek, Alicja pp. 37-54
Article description | Article Full Text PDF

Szacowanie i kontrolowanie wpływu ośrodka badawczego w analizach dynamiki nastrojów społecznych [Estimation and control of an "effect" of the research firm in an analysis of dynamics of social feelings]
Klarkowski, Andrzej pp. 55-70
Article description | Article Full Text PDF

Stabilność odpowiedzi w badaniach socjologicznych [Stability of responses in survey research]
Domanski, Henryk; Dukaczewska, Aleksandra pp. 71-90
Article description | Article Full Text PDF

Badanie alfabetyzmu funkcjonalnego dorosłych [Research on functional illiteracy of adults]
Swierzbowska-Kowalik, Ewa; Gulczynska, Hanna pp. 93-104
Article description | Article Full Text PDF


Recent Submissions

Now showing 1 - 5 of 5
  • Item
    Badanie alfabetyzmu funkcjonalnego dorosłych
    (IFiS Publishers, 1996) Świerzbowska-Kowalik, Ewa; Gulczyńska, Hanna
  • Item
    Stabilność odpowiedzi w badaniach socjologicznych
    (IFiS Publishers, 1996) Domański, Henryk; Dukaczewska, Aleksandra
    We are dwelling, here, with analysis of stability in responses given by respondents during one interview. Stability is referred to reliability of questions. We point out some determinants of changes in answering the same questions during the interview and consequences of these changes for validity of data. The analysis is based on data from research carried out on national samples, that of: (i) the Polish General Social Surveys 1993 and 1994 (conjoined with International Social Survey module), and (ii) 'Changes in views of Poles' done in 1995 by the Institute of Philosophy and Sociology of the Polish Academy of Sciences.
  • Item
    Szacowanie i kontrolowanie wpływu ośrodka badawczego w analizach dynamiki nastrojów społecznych
    (IFiS Publishers, 1996) Klarkowski, Andrzej
    Seven public opinion indices which hod been measured in parallel in representative samples by at least two public opinion centres for at least 12 months were selected from a pool of findings of public opinion studies conducted in Poland after 1990. Similarity of the values of indices measured at the same point in time and similarity of the dynamics of these values were determined. A high degree of similarity was found, thus confirming the reliability of the indices and trustworthiness of the polling centres. Different polling stations obtained similar index values but their estimates of change were contaminated by a greater level of error. Analysis of variance, with the values of the indices as dependent variable and time of assessment and polling firm as independent variables, revealed significant and systematic differences between the findings of the different firms. Analysis of variance for a research programme realized simultaneously by two firms (identical research instruments, equivalent samples, similar time of realization) confirmed the existence of systematic differences in the findings ("polling firm effect"). The fact that such a "polling firm effect" was found justifies the need to conduct parallel opinion polls in those cases when the diagnosis is particularly important as well as the need to apply statistical techniques facilitating the control of differences due to the "polling firm effect".
  • Item
    Miejsce biografii w socjologii interpretatywnej. Program socjologii biografistycznej Fritza Schutzego
    (IFiS Publishers, 1996) Rokuszewska-Pawełek, Alicja
    This is some overview of the interpretative approach in research on biographies as well as changes in dealing with this. I focus, here, on presentation of the theoretical- methodological conception by Fritz Schütze, as being one of the most influential and well-developed proposals within this sociological orientation. I discuss in turn: basic assumptions of this conception, its theoretical categories, specific technique of collecting data (i.e. by means of narrative interview), procedure of analysis, and main directions of empirical research in this area.
  • Item
    Sondaże telefoniczne
    (IFiS Publishers, 1996) Sawiński, Zbigniew
    Telephone surveys come to be more widely used in the 1970s, paralleling increase in application of computer techniques in the survey research. In the second half of the 1980s telephone surveys started to replace traditional face-to-face interviews. In this paper I overview basis of organization of telephone surveys. lts core resides in assistance of computer programs. They include, among others, modules of: questionnaire's edition, automatic selection of the phone number of respondents, control of the way of interviewing and running a session as well as final organization of data. Telephone surveys are based on some specific methods of sampling designs as adjusted to requirements of this technique. In comparison to traditional face-to-face interview, they offer much more possibility as regards control of interviewers - they are required some other skills and qualifications. In view of these differences, the quality of data collected in face-to-face interviews and telephone surveys differs as well. In conclusion, I attempt to draw some prospects of development of the telephone survey technique in Poland.