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Selected Entries from the Lucius Clark Smith Diaries,
30 July 1862 to 31 December 1862

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Wednsday[sic] Wednesday July 30th 1862

to day John and me Hawled Hay all day ½ day in the Barn ½ on a stack dad and Newton are mowing. verry[sic]very warm and we need rain the Ground is rapidly Drying up after so mutch[sic]much Hard [lonng?] [sic]long rains.

Thursday 31st July 1862 forenoon

Hawled up my Lumber from the mill afternoon Helped in the Hay. still very Hot.

Friday August 1st 1862

Helped in the Hay and oats all day the oats are of But litle[sic]little account they are rusted Bad and withe[sic]with the Help of the bugs Have nearly Destroyed It we left part of It in the field as not being worth cutting.

Saturday August 2nd 1862

Helped at Hay & oats untill noon Hawled in the oats in the Barn. afternoon Went up to Robertses withewith John as He is going to sta[ . . . ] y and Help Him we had all calculated on going up and Helping Him a Day also but could not get our own Done in time ours will take Monday next Yet. and my Cane works are beginning to press me I must get at them or I will not be ready in time I fear. Got Home in the eavning[sic]evening. [there?] was a war meeting at Albany this afternoon two Recruits were obtained Gill Collins was out to Speak I was told. I went to see Mr. Bennit who has a horse power witch[sic]which He sayes[sic]says I can [Halve?] [sic]have.

very Hot and Dry we need rain so bad Corn is Drying up Bad It seems to Dry up so quick I Hope we will Have rain Soon.

Sunday August 3d 1862

Wrote a letter to Sam Smith and done my diary Writing went over to Millers Eavning[sic]Evening

Went to se[sic]see [Hiram?] Smith as He is to start south tomorow [sic]tomorrow Having got His pass. still verry[sic]very warm.

Monday 4th and Tues 5th Aug 1862

Worked at my Building Newton & Father finished the Hay and thrashed out some wheat night Tues John come sick Having Had a slight touch of bowel complaint. Todayes[sic]Today's papers Tuesday Brings an order from the Secretary of War calling for an unconditional Draft of three hundred thousand more men in addition to the same amount of volunteers previously called for some time ago. the order was issud[sic]issued yesterday morning. that amount of men will Tell Hard on the people

Wednsday 6th Aug 1862

last night Had a good rain to day Newton John & me quarried and Hawled stone from Cambells Hawled five loads. They are for my well night went over all of us to a party at Roll Eavens there was a great crowd there. But a poor party as old Anna would not let them play. They paraded around in the lane untill late and dispersed the Girls Having a lot of spoiled dresses

Thursday 7th

Newton & me worked at my Building finished cleeting[sic]cleating all of it and arranged things about the building dad went to mill Mother and girls went along Black baring[sic]berrying

Frid 8th

to day I went to see a coupel[sic]couple of Horse powers and engaged one of Daniel Bennit got my Horse shod Newton Hawled stone for me

Saturday 9th Aug 1862

morning went to Columbus got Gilbert Collins to put my property over in the old Mans[sic]Man's Hands so that if I am drafted He can take care of it for me and them Patent Right men can also stand off. Went out to Garret Grovenberies and staid all night. Joseph and Wm Have both Enlisted for fear of the Draft this afternoon Had a good Rain.

Sunday 10th Aug 1862

morning came Home got Home at noon We Have Had a nice rain went over to see John Dague about Digging my well as He promised to do it But the [cite?] to get Him to do it is verry[sic]very slim verry[sic]very pleasant day But awfull[sic]awful Lonesome

Monday Aug 11th 1862.

Morning John and I went up near Center and got my Horse power for my mill It has to bee[sic]be Rewooded anew. Afternoon Newton commenced to dig the well and I finished diging[sic]digging ditches arround[sic]around the House Had a tremenduous Headache to day.

