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Selected Entries from the Lucius Clark Smith Diaries,
30 July 1862 to 31 December 1862


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     0004      Wednsday[sic] Wednesday July 30th 1862

     0005      to day John
     0006      and me Hawled Hay all day ½ day in
     0007      the Barn ½ on a stack dad and Newton
     0008      are mowing. verry[sic]very warm and we need
     0009      rain the Ground is rapidly Drying up
     0010      after so mutch[sic]much Hard [lonng?] [sic]long rains.

     0011      Thursday 31st July 1862
     0012      forenoon

     0013      Hawled up my Lumber from
     0014      the mill afternoon Helped in the
     0015      Hay. still very Hot.

     0016      Friday August 1st 1862

     0017      Helped in the
     0018      Hay and oats all day the oats are
     0019      of But litle[sic]little account they are rusted
     0020      Bad and withe[sic]with the Help of the bugs
     0021      Have nearly Destroyed It we left part
     0022      of It in the field
     0023      as not being worth cutting.

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     0024      Saturday August 2nd 1862

     0025      Helped at
     0026      Hay & oats untill noon Hawled in the
     0027      oats in the Barn. afternoon Went up to
     0028      Robertses withewith John as He is going to
     0029      sta[ . . . ] y and Help Him we had all calcu
     0030      lated on going up and Helping Him a
     0031      Day also but could not get our own
     0032      Done in time ours will take Monday next
     0033      Yet. and my Cane works are beginning
     0034      to press me I must get at them or I
     0035      will not be ready in time I fear.
     0036      Got Home in the eavning[sic]evening. [there?] was
     0037      a war meeting at Albany this afternoon
     0038      two Recruits were obtained Gill Collins
     0039      was out to Speak I was told. I went to
     0040      see Mr. Bennit who has a horse power
     0041      witch[sic]which He sayes[sic]says I can [Halve?] [sic]have.
     0042      very Hot and
     0043      Dry we need rain so bad Corn is
     0044      Drying up Bad It seems to Dry up so
     0045      quick I Hope we will Have rain Soon.

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     0046      Sunday August 3d 1862

     0047      Wrote a
     0048      letter to Sam Smith and done my diary
     0049      Writing went over to Millers Eavning[sic]Evening
     0050      Went to se[sic]see [Hiram?] Smith as He
     0051      is to start south tomorow [sic]tomorrow Having got
     0052      His pass. still verry[sic]very warm.

     0053      Monday 4th
     0054      and Tues 5th Aug 1862

     0055      Worked at my
     0056      Building Newton & Father finished
     0057      the Hay and thrashed out some wheat
     0058      night Tues John come sick Having a
     0059      Had a slight touch of bowel complaint.
     0060      Todayes[sic]Today's papers Tuesday Brings and
     0061      order from the Secretary of War
     0062      calling for an unconditional Draft of
     0063      three hundred thousand more men
     0064      in addition to the same amount of
     0065      volunteers previously called for
     0066      some time ago. the order was issud[sic]issued yester
     0067      day morning. that amount of men will Tell
     0068      Hard on the people

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     0069     
     0070      Wednsday 6th Aug 1862

     0071      last night
     0072      Had a good rain to day Newton
     0073      John & me quarried and Hawled stone from
     0074      Cambells Hawled five loads. They are for
     0075      my well night went over all of us to a
     0076      party at Roll Eavens there was a great
     0077      cr lcrowd there. But a poor party as
     0078      old Anna would not let them play. They
     0079      paraded around in the lane untill
     0080      late and dispersed the Girls Having a
     0081      lot of spoiled dresses

     0082      Thursday 7th

     0083      Newton & me worked at my Building
     0084      finished cleeting[sic]cleating all of it and arranged
     0085      things about the building dad went
     0086      to mill Mother and girls went along
     0087      Black baring[sic]berrying

     0088      Frid 8th
to day I went
     0089      to see a coupel[sic]couple of Horse powers and engaged
     0090      one of Daniel Bennit got my Horse shod
     0091      Newton Hawled stone for me

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     0092      Saturday 9th Aug 1862
morning
     0093      went to Columbus got Gilbert Collins
     0094      to put my property over in the old Mans[sic]Man's
     0095      Hands so that if I am drafted I He
     0096      can take care of it for me and them
     0097      Patent Right men can also stand
     0098      off. Went out to Garret Grovenberies
     0099      and staid all night. GJoseph Hand
     0100      Wm Have both Enlisted for fear of
     0101      the Draft this afternoon Had a good
     0102      Rain.

     0103      Sunday 10th Aug 1862

     0104      morning came Home got Home at noon
     0105      We Have Had a nice rain went over
     0106      to see John Dague about Digging my
     0107      well as He promised to do it But
     0108      the [cite?] to get Him to do it is verry[sic]very
     0109      slim verry[sic]very pleasant day
     0110      But awfull[sic]awful Lonesome

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     0111      Monday Aug 11th 1862.

     0112      Morning John
     0113      and I went up near Center and got my
     0114      Horse power for my mill It has to bee[sic]be
     0115      Rewooded anew. Afternoon Newton commen
     0116      ced to dig the well and I finished diging[sic]digging
     0117      ditches arround[sic]around the House Had a tremen
     0118      duous Headache to day.

     0119      Tues 12

     0120      John Dug at the Well. forenoon Homer
     0121      and me Hawled stone out of the crick
     0122      Afternoon Hawled a load of wood to
     0123      Albany for Dad and Hawled up a
     0124      load of saw Dust and put it in my
     0125      new cane Hous[sic]House for the party tomorow[sic]tomorrow
     0126      night fixed up seats and arranged things
     0127      Newton & Dad made a sinck[sic]sink and spout
     0128      for the well to carry the water under the
     0129      ground down the Hill

     0130     
     0131      Wednsday[sic]Wednesday 13th Aug [/?] 62

     0132      To day all went to the Celebration
     0133      Sunday school except Dad and Augustine

     0134      forenoon Mr Taft gave the Sunday school a
     0135      Lecture after Dinner we Mr Cancey Olds
     0136      Sam Cox Sam Galaway made War
     0137      speaches[sic]speeches there was a large turnout of
     0138      people several thousand Eavning[sic]Evening riged[sic]rigged
     0139      up the cane House with lights I put up
     0140      three Coal oil Lamp on the Beams and
     0141      It made it verry[sic]very light and nice there was a
     0142      Large turnout over a Hundred and we
     0143      Had a right good party as to the place
     0144      It was a perfect love of a place for a
     0145      party. It lasted untill midnight. I was
     0146      tired near out by standing arround[sic]around
     0147      all day at the Celebration and then at
     0148      the party.

     0149      Thursday Frid and Saturday
     0150      August 14, 15 and 16th 1862

     0151      Wm Yantus John and I worked
     0152      at the Well we got it some over [23?] ft
     0153      deep when It began to cave quite bad
     0154      and we Had to either curb it up or
     0155      wall up and as there was quite a good

     0156      stream of Water came in about ten
     0157      feet from the top we concluded we
     0158      Had as well wall up we dug nearly
     0159      14 ft in Blue Clay and then did not
     0160      get through I think we would have
     0161      got water in four or five feet more
     0162      By saturday night we got it walled
     0163      up to within 8 ft of the top Father Has
     0164      Been at work rewoo ↑ d ↓ ing my Horse power
     0165      Newton Hawled some manure and helped
     0166      Father some. quite cool nearly frost
     0167      for several mornings

     0168      Sunday 17th Aug 1862

     0169      to day all
     0170      Went to Basket meeting
     0171      Except John and Augustine. Homer
     0172      Rhoda and Thornton Wells were down
     0173      Henry has enlisted Considerable feeling
     0174      seems to manifest itself among the
     0175      Democrats of the Country because Dr
     0176      E.B. Olds Has been arrested and

     0177      sent to Ft Layfaett[sic]Fort Lafayette for Treason
     0178      able language. But people Dare
     0179      not say mutch[sic]much as people are ready to
     0180      Report them and Have them arrested
     0181      any time a person cannot get out of
     0182      His County without a pass and a
     0183      Bond of a thousand Dollars persons
     0184      trying to get away can be arrested and
     0185      put right into the ranks. Enlisting
     0186      is quite Livly[sic]lively.

     0187      This week commencing
     0188      with Monday 18 and Ending with
     0189      Saturday 23d August 1862

     0190      John and I walled
     0191      up my well made a platform
     0192      got out a pump stick Helped Bill
     0193      More make the pump and put it in
     0194      It works verry[sic]very well and looks verry[sic]very well
     0195      It cost me $6.7 [8?] as follows 28 ft at 20 cts
     0196      per foot = 5.60 Irons 60 John to Help
     0197      bore 361 ¼ work I done and it back Leather
     0198      for it 25 Besides my work and

     0199      Johns Moles Bill amounted to five
     0200      Dollars. Paid Him in cash two
     0201      Dollars last three dollars He is to
     0202      take in molasses or molassess making
     0203      John and me Hawled of the
     0204      Well dirt on the road done a good
     0205      job of work completed my work of this
     0206      year and last two. put a Box and
     0207      underground spouting to my well.
     0208      the pump lathe. monday night went
     0209      to a party to Isaacs Smith Tues to [give
     0210      mias?] and Wednsday[sic]Wednesday night to a war
     0211      meeting at Albany. I subscribed $3.00 to
     0212      a Bounty fund for our Township Lewis
     0213      Bell and Harrison Smith and some
     0214      four or five others Have enlisted
     0215      John Has some notion of Enlisting in the
     0216      company now raising But I guess He
     0217      will Hardly go. Father finished the
     0218      Wooding the horse power Mother and
     0219      Him went up to aunt Elizas Caroline
     0220      is yet sick. Newton & John finished
     0221      Hawling manure

     0222      GMcClellan has retreated to Yorktown
     0223      and Pope since the battle of Culppeper
     0224      Court House has also fell back in the
     0225      west the Rebels seem to be pressing North.
     0226      Weather cool and very Dry had
     0227      onel litle[sic]little shower but it is very Dry the
     0228      corn is not earing so as to make a
     0229      half crop the ground seems to not
     0230      stand a Drouth as at other times

     0231     
     0232      Sunday Aug 24th1862

     0233     
     0234      staid Home forenoon afternoon
     0235      Went to see George Wilson Him and
     0236      4 others Have Just got Home from
     0237      the army Having been Discharged
     0238      Esau Rice came Hear[sic]here He is one of
     0239      the Discharged ones Him and I
     0240      went to Albany to meeting at night
     0241     
     0242     
     0243     

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     0244      Monday 25 August 1862
     0245      moforenoon
     0246      Went to see Mr Souders to get Him
     0247      to come and Help me make my
     0248      Doores[sic]doors and to Jersey to [Monroes?] to
     0249      get a pair of Boots made. afternoon
     0250      worked at my Building Newton hawled
     0251      Wood half day finished Hawling I now
     0252      Have over 40 fortyfourty[sic] cords of good
     0253      Wood Enough I think to do me.
     0254      Father is putting up the Cellar Door
     0255      He has had one made a loung[sic]long time.
     0256      as loung[sic]long as the House has been built we
     0257      Have had no dor doore[sic]door to the Cellar.

     0258      Tues 26
     0259      to day went to West
     0260      erville to see about getting some casting
     0261      done got me a good set of truck wheals[sic]wheels
     0262      for a carraige[sic]carriage to Hawl cane on they
     0263      are cast Iron as good as new I got
     0264      them the same as old Iron. Painted
     0265      my pump and the Box to It and

     0266      Hawled some gravel arround[sic]around the
     0267      Well It is now rigged nice. the young
     0268      folks are agoing to Had another
     0269      party at night the cane House
     0270      large attendance as before But there
     0271      Have been so many parties that they
     0272      are getting an old thing the Boyes[sic]boys go
     0273      for good, for camp tomorrow
     0274     

     0275      Wednsday[sic]Wednesday 27th Aug 1862
     0276      worked at my House at my [stream?]
     0277      spout put up the timbers and arranged
     0278      them. Eavning[sic]Evening Samual[sic]Samuel Smith and
     0279      His mother and Frank Lane and Wife
     0280      came. Boyes[sic]Boys doing nothing mutch[sic]much only
     0281      cutting some wood. Had a Little sprinkle
     0282      of rain.

     0283      Thursday 28
     0284      To day spent the day
     0285      with the folks went awhile to Roll Eavenes
     0286      Ben Souders came on and worked at the
     0287      Doores[sic]doors of my Buildings. quite cool.