Tues 12

John Dug at the Well. forenoon Homer and me Hawled stone out of the crick Afternoon Hawled a load of wood to Albany for Dad and Hawled up a load of saw Dust and put it in my new cane Hous[sic]House for the party tomorow[sic]tomorrow night fixed up seats and arranged things Newton & Dad made a sinck[sic]sink and spout for the well to carry the water under the ground down the Hill

Wednsday[sic]Wednesday 13th Aug [/?] 62

To day all went to the Celebration Sunday school except Dad and Augustine forenoon Mr Taft gave the Sunday school a Lecture after Dinner Mr Cancey Olds Sam Cox Sam Galaway made War speaches[sic]speeches there was a large turnout of people several thousand Eavning[sic]Evening riged[sic]rigged up the cane House with lights I put up three Coal oil Lamp on the Beams and It made it verry[sic]very light and nice there was a Large turnout over a Hundred and we Had a right good party as to the place It was a perfect love of a place for a party. It lasted untill midnight. I was tired near out by standing arround[sic]around all day at the Celebration and then at the party.

Thursday Frid and Saturday August 14, 15 and 16th 1862

Wm Yantus John and I worked at the Well we got it some over [23?] ft deep when It began to cave quite bad and we Had to either curb it up or wall up and as there was quite a good stream of Water came in about ten feet from the top we concluded we Had as well wall up we dug nearly 14 ft in Blue Clay and then did not get through I think we would have got water in four or five feet more By saturday night we got it walled up to within 8 ft of the top Father Has Been at work rewooding my Horse power Newton Hawled some manure and helped Father some. quite cool nearly frost for several mornings

Sunday 17th Aug 1862

to day all Went to Basket meeting Except John and Augustine. Homer Rhoda and Thornton Wells were down Henry has enlisted Considerable feeling seems to manifest itself among the Democrats of the Country because Dr E.B. Olds Has been arrested and sent to Ft Layfaett[sic]Fort Lafayette for Treason able language. But people Dare not say mutch[sic]much as people are ready to Report them and Have them arrested any time a person cannot get out of His County without a pass and a Bond of a thousand Dollars persons trying to get away can be arrested and put right into the ranks. Enlisting is quite Livly[sic]lively.

This week commencing with Monday 18 and Ending with Saturday 23d August 1862

John and I walled up my well made a platform got out a pump stick Helped Bill More make the pump and put it in It works verry[sic]very well and looks verry[sic]very well It cost me $6.7 [8?] as follows 28 ft at 20 cts per foot = 5.60 Irons 60 John to Help bore 31 ¼ work Leather for it 25 Besides my work and Johns Moles Bill amounted to five Dollars. Paid Him in cash two Dollars last three dollars He is to take in molasses or molassess making

John and me Hawled of the Well dirt on the road done a good job of work completed my work of this year and last two. put a Box and underground spouting to my well. the pump lathe. monday night went to a party to Isaacs Smith Tues to [give mias?] and Wednsday[sic]Wednesday night to a war meeting at Albany. I subscribed $3.00 to a Bounty fund for our Township Lewis Bell and Harrison Smith and some four or five others Have enlisted John Has some notion of Enlisting in the company now raising But I guess He will Hardly go. Father finished the Wooding the horse power Mother and Him went up to aunt Elizas Caroline is yet sick. Newton & John finished Hawling manure

McClellan has retreated to Yorktown and Pope since the battle of Culpeper Court House has also fell back in the west the Rebels seem to be pressing North.

Weather cool and very Dry had one litle[sic]little shower but it is very Dry the corn is not earing so as to make a half crop the ground seems to not stand a Drouth as at other times

Sunday Aug 24th1862

staid Home forenoon afternoon Went to see George Wilson Him and 4 others Have Just got Home from the army Having been Discharged Esau Rice came Hear[sic]here He is one of the Discharged ones Him and I went to Albany to meeting at night

Monday 25 August 1862


Went to see Mr Souders to get Him to come and Help me make my Doores[sic]doors and to Jersey to [Monroes?] to get a pair of Boots made. afternoon worked at my Building Newton hawled Wood half day finished Hawling I now Have over 40 fortyfoty[sic] cords of good Wood Enough I think to do me. Father is putting up the Cellar Door He has had one made a loung[sic]long time. as loung[sic]long as the House has been built we Have had no doore[sic]door to the Cellar.

Tues 26

to day went to Westerville to see about getting some casting done got me a good set of truck wheals[sic]wheels for a carraige[sic]carriage to Hawl cane on they are cast Iron as good as new I got them the same as old Iron. Painted my pump and the Box to It and Hawled some gravel arround[sic]around the Well It is now rigged nice. the young folks Had another party at night the cane House large attendance as before But there Have been so many parties that they are getting an old thing the Boyes[sic]boys go for good, for camp tomorrow

Wednsday[sic]Wednesday 27th Aug 1862

worked at my House at my [stream?] spout put up the timbers and arranged them. Eavning[sic]Evening Samual[sic]Samuel Smith and His mother and Frank Lane and Wife came. Boyes[sic]Boys doing nothing mutch[sic]much only cutting some wood. Had a Little sprinkle of rain.

Thursday 28

To day spent the day with the folks went awhile to Roll Eavenes Ben Souders came on and worked at the Doores[sic]doors of my Buildings. quite cool. In the country since the proclimation[sic]proclamation of the Draft, all manner of ailments are brought up. I Hope the Draft will not be put off But will come off on the [3rd?] of sept. If I have to go I want to know it and be off if not I want to know it so as to know what to calculate on.

Sunday august 31st 1862

staid Home all day Had a swad of girls Hear[sic]here all they like the side saddle a little well. night went to meeting to Albany Heard Hurlocker[sic]Horlocker preach. seen Sam and Frank Lane they did not go Home yesterday as aunt Hariet was sick will tomorrow. To day it seems as if evry[sic]every thing would die for want of Rain corn and cane and grass is as near dead as need be and the Dust on the Road is almost unsupportable. Augustine last week Had a tower of fits1 getting Better now

Monday September 1st 1862 for the week ending sat Sept 6th

Worked at my cane House all the week except Thursday to Saturday Souders Helped me one day we put up the Doorers[sic]Doors Built a [stream?] spout as far as the Lumber went put stalls in my stowing House & ect[sic]etc Father Helped me one day made a pattern for a cast box to sit under the end of each pan across the furnace. Thursday Father & me went to Columbus after alot of things got my cast cog wheal[sic]wheel a cistern pump and various other things caluclated to get my sheet iron But could not finde[sic]find any to suit me & concluded to wait untill next week. Sat or latter Friday night Homer and me went over to uncle Lewises and staid all night and sat morning went to westerville to get my castings went North of town some distance and got my counter shaft turned and Charley was prety[sic]pretty near ready to melt I got my paterne in just in time to get it done that day. got Home sometime after night. I got a new lock cast to my mill to suit my Horse power rig five boxes to put under the pans one furnace front and grates two cast Wheals[sic]wheels making a total of 484 lbs at 4 cts per lb = $19.36 He owed me $9.46 leaving me His Debt a Sum of $10.20. adding 30 cts to turning of a wheal[sic]wheel to His credit I begin to feel in a tremdious[sic]tremendous Hurry about getting ready operations. next week I must Drive it Hard. first of the week a little rain not enough to Hardly be seen the next day though with a little frost. last of the week very warm and Dry. off south of us they Have had rain But North of us none corn is Drying up on the ground & some are cutting it up pastures are Dead all say that It Has not been Dry for a long time if ever the streams are that is Blacklick is all Dred[sic]Dried up only a very few spots or Holes as for the War Mon & Tues brought Hard news our forces after sieries[sic]series of hard fights at Manasses[sic]Manassas and there abouts Have fallen back on the fortification at or near Washington. at Richmond K.Y. we met with a perfect rout our forces being seven thousand [strong?] all being raw undrilled troops the 95 Ohio was Badly cut up taken prisners[sic]prisoners and then Paroled and sent Home The Rebels under Gen Smith are advancing on to Cincinnatii the city is put under martial Law also the Neighboring twowns[sic]towns all the state is making a big effort to save the city. the Rebels have for the first time got into Ohio a[sic]at Galipoliease[sic]Gallipolis

Every thing seams[sic]seems against us But I still Hope for Better times yet Drafting is put off untill the 16 inst

the girls went up this week and got green pass. aunt Eliza and Thornton stopped all night on Friday on their way from Columbus.