     0288      In the country since the proclimation[sic]proclamation of the
     0289      Draft, all manner of ailments are brought
     0290      up. I Hope the Draft will not be put
     0291      off But will come off on the [3rd?] of sept.
     0292      If I have to go I want to know it and
     0293      be off if not I want to know it so as
     0294      to know what to calculate on.
     0295     

     0296      Sunday august 31st 1862
     0297      staid Home
     0298      all day Had a swad of
     0299      girls Hear[sic]here all they like the side saddle
     0300      a little well. night went to meeting to
     0301      Albany Heard Hurlocker[sic]Horlocker preach. seen
     0302      Sam and Frank L Lane they did not go
     0303      Home yesterday as aunt Hariet was u sick
     0304      will tomorrow. To day it seems as if
     0305      evry[sic]every thing would die for want of
     0306      Rain corn and cane and grass is as
     0307      near dead as need be and the Dust on the
     0308      Road is almost unsupportable. Augustine
     0309      last week Had a tower of fits1 getting Better
     0310      now

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     0311      Monday September 1st 1862
     0312      for the week ending sat Sept 6th

     0313      Worked at my cane House all
     0314      the week except Thursday to Saturday
     0315      Souders Helped me one day we put
     0316      up the Doorers[sic]Doors Built a [stream?] spout
     0317      as far as the Lumber went put stalls in
     0318      my stowing House & ect[sic]etc Father Helped
     0319      me one day made a pattern for a cast box
     0320      sto sit under the end of each pan across
     0321      the furnace. Thursday Father & me went
     0322      to Columbus after alot of things got my
     0323      cast cog wheal[sic]wheel a cistern pump and various
     0324      other things caluclated to get my sheet iron
     0325      But could not finde[sic]find any to suit me
     0326      & colu concluded to wait untill next
     0327      week. Sat or latter Friday night Homer
     0328      and me went over to uncle Lewises and staid
     0329      all night and sat morning went to westerville
     0330      to get my castings went North of town a
     0331      some distance and got my counter shaft
     0332      turned and Charley was prety[sic]pretty near ready to

     0333      melt I got my paterne in just in time to
     0334      get it done that day. got Home sometime
     0335      after night. I got a new lock cast to my
     0336      mill to suit my Horse power rig five boxes
     0337      to put under the pans one furnace front
     0338      and grates two cast Wheals[sic]wheels making a total
     0339      of 484 lbs at 4 cts per lb = $19.36 He
     0340      owed me $9.46 leaving me His Debt
     0341      a Sum of $10.20. adding 30 cts to turning of
     0342      a wheal[sic]wheel to His credit I begin to feel in
     0343      a tremdious[sic]tremendous Hurry about getting ready
     0344      operations. next week I must Drive
     0345      it Hard. first of the week a little
     0346      rain not enough to Hardly be seen the next
     0347      day though with a little frost. last of the
     0348      week very warm and Dry. off south of
     0349      us they Have had rain But North of us
     0350      none corn is Drying up on the ground &
     0351      some are cutting it up pastures are Dead
     0352      all say that It Has not been Dry for a
     0353      long time if ever the streams are that is
     0354      Blacklick is all Dred[sic]Dried up only a very few
     0355      spots or Holes

     0356      as for the War Mon & Tues brought
     0357      Hard news our forces after sieries[sic]series of hard
     0358      fights at Manasses[sic]Manassas and there abouts Have
     0359      fallen back on the fortification at or
     0360      near Washington. at Richmond K.Y. [ . . . ]
     0361      we met with a perfect rout our forces
     0362      being seven thousand [strong?] all being
     0363      raw undrilled troops the 95 Ohio was
     0364      Badly cut up taken prisners[sic]prisoners and then Paroled
     0365      and sent Home The Rebels under Gen Smith
     0366      are adadvancing under on to Cincinnatii
     0367      the city is put under martial Law also the
     0368      Neighboring twowns[sic]towns all the state is making
     0369      a big effort to save the city. the Rebels have
     0370      for the first time got into Ohio a[sic]at Galipoliease[sic]Gallipolis
     0371      Every thing seams[sic]seems against us
     0372      But I still Hope for Better times yet
     0373      Drafting is put off untill the 16 inst
     0374      the girls went up this week
     0375      and got green pass. aunt Eliza and
     0376      Thornton stopped all night on Friday
     0377      on their way from Columbus.

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     0378      Sunday Sept 7th 1862

     0379      staid arround[sic]around
     0380      Home all day rather Lonesome Wrote a
     0381      Letter to samual Smith. Columbus Ohio.

     0382      Monday 8

     0383      To ↑ day ↓ Father Newton
     0384      and me put down the Horse power and
     0385      partly rigged it to the mill.

     0386      Tues 9

     0387      morning Homer & me went to Delaware
     0388      after sheet Iron they manufacture pans
     0389      up thare[sic]there and as I could not get
     0390      suitabble[sic]suitable Iron in Columbus I con
     0391      cluded to try up thare[sic]there I got quite good
     0392      Iron 30 inches wide by 8 & 9 ft loung[sic]long
     0393      for 8 cts perr[sic]per lbs witch[sic]which useto[sic]used to oly onley[sic]only
     0394      cost 6 But the stopping of mills &
     0395      the tax Law makes all Iron Higher
     0396      stoped[sic]stopped at Rodney Smiths and seen a
     0397      coupel[sic]couple of old school mates of Delaware
     0398      Had a good time withe[sic]with them we staid
     0399      all night at Mr Keelers near Center

     0400      Who is also a sorghem[sic]sorghum manufacture

     0401      Wedns 10 Sept 1862

     0402      morning came on Home got the Log Wagon
     0403      and in the afternoon Hawled two logs and
     0404      got them sawed and Hawled the lumber
     0405      Home. Father is at work for me and was
     0406      yesterday. very Hot and so Dry It
     0407      seams[sic]seems as if evry[sic]every thing would Dry up.
     0408     

     0409      Thursday 11

     0410      Morning Early went to albany and got George
     0411      Goodrich to do me some turning Father &
     0412      me worked at the works all day George
     0413      Helped afternoon Uncle Lewis was
     0414      Hear[sic]Here to dinner. Eavning[sic]Evening had a nice
     0415      shower of rain.

     0416      Frid 12.

     0417      Morning Dad & me and Eliza went to Columbus
     0418      I went after various things for my Cane works
     0419      see cash List went past Grovenberies
     0420      and got a Horse of Him to work my mill
     0421      got Home Late at night. I Borrowed $10.00

     0422      of Gilbert Collins. thare[sic]there is a great
     0423      stir of people going to Cincinnati to
     0424      Defend the place people take thir[sic]their own
     0425      Guns & Rig and as they please thousands
     0426      are going. the govener[sic]governor is already refusing
     0427      them

     0428      Sept 18th[sic]13th 1862

     0429      finished my steem[sic]steam sheet and Father
     0430      and me got the Horse power and mill in
     0431      as we Hope running order it seams[sic]seems at
     0432      least to move quite well But not quite
     0433      as well as I would like But still I
     0434      Hope It will do well as It will be two[sic]too
     0435      Late to Refix anything well.
     0436      Eavning[sic]Evening went down
     0437      In Jeferson[sic]Jefferson to Carpenters to get his work
     0438      done and a sheet Iron spout or top made
     0439      for my Chimney. the litle[sic]little rain is prety[sic]pretty
     0440      well Dried up up already. the Boyes[sic]Boys have
     0441      Been cutting corn this week as It is all Dried
     0442      up especialy[sic]especially on High ground. pastures are
     0443      Dead. Dried up. no seeding done yet.