Sunday Sept 7th 1862

staid arround[sic]around Home all day rather Lonesome Wrote a Letter to samual Smith. Columbus Ohio.

Monday 8

Today Father Newton and me put down the Horse power and partly rigged it to the mill.

Tues 9

morning Homer & me went to Delaware after sheet Iron they manufacture pans up thare[sic]there and as I could not get suitabble[sic]suitable Iron in Columbus I concluded to try up thare[sic]there I got quite good Iron 30 inches wide by 8 & 9 ft loung[sic]long for 8 cts perr[sic]per lbs witch[sic]which useto[sic]used to onley[sic]only cost 6 But the stopping of mills & the tax Law makes all Iron Higher stoped[sic]stopped at Rodney Smiths and seen a coupel[sic]couple of old school mates of Delaware Had a good time withe[sic]with them we staid all night at Mr Keelers near Center Who is also a sorghem[sic]sorghum manufacture

Wedns 10 Sept 1862

morning came on Home got the Log Wagon and in the afternoon Hawled two logs and got them sawed and Hawled the lumber Home. Father is at work for me and was yesterday. very Hot and so Dry It seams[sic]seems as if evry[sic]every thing would Dry up.

Thursday 11

Morning Early went to albany and got George Goodrich to do me some turning Father & me worked at the works all day George Helped afternoon Uncle Lewis was Hear[sic]Here to dinner. Eavning[sic]Evening had a nice shower of rain.

Frid 12.

Morning Dad & me and Eliza went to Columbus I went after various things for my Cane works see cash List went past Grovenberies and got a Horse of Him to work my mill got Home Late at night. I Borrowed $10.00 of Gilbert Collins. thare[sic]there is a great stir of people going to Cincinnati to Defend the place people take thir[sic]their own Guns & Rig and as they please thousands are going. the govener[sic]governor is already refusing them

Sept 18th[sic]13th 1862

finished my steem[sic]steam sheet and Father and me got the Horse power and mill in as we Hope running order it seams[sic]seems at least to move quite well But not quite as well as I would like But still I Hope It will do well as It will be two[sic]too Late to Refix anything well.

Eavning[sic]Evening went down In Jeferson[sic]Jefferson to Carpenters to get his work done and a sheet Iron spout or top made for my Chimney. the litle[sic]little rain is prety[sic]pretty well Dried up up already. the Boyes[sic]Boys have Been cutting corn this week as It is all Dried up especialy[sic]especially on High ground. pastures are Dead. Dried up. no seeding done yet.

Sunday Sept 14th 1862

staid arround[sic]around Home all day.

for the week Ending Sept 20th 1862

this week put My Cane House matters through as far as I could from day light to dark Hawled 1850 brick montgomery laid my furnaces Carpenter made me a sheet Iron top of 8 ft to put on my Chimney a tin pump & some other things and riveted my sheet Iron together Father Helped me all the week George good three days when He got sick Him & Father made boat pans nearly [car?] to Hawl cane on and laid the track made feed table riged[sic]rigged a pumice carrier to the mill and various things It Has been a week Hard work for us all Boyes[sic]Boys got the corn all cut up and went up to aunt Elizas Friday. verry[sic]very warm and no rain. we now have plenty of Peaches and drying them

Mclelan[sic]McClellan Has succeed in driving out the Rebels out of meriland[sic]Maryland2 after some of the severest fiting[sic]fighting of the war Cincinnati Has been saved from the Rebels and things look better.