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     0444      Sunday Sept 14th 1862

     0445      staid arround[sic]around Home
     0446      all day.

     0447      for the week Ending Sept 20th 1862

     0448      this week put
     0449      My Cane House matters
     0450      through as far as I could from day light
     0451      to dark Hawled 1850 brick montgomery
     0452      laid my furnaces Carpenter made me a
     0453      sheet Iron top of 8 ft to put on my
     0454      Chimney a tin pump & some other things
     0455      and riveted my sheet Iron together
     0456      Father Helped me all the week George good
     0457      rich three days [ . . . ] when He got sick
     0458      Him & Father made boat pans nearly
     0459      [car?] to Hawl cane on and laid the
     0460      track made feed table riged[sic]rigged a pumice
     0461      carrier to the mill and various things
     0462      It Has been a week Hard work for us all
     0463      Boyes[sic]Boys got the corn all cut up and went
     0464      up to aunt Elizas Friday. verry[sic]very warm
     0465      and no rain. we now have plenty of Peaches
     0466      and drying them

     0467      Mclelan[sic]McClellan Has succeed in driving
     0468      out the Rebels out of meriland[sic]Maryland2
     0469      after some of the severest fiting[sic]fighting of
     0470      the war Cincinnati Has
     0471      been saved from the Rebels and
     0472      things look better.
     0473      still no rain
     0474      warm and pleasant very
     0475     

     0476      Sunday sept 21st 1862

     0477      Staid arround[sic]around
     0478      Home all day untill eavning[sic]evening when a
     0479      parcel of us took a Ride Horse
     0480      Back

     0481      for the week ending
     0482      saturday
     0483      sept 27th 1862
this week Father
     0484      George and me worked all the week
     0485      from day light untill dark at the
     0486      Cane House and got It nearly ready to
     0487      Run finished the pans painted them
     0488      put them on finished the furnaces

     0489      made cooler and tank and painted
     0490      them also the whealbarows[sic]wheelbarrows I got two
     0491      new ones made made lids to the coolers
     0492      made a crane to lift off my finishing
     0493      pan withe[sic]with put down pipping[sic]piping put up
     0494      pumps put down wash water Boyes[sic]Boys
     0495      put up a ten foot steem[sic]steam p spout
     0496      on the House and various things
     0497      Newton Helped me one day and one
     0498      day went to Grovenberies after a load
     0499      of corn for me we now Have
     0500      things riged[sic]rigged in good still I only
     0501      they will work well and not break
     0502      especialy[sic]especially the mill I tried that It seams[sic]seems
     0503      to work well. I ought to Have
     0504      been ready this week so as to experimen
     0505      ted some But if evrything[sic]everything goes right I
     0506      am in time yet thare[sic]there Has some over
     0507      thirty loads of cane came in this week
     0508      we Had quite a feast Wedns and Thursday
     0509      witch[sic]which made Them bring in cane [Mr Lainy?] will
     0510      not be ready untill near a week yet

     0511      I expected from the fact that we have
     0512      to Hitch the Horse so close to the power
     0513      in order to go inside of the Building
     0514      fixed in an
     0515      other arm so as to put on this Horses
     0516      Evning[sic]Evening ground out some and [Hunted?] up
     0517      another Horse.

     0518      Wednsday[sic]Wednesday October 1 1862

     0519      Early at It again put on three Horses
     0520      and pushed the grinding But all we could
     0521      do we cannot make Juice enough the
     0522      mill grinds very fast But the cane is
     0523      verry[sic]very Hard and [sone?] Dry not verry[sic]very Juicy
     0524      and verry[sic]very sweet and takes verry[sic]very litle[sic]little
     0525      Boiling consequently the main thing is to
     0526      grind It I now wish I Had a larger
     0527      mill Hired one [Longmas?] Boyes[sic]Boys of 14 years ↑ age ↓

     0528      Thursday
     0529      Oct 2

     0530      Today about three oclock Broake[sic]Broke
     0531      my counter shaft that runs on top of the
     0532      timbling shaf[t] witch[sic]which is geared to the mill

     0533      It did not Break But twisted all
     0534      up like you would twist a switch
     0535      It was but 1½ inches thick as large as
     0536      we could Have It on account of the
     0537      Eyes in the [Wheels.?] Made 63 gallons
     0538      worked about ¾ day fixed to go to tw
     0539      Columbus. I am nearly tired to death
     0540      Having been going most nights and day.
     0541     

     0542      Friday 3 Oct 1862

     0543      4 oclock Father & I started for town
     0544      for the purpose of getting a new shaft at a
     0545      new mill we concluded a new shaft would
     0546      stand a good chance of braking[sic]breaking again and
     0547      conclude to get a new mill Bought one of
     0548      John L. Gill and son for 88 dollars a verticle[sic]vertical
     0549      mill of 14 inch loung[sic]long Rolls Large Roll 12 in
     0550      ches in Diameter It seams[sic]seems like a verry[sic]very
     0551      stout stanch[sic]starch mill I Had to pay 8 Dollars more
     0552      than I would Had to pay before the tax law went
     0553      into Effect It is not fare to make the
     0554      customer pay all the Tax by no means

     0555      Eavning[sic]Evening tore up the Horse power
     0556      and cleaned out the House. unloaded
     0557      the mill It weighs 1100 lbs

     0558      Saturday
     0559      Oct 4th 1862

     0560      Morning as soons[sic]soon as light all Hands to work
     0561      putting up the mills George Dick Newton
     0562      Father & myself we put up [boath?] mills in the
     0563      Same House put sweeps on them Put down
     0564      more piping so as to Run [Boath?] R mills Juice
     0565      into the cistern the old mill we saved all
     0566      the tackling of last year so that it took but
     0567      a short time to put It up got nearly
     0568      Ready to Run again forenoon Had quite
     0569      a nice shower of Rain Cane Has come in
     0570      verry fast this week I now Have on Hand
     0571      about or over a Hundred Wagon Loads of Cane.
     0572      It Has been verry warm all the
     0573      Week warm as July and so Dry I never
     0574      Before seen scarsley[sic]scarcely any seeding done yet
     0575      I feel nearly used up Tired out,

[Page - 27  (click to open page image in a new window)]

     0576      Sunday Oct 5th 1862

     0577      Staid arround[sic]around Home all
     0578      day only to go down to See Sagers about
     0579      making me Some Barrels. Warm and pleasant
     0580      still no Rain. Last week we
     0581      Had a small little rain enough to lay the
     0582      Dust. I dont mutch[sic]much look for rain this fall.
     0583      Scarsley[sic]Scarcely any Wheat is Sowed yet.
     0584     

     0585      For the Week Ending Oct "/62
     0586      [ Sunday?] morning

     0587      Early finished fixing the mills
     0588      and went to work. they work well. we drove
     0589      It through as Hard as we could all the
     0590      week and made 458 gallons average per
     0591      day 46 ⅓ last weeke we made 203 ½
     0592      average 58 1/7 this week George Goodrich &
     0593      me done the Boiling. George tending the clensing
     0594      pans and I the finishing pan. Homer
     0595      and Thomas Longman feed the mills and
     0596      Newton tends them. carries Cane and Wheals
     0597      off premises. Next week I shall put

     0598      Newton in my place as It is two[sic]too Hard
     0599      for me to finish and oversee all the Buisness[sic]Business
     0600      and put another Hand in His place the Cane
     0601      Has just Rolled in all the week untill all
     0602      my places to put it are filled up.

     0603      Sunday 12 Oct 1862

     0604      Staid arround[sic]around
     0605      Home all day plenty of visitors all day at the
     0606      Cane House.

     0607      For the Week ending Oct 18th ↓ 1862 ↑

     0608      This week we first Drove Buisness[sic]Business right
     0609      through all the week we made 550 ¼ gallons
     0610      of molasses and of the Best Kind. averag[sic]average 91 17/24
     0611      we made one day 119 ¼ gallsgallons we done some
     0612      finishing in the eavning[sic]evening and But little this
     0613      week Has been somewhat cooler so that we
     0614      can grind juice and leave it in the cistern
     0615      overnight last week we could not as it
     0616      would in a short time sour three Hands in
     0617      Boiling and three grinding my well Has given
     0618      out and we Have to get all our water out of
     0619      the Spring down the Hill. I now wish

     0620      that I Had went Deeper with my well.
     0621      still Dry and some frost
     0622      the Cane Has still continued to come right
     0623      [along?] although I have tried to Discourage It.
     0624      I now Have near a months work and Hand the
     0625      Yard is nearly filled. I Have been Having the
     0626      Diptheria all the week and quite Bad so
     0627      as to be very unable at times to Keep up still I
     0628      made out to Keep Buisness[sic]Business agoing. Had Dr Rainy
     0629      to Docter me. Father mashed His Had[sic]Hand verry[sic]very bad
     0630      last week in putting down a cider Barrell in the
     0631      Cellar. got some of my cane cut up in shock
     0632      this week. george Wilson and george Daily Helped
     0633      george Wilson tending the mill Boyes Daily in
     0634      the cane patch. first frost of any account
     0635      was friday morning.

     0636      Sunday 19.

     0637      Staid all arrnd[sic]around
     0638      Cane House all Eavning[sic]Evening quite cold
     0639      Expect a freeze.

[Page - 30  (click to open page image in a new window)]

     0640      For the week Ending Oct 25 1862

     0641      This week Drove
     0642      the Business as fast as we could made
     0643      579 gallons. we Had some considerable bad
     0644      Luck most every day. Burt[sic]Burst one of the pipes
     0645      out that went under one of the furnaces my
     0646      Tin pump gave out and I sent to Columbus
     0647      and got me a new one and Thurs day we
     0648      Broake[sic]Broke the old mill one th of the sides
     0649      and as it cannot well be fixed it is in a bad
     0650      fix when the mill was made at Lancester
     0651      the company Have moved away and I will
     0652      Have to get it fixed some time by the old piece
     0653      or get a pattern made. put a sweep to the new
     0654      mill so as to put on two Horses3
     0655      But they would not work well so we run
     0656      one Horse awhile and then changed and run the
     0657      mill all night never stoped[sic]stopped it for anything
     0658      and by so doing made up for two mills but still
     0659      not quite so well as two mills more unhandy
     0660      after all mishaps we made out to get out our
     0661      average dayes work but Had to work Hard for it

     0662      got my cane cut up on Monday sunday
     0663      night It froze quite Hard and I am
     0664      fear my cane may spoil before I get to work it
     0665      Yet I will risk It cane still comes I am
     0666      not though taking any new jobs. george
     0667      Wilson Has been Helping me this week to grind
     0668      Him and Tomy Homer do the grinding george
     0669      Goodrich & Newton & me the Boiling my time
     0670      However is Dividid[sic]Divided arround[sic]around at all works
     0671      this week Mr Long called arround[sic]around with
     0672      Mr Day patentee as now and of the right of
     0673      [Cooks?] pans and wanted me to pay Him
     0674      $37 Dollars the price of one His pans of the same
     0675      size as mine. i told him I would give $10.00
     0676      and no more. He would not take It and
     0677      went off. saying Hee would sue me shure[sic]sure.
     0678      Warm and Dry up to Sat morning
     0679      When it Drizzled rain most all day and
     0680      turned to snow at night and snowed like
     0681      fury all night.
     0682     
     0683     

[Page - 32  (click to open page image in a new window)]

     0684      Morn Sunday Oct 26th 1862

     0685      morning real winter snow
     0686      from five to eight inches Deep and cold
     0687      cleaned up the House carried in cane worked
     0688      most all Day night got a coupel[sic]couple of Hands
     0689      and ground all night I Have to Have night
     0690      Hands to grind as the day Hands could not
     0691      Stand it.

     0692      For the Week ending
     0693      November 1st 1862 Saturday

     0694      This Week Had good luck made 636 ½
     0695      gallons of Exty[sic]Extra good molasses. Mon I went to
     0696      Hunt a mill but could not find any wednesday
     0697      I got F Tuesday I got Father to go down
     0698      to shafers as He has throwen[sic]thrown out His mill
     0699      like mine and Borrowed the piece to match
     0700      my Broken one and wednesday we put it up
     0701      and went it along the old way Better
     0702      Believe I was glad. Thornton Wells helped
     0703      me this week. He cut and Hawled wood as
     0704      I will not Have enough. george Wilson & the
     0705      little boyes done the grinding

[Page - 33  (click to open page image in a new window)]

     0706      Sunday 2nd November 1862

     0707      Staid arround[sic]around cane House an[sic]and cleaned
     0708      up and put things to Rights John & me
     0709      afternoon Had quite a
     0710      Rain a nice shower but still Dry
     0711      midnight commenced grinding.