still no rain warm and pleasant very

Sunday sept 21st 1862

Staid arround[sic]around Home all day untill eavning[sic]evening when a parcel of us took a Ride Horse Back

for the week ending saturday sept 27th 1862

this week Father George and me worked all the week from day light untill dark at the Cane House and got It nearly ready to Run finished the pans painted them put them on finished the furnaces made cooler and tank and painted them also the whealbarows[sic]wheelbarrows I got two new ones made made lids to the coolers made a crane to lift off my finishing pan withe[sic]with put down pipping[sic]piping put up pumps put down wash water Boyes[sic]Boys put up a ten foot steem[sic]steam spout on the House and various things Newton Helped me one day and one day went to Grovenberies after a load of corn for me we now Have things riged[sic]rigged in good still I only they will work well and not break especialy[sic]especially the mill I tried that It seams[sic]seems to work well. I ought to Have been ready this week so as to experimen ted some But if evrything[sic]everything goes right I am in time yet thare[sic]there Has some over thirty loads of cane came in this week we Had quite a feast Wedns and Thursday witch[sic]which made Them bring in cane [Mr Lainy?] will not be ready untill near a week yet I expected from the fact that we have to Hitch the Horse so close to the power in order to go inside of the Building

fixed in an arm so as to put on this Horses Evning[sic]Evening ground out some and [Hunted?] up another Horse.

Wednsday[sic]Wednesday October 1 1862

Early at It again put on three Horses and pushed the grinding But all we could do we cannot make Juice enough the mill grinds very fast But the cane is verry[sic]very Hard and [sone?] Dry not verry[sic]very Juicy and verry[sic]very sweet and takes verry[sic]very litle[sic]little Boiling consequently the main thing is to grind It I now wish I Had a larger mill Hired one [Longmas?] Boyes[sic]Boys of 14 years age

Thursday Oct 2

Today about three oclock Broake[sic]Broke my counter shaft that runs on top of the timbling shaf[t] witch[sic]which is geared to the mill It did not Break But twisted all up like you would twist a switch It was but 1½ inches thick as large as we could Have It on account of the Eyes in the [Wheels.?] Made 63 gallons worked about ¾ day fixed to go to Columbus. I am nearly tired to death Having been going most nights and day.

Friday 3 Oct 1862

4 oclock Father & I started for town for the purpose of getting a new shaft at a new mill we concluded a new shaft would stand a good chance of braking[sic]breaking again and conclude to get a new mill Bought one of John L. Gill and son for 88 dollars a verticle[sic]vertical mill of 14 inch loung[sic]long Rolls Large Roll 12 inches in Diameter It seams[sic]seems like a verry[sic]very stout stanch[sic]starch mill I Had to pay 8 Dollars more than I would Had to pay before the tax law went into Effect It is not fare to make the customer pay all the Tax by no means Eavning[sic]Evening tore up the Horse power and cleaned out the House. unloaded the mill It weighs 1100 lbs

Saturday Oct 4th 1862

Morning as soons[sic]soon as light all Hands to work putting up the mills George Dick Newton Father & myself we put up [boath?] mills in the Same House put sweeps on them Put down more piping so as to Run [Boath?] mills Juice into the cistern the old mill we saved all the tackling of last year so that it took but a short time to put It up got nearly Ready to Run again forenoon Had quite a nice shower of Rain Cane Has come in verry fast this week I now Have on Hand about or over a Hundred Wagon Loads of Cane.

It Has been verry warm all the Week warm as July and so Dry I never Before seen scarsley[sic]scarcely any seeding done yet I feel nearly used up Tired out,

Sunday Oct 5th 1862

Staid arround[sic]around Home all day only to go down to See Sagers about making me Some Barrels. Warm and pleasant

still no Rain. Last week we Had a small little rain enough to lay the Dust. I dont mutch[sic]much look for rain this fall. Scarsley[sic]Scarcely any Wheat is Sowed yet.

For the Week Ending Oct "/62 [ Sunday?] morning

Early finished fixing the mills and went to work. they work well. we drove It through as Hard as we could all the week and made 458 gallons average per day 46 ⅓ last weeke we made 203 ½ average 58 1/7 this week George Goodrich & me done the Boiling. George tending the clensing pans and I the finishing pan. Homer and Thomas Longman feed the mills and Newton tends them. carries Cane and Wheals off premises. Next week I shall put Newton in my place as It is two[sic]too Hard for me to finish and oversee all the Buisness[sic]Business and put another Hand in His place the Cane Has just Rolled in all the week untill all my places to put it are filled up.