     0712      For the week
     0713      Ending November 8th 1862
made this week
     0714      785 gallans molosses. we Boil untill Bed
     0715      time each night and some of the time untill
     0716      10 oclock. Hire extry[sic]extra Hands to grind
     0717      Half of the night comence[sic]commence Boiling by day
     0718      light. Thornton Wells Helped me this
     0719      week. some lots of cane that was froze
     0720      a before cutting soured this week
     0721      Had some very cold Blustry[sic]blustery wether[sic]weather.
     0722      . Made one day from morning untill
     0723      15 minutes to ten oclock 152 gallons
     0724      and we was on no Race worked
     0725      as usual.
     0726     
     0727     

[Page - 34  (click to open page image in a new window)]

     0728      For the Week Ending Nov 15th 1862

     0729      This week made some over 700 gallons
     0730      Had to get up some more wood I got
     0731      up a lot last week But Is not going
     0732      to be enough. Thornton Had to quit
     0733      George Wilson Helped me this week.
     0734      Had considerable trouble in getting
     0735      Barrells cant get them made.

     0736      Sunday Nov 16 1862

     0737      Today did not clean up as useal[sic]usual
     0738      Laied arround[sic]around Butifull Day
     0739      clear warm and pleasant this
     0740      week our spring prety much give out
     0741      as we Have to water all our Horses
     0742      out of It Besides what we use, most
     0743      all the wells in the county are out
     0744      or low. Old aunt Peggy Smith
     0745      Wednesday night. Died
     0746     
     0747     
     0748     
     0749     

[Page - 35  (click to open page image in a new window)]

     0750      For the Week Ending Novem 22 ↑ 1862 ↓ Saturday

     0751      Got done Boiling
     0752      Thursday night at
     0753      12 oclock worked up 16 shocks of my cane
     0754      that I got cut Before the frost made
     0755      some 80 gallons of It the rest is spoiled
     0756      Enough to make some two Hundred
     0757      Gallons to me quite a loss as I worked so
     0758      Hard for It Frid and sat we cleaned
     0759      up. clensed up some skinnings but they did
     0760      not make verry good molasses. In all we have
     0761      Made 4402 ¾ Gallons. Monday Morning It
     0762      comenced to Rain and rained untill Thursday
     0763      Morning almost Day and night part of the
     0764      time only mist and part of the time real hard
     0765      rain It started the crick a Litle. the rain
     0766      Came Bad on us as we were out of Dry
     0767      wood and Had to cut and Burn Green
     0768      wood. But we all done and I am Glad
     0769      only one thing vexes me. Garrets old mare the
     0770      last day we worked run loose in the yard
     0771      and Went in my [stowing?] House and

     0772      Went to pass from one stall to the other
     0773      the dividing stick or scantling Being about
     0774      four feet High or Higher perhaps a litle[sic]little
     0775      she got part way and tried to Raise up
     0776      and I suppose Has sprained Her Back
     0777      as she cannot get up by all the Help
     0778      we can raise Hind parts Halpless[sic],
     0779      John saw her go under and took Her out
     0780      By loos[e] ning the stick. sat night sone[sic]some
     0781      15 or 20 of us met at the Cane House and
     0782      chose up for a Squirel[sic]squirrel Hunt myself and
     0783      Reese Eavens Chose up the side failing
     0784      to produce as many scalps as the othe[r] are to
     0785      treat to cigars aples[sic] apple & cider Next
     0786      Wednsday[sic] Wednesday is the day set.

     0787      Sunday 23 Nov 1862

     0788      Morning went up and seen Savage a
     0789      Horse Doctor about the old mare He
     0790      said I might Just well Kill Her first
     0791      as last so I came Home and
     0792      shot Her. Hiram Smith came
     0793      Home last night pleasant Day

     0794      Monday 24 November 1862
     0795      Morning Hawled[sic] hauled
     0796      the old mare away and cut Her open on
     0797      the Back and found Her Back Broken the
     0798      small Ridge Bone Just under the skin,
     0799      It was Brok[sic] broken about two inches from
     0800      the End at the Hips toward the Head.
     0801      I am very sorry for the old mare as I have
     0802      taken extry[sic]extra care of Her Because Garret
     0803      thought a great deal of Her. she was in
     0804      first rate order in fact fat. But
     0805      so it is. fixed arround[sic]around at my cane
     0806      House went and spoke for me a Gun
     0807      very nice Weather.
     0808      Aunt Eliza and Thorton came down with
     0809      a Misses Montgomery a sister of uncle Dave
     0810      Beaches Wife. and a young man on their
     0811      way to Robertses. Hawled down our Bead[sic]bed from the cane House

     0812      Tues 25 Nov 1862
     0813      To day got my gun a double Barreled
     0814      shot gun and fixed for the Hunt
     0815      nice prety[sic]pretty day only cool

     0816      Wednsday 26th November 1862
     0817      Snowed most all day and cold the
     0818      Meanest Kind of a Day. Our Hunt went
     0819      off But It was an awfull[sic]awful time for It
     0820      My Side However came out Best Having
     0821      23 wild Scalps and the other side 18. as
     0822      game was Scarse[sic]scarce several Wild ↑ Tame ↓ Turkeys
     0823      were Killed. one Wild one was Killed by
     0824      Wm Strait. night we Had our Treat
     0825      aples[sic]apples Cider and cigars the Beaten Side
     0826      pa[y] ing for It we won some 14 on a side
     0827      shot at candles and ect[sic]etc. until Late.
     0828      for the Rest of the Week to Sat 29th
     0829      Done but Litle[sic]little setled[sic]settled some accounts went
     0830      to Jersey after a pair of Boots and Ect[sic]etc.
     0831      cold & Blustry[sic]blustery all week most.
     0832      Made my Returns the U.S. asessor[sic]assessor on my
     0833      molasses Buisness[sic]business sum total of all
     0834      Manufactured was Wagon
     0835      Loads 358 ½ No of Gallons 4402 ¾
     0836      four thousand four Hundred and two
     0837      and ¾ gallons molasses

     0838      Total valuation $987.00
     0839      counting that made at 20 cts value 20 cts
     0840      and that made on the Half. my Half at 50 cts
     0841      pur[sic]per gallon about Half I made was on
     0842      the Halves I Have sold to the Best of
     0843      my accounts 281 gallons.
     0844      I Have now on
     0845      Hand some over 57.00 seven ↑ seven ↓ Hundred gallons
     0846      to sell. I find some a very Large Loss by
     0847      shrinkage and other wayes[sic]ways. we Have at
     0848      several times lost considerable by forgetting
     0849      Barrells, Lending out and making customers
     0850      good, It is a new Buissness[sic]business to most people
     0851      and we Have to cheat ourselves to Keep on
     0852      the right side of customs. I Have sold
     0853      perhaps over the abovve[sic]above amount
     0854      considerable But that is all I could
     0855      finde on when making up my riturns[sic]returns
     0856      an this year we will be more [caucious?] [sic]cautious
     0857      and perhaps with the tax Law.
     0858      and Be better prepaired[sic]prepared to meet It.
     0859     

     0860      Sunday 30 November 1862
     0861      Yesterday Misses
     0862      Montgomery came to stay over Sunday
     0863      with us on Her Road Home
     0864      John Coons and Wife are Hear[sic]here.
     0865      nice prety[sic]pretty day staid Home all
     0866      Day.

     0867      For the Week Ending
     0868      Sat Novem [sic] Decem
     0869      6th 1862
Monday morning went to
     0870      Columbus with Dennis Strait and
     0871      Back the same Day. Done nothing
     0872      mutch[sic]much all the week setled[sic]settled up with
     0873      all that I could Farther[sic] Father & Mother and
     0874      Newton went to Columbus I sent in the
     0875      pay for my new mill $8800 I Have
     0876      Squared up with most all my Debts
     0877      and Have some $80.00 left yet.
     0878      got me some new things monday also.
     0879      got my Horse shod got me a pair
     0880      of coarse Boots of Monroe cleaned up

     0881      A Lot of Cane seed I Have a nice
     0882      Lot of It and good. Boyes[sic]Boys Husked
     0883      some corn most to[sic]too cold and dry.
     0884      nice Weathe[r] all week first part
     0885      clear and quite warm Last part cold
     0886      and Blustry[sic]blustery snow. Saturday real cold
     0887      murcury[sic]mercury nearly to zero.
     0888     

     0889      Sunday Decem 7th 1862

     0890      staid Home all day real Winter
     0891     

     0892      For the Week Ending Saturday
     0893      Decem 13th 1862.
Monday George
     0894      Goodrich and me went and to uncle
     0895      Lew ↑ i ↓ ses and staid all night walked over
     0896      nice walking. Tuesday morning went over
     0897      to Worthington and then by the cars4 to
     0898      Delaware George to ↑ a ↓ Mr Watterman abo
     0899      ut working for Him at the f[l] our mill Buis
     0900      ness[sic]
Busi
     0901      ness
I went to get a Job of collecting of Him
     0902      to Do But He Had got a Hand. Evening
     0903      went to see some old Friends of when I use[d]
     0904      to go to school there

     0905      Wedns forenoon went to see a large
     0906      cane mill at the foundry Made some two
     0907      years ago for the South But witch[sic]which never
     0908      got Down. It was a very large mill wighing[sic]weighing
     0909      some 88 Hundred lbs the Large roll being
     0910      3 ft in Lenth and 2 ft in Diameter with
     0911      five Small rolls under. But there was
     0912      several Deficiencies about It witch[sic]which would
     0913      Have to [be] altered before I would want It
     0914      came down in the afternoon to Columbus.
     0915      cars full of Soldiers Yesterday we Road up
     0916      with Parson Brauenlow of Tenn.
     0917      Heard Him talk & ect.
     0918      Thurs went and seen Gills the ones I
     0919      Bought my mill of they are getting a new
     0920      large mill they wanted Bad to [sell?] me
     0921      one Had an offer of 48 cts [per?] gallon
     0922      for my molasses all of it. But I must
     0923      Have 50 cts seen a pair of Twin
     0924      Children from a Black Woman and a
     0925      White man one white White and the other
     0926      Black. Got Home just after night

     0927      Friday staid [arround[sic]around?] the House all Day
     0928      nearly sick. Father & Mother went up to Robertses
     0929      Boyes Husked corn. Eaving went to see Mr
     0930      Wilson about getting Him to go with me tomor
     0931      ow to [ . . . ] that Dead Horse of Grovenberies
     0932      as He was Hear[sic]here on Monday Before I went away
     0933      and we could not agree and we agreed to each
     0934      pick a man and Let them settle It for
     0935      us. Saturday Morning Mr. Wilson & I
     0936      went down to Squire Martins in Jeferson
     0937      TP. to meet Garret. He was there but
     0938      failed to Bring His man as He said He
     0939      was sick. But I guess He did not want to
     0940      a settle it as some one Has put a new
     0941      Idea into His Head that He could come
     0942      under the Head of a Borrowed Horse and
     0943      get all Damages. while under a Hired Horse
     0944      He must loose all. He now sayes He
     0945      Lent me the mare But ↑ He ↓ Lies shure. He came
     0946      Down from 75$ to 50$ I offered His $30 [.00?]
     0947      But He refused It so we came Home.
     0948      It Has Been Excellent Mill wether[sic]weather all

     0949      The Week untill to Day It rained most
     0950      all Day. loads Dry and Dusty nice as
     0951      Summer first of the week real cold
     0952      and warm Gradualy[sic]gradually untill it rained. Sat

     0953      For the Week Ending Sat 20th 1862

     0954      Mon & Tues rain & Snow uncle Lewis Beach
     0955      Staid all night us Boyes caught a coon with our
     0956      Dog. Made our Hunting arrangements Reese
     0957      Eavens & I we are the captains we Have 39
     0958      on each Side Wednesday went up to aunt Elizas
     0959      staid two nights came Home Friday and
     0960      went to Columbus seen Gill He found out by
     0961      writing to the Clerk of the U.S. court at Cleav
     0962      land that I am Sued by those Patent
     0963      right men. Sat went to [Grovenberris?] He
     0964      was not at Home Left word for Him to
     0965      come & see me. most all the Week real
     0966      Cold Weather. George Goodrich moved to
     0967      Delaware.
Sunday Decem 21st 1862
     0968      Went to Mr. Wilsons part of the Day and
     0969      to Meeting to Albany at night
     0970      pleasent Day warmer

[Page - 45  (click to open page image in a new window)]

     0971      For the Week Ending Sat Decem 27th ↑ 1862

     0972      Monday Garret Grovenbery came up and
     0973      I traded my two year old colt off to Him
     0974      for His old Dead Horse for three Dollars
     0975      toboot. I got the three Dollars whereas I
     0976      ought to Have Had 25$ at least But I
     0977      Dont want a Difaculty[sic]difficulty with Him if I Beat
     0978      Him at Law I would cost me nearly as mutch[sic]much
     0979      as to setle[sic]settle It. to Day snow is going off warmer
     0980      Tues Homer & I Hunted all Day got ten
     0981      Squirrels they are more plenty than I Have
     0982      Known them for years there is plenty of Beach[sic]Beech
     0983      mast
     0984      Wednesday all us Boys Went out
     0985      I Have Mr Longmans shot gun I like it very
     0986      mutch I can take them running so nice seen
     0987      several of my men about going Hunting tomorow[sic]
     0988      We want to Beat if Posible[sic]possible. went to
     0989      albany after the paper We are now taking the
     0990      Daily again our Fredricksburg[sic]Fredericksburg Defeat Does
     0991      not turn out so Disasterous[sic]disastrous for us as was
     0992      at first thought. There Has been trouble
     0993      in the cabinet Tendering of Resignations
     0994      and Ecet[sic]etc.

     0995      Thursday Christmas morning as
     0996      soon as light all Hands out Hun
     0997      ting the woods is full of Hunters
     0998      we got 8 or 10 Squirrel apiece and one
     0999      Turkey John Shot that. Eavning I went
     1000      to Albany and tended to the game as
     1001      It came In Kept an account of each
     1002      mans Game Brought in my Side footed up
     1003      to 312 Scalps we had three wild turkeys
     1004      Bodies and two scalps Brought in on our
     1005      Side while the Reeses party only got one
     1006      turkey counted 10 scalps squirrel one Quail
     1007      one [Rabaet?] [sic]Rabbit 2 and ect according to value
     1008      of the thing, we Beat them over one Hundred
     1009      Scalps. They treated all Hands to the
     1010      oysters witch[sic]which was the agreement Eavning[sic]Evening
     1011      Set in and rained Been warm for several
     1012      Dayes. Monroes Boyes staid all night with us
     1013      they were on my Side I am glad the Hunt is over
     1014      as I Have spent considerable time so as not to
     1015      get Beat seeing my men and making arrangements

     1016      for It what we Hunted fbefore Hand we did not
     1017      save only a [fiew?] [sic]few the Day before. a worse fared
     1018      fellow than Reese Eavens I never seen.
     1019      Frid rained most all Day took my gun Home
     1020      Sat went Hunting with Charley & Hiram Smith
     1021      night all Hands went Coon Hunting got one
     1022      and now I think I Have Hunted enough
     1023      for me and I must quit. Boyes sawed wood
     1024      some withe a sawing machean[sic]machine they Have riged[sic]rigged
     1025      to the Horse power I Had to my cane mill

     1026      Sunday 28 Sept ↑ December ↓ 1862
Staid Home all day
     1027      wrote a Letter George Goodrich Delaware Ohio
     1028      Went to meeting to Albany at night.

     1029      Monday 29
prepared some things towards digging
     1030      my well Deeper went to mill Boyes & Dad
     1031      are sawing Wood with the sawing machean[sic]machine

     1032      Tueasday[sic]Tuesday 30 Decem 1862
Rained and snowed all
     1033      Day and snowed all night a perfect storm from
     1034      the North Eavning[sic]evening went up to Mr. Wilsons and Hite
     1035      smiths

     1036      Wednsday[sic]Wednesday 31st 1862 morning
snow some
     1037      8 to 10 inches Deep But not cold Helped Boyes
     1038      saw wood part of the Day Eavning turned quite
     1039      cold Went to albany and Bought a Sack of flour
     1040      as we are out and did not Raise Wheat enough
     1041      for our own use poor arraingment[sic]arrangement. Dance
     1042      to Wilkinses to night.

Explanatory Annotations

1. In the mid to late nineteenth century, fits could refer to any number of mental, physical, or moral problems. Essays on morality frequently referred to “fits of passion,” where the fits represented inappropriate, even sinful, behavior. It is more likely, however, that Lucius was alluding to a physical or mental condition of “falling fits” or “nervous diseases” such as epilepsy. A medical understanding of epilepsy existed by this time, though its causes and treatment remained open to much speculation. ("The Boy who had 'Fits'""Westminster Hospital") [Back]

2. Smith is here referring to the Maryland Campaign, wherein contemporary sources describe Confederates crossing the Potomac River, invading Maryland, and taking over the city of Frederick on September 7, 1862 ("Invasion"). This led to the Battle of Antietam on September 17th, considered today to be one of the major turning points in the Civil War, wherein Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan led the Army of the Potomac to a decisive victory, forcing Gen. Robert E. Lee to order a withdrawl across the Potomac on September 18th. A September 20, 1862, dispatch from the Headquarters of the Army of the Potomac states, "The name given to this battle is the Antietam. After our forces occupied the whole field, the rebel loss was found to be far greater, particularly in killed, than was at first supposed. Fully two thousand five hundred were found lying on the field, while a larger number had been buried the day before by their friends. Their loss in killed and wounded men will not come far from eighteen thousand to twenty thousand" (qtd. in "Retreat"). [Back]

3. Lucius Smith's use of the word "Horse," in the context of his mill, usually refers to "horsepower." Horsepower, as it is understood today, is a unit for measuring power. The engines that drove sugar mills in the 1860s could have various range of horsepower: "an engine of 20 horse-power will drive a sugar mill having rollers 5 feet long and 28 inches diameter...An engine of 18 horse-power will work a mill 4 ½ feet long and 26 inches diameter..." (Brande and Cox 643). Smith's truncation of horsepower to "horse," which was a familiar usage in the nineteenth century (see Bourne 501), draws attention to the analogy of the output of steam engines with the power of horses that informed the unit of measurement. [Back]

4.  In context, this could only refer to a trip by rail; Worthington and Delaware were consecutive stops on the branch of the New York Central Railroad that connected Columbus with Cleveland. What is less clear however, is whether this refers to buying a ticket on the Cleveland, Columbus and Cincinnati Roalroad that provided passenger service between the two cities, or simply getting a ride on a freight train passing through. However, if we accept historical averages of price per mile for the region at this time, the trip would likely cost 45 to 50 cents per man, and this at a time when average daily income was near 80 cents. Given Smith's usual cost-consciousness, it is unlikely he or Goodrich would have paid so much to ride the 15 miles from Worthington to Delaware when they were willing to walk the same distance from New Albany to Worthington earlier in the same day. [Back]


List of Works Cited

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About this View of the Journal

This view combines facsimiles of manuscript pages with diplomatic transcriptions of the Smith Diaries. Clicking on a page image will open a zoomable view of that page in a new window In the diplomatic transcription, line breaks and page breaks reflect those in the letters; paragraph breaks are not reported. Spelling, punctuation, capitalization, and abbreviations are reported as they appear in the original letters. Text highlighted by correspondents with an underscore is underscored in this view. Recoverable cancellations are reported in red, strikethrough text. Interlinear additions are reported between arrows (↑ ↓) indicating the position of the addition; text added in the margins is reported between pipes (|). All material added by the editors is surrounded by square brackets: uncertain readings are followed by a question mark, apparent errors in the manuscript are indicated by "sic," and text supplied by the editors for clarity is set in italics. Gaps in the manuscript (e.g., tears, unrecoverable cancellations) are noted by ellipses within square brackets. Links to explanatory notes are indicated by superscript colored numbers.


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Created: 2015-12-01