Sunday 12 Oct 1862

Staid arround[sic]around Home all day plenty of visitors all day at the Cane House.

For the Week ending Oct 18th 1862

This week we first Drove Buisness[sic]Business right through all the week we made 550 ¼ gallons of molasses and of the Best Kind. averag[sic]average 91 17/24 we made one day 119 ¼ gallsgallons we done some finishing in the eavning[sic]evening and But little this week Has been somewhat cooler so that we can grind juice and leave it in the cistern overnight last week we could not as it would in a short time sour three Hands in Boiling and three grinding my well Has given out and we Have to get all our water out of the Spring down the Hill. I now wish that I Had went Deeper with my well.

still Dry and some frost the Cane Has still continued to come right [along?] although I have tried to Discourage It. I now Have near a months work and Hand the Yard is nearly filled. I Have been Having the Diptheria all the week and quite Bad so as to be very unable at times to Keep up still I made out to Keep Buisness[sic]Business agoing. Had Dr Rainy to Docter me. Father mashed His Had[sic]Hand verry[sic]very bad last week in putting down a cider Barrell in the Cellar. got some of my cane cut up in shock this week. george Wilson and george Daily Helped george Wilson tending the mill Boyes Daily in the cane patch. first frost of any account was friday morning.

Sunday 19.

Staid all arrnd[sic]around Cane House all Eavning[sic]Evening quite cold Expect a freeze.

For the week Ending Oct 25 1862

This week Drove the Business as fast as we could made 579 gallons. we Had some considerable bad Luck most every day. Burt[sic]Burst one of the pipes out that went under one of the furnaces my Tin pump gave out and I sent to Columbus and got me a new one and Thurs day we Broake[sic]Broke the old mill one of the sides and as it cannot well be fixed it is in a bad fix when the mill was made at Lancester the company Have moved away and I will Have to get it fixed some time by the old piece or get a pattern made. put a sweep to the new mill so as to put on two Horses3 But they would not work well so we run one Horse awhile and then changed and run the mill all night never stoped[sic]stopped it for anything and by so doing made up for two mills but still not quite so well as two mills more unhandy after all mishaps we made out to get out our average dayes work but Had to work Hard for it got my cane cut up on Monday sunday night It froze quite Hard and I fear my cane may spoil before I get to work it Yet I will risk It cane still comes I am not though taking any new jobs. george Wilson Has been Helping me this week to grind Him and Tomy Homer do the grinding george Goodrich & Newton & me the Boiling my time However is Dividid[sic]Divided arround[sic]around at all works

this week Mr Long called arround[sic]around with Mr Day patentee as now and of the right of [Cooks?] pans and wanted me to pay Him $37 Dollars the price of one His pans of the same size as mine. i told him I would give $10.00 and no more. He would not take It and went off. saying Hee would sue me shure[sic]sure.

Warm and Dry up to Sat morning When it Drizzled rain most all day and turned to snow at night and snowed like fury all night.

Sunday Oct 26th 1862

morning real winter snow from five to eight inches Deep and cold cleaned up the House carried in cane worked most all Day night got a coupel[sic]couple of Hands and ground all night I Have to Have night Hands to grind as the day Hands could not Stand it.

For the Week ending November 1st 1862 Saturday

This Week Had good luck made 636 ½ gallons of Exty[sic]Extra good molasses. Mon I went to Hunt a mill but could not find any Tuesday I got Father to go down to shafers as He has throwen[sic]thrown out His mill like mine and Borrowed the piece to match my Broken one and wednesday we put it up and went it along the old way Better Believe I was glad. Thornton Wells helped me this week. He cut and Hawled wood as I will not Have enough. george Wilson & the little boyes done the grinding

Sunday 2nd November 1862

Staid arround[sic]around cane House an[sic]and cleaned up and put things to Rights John & me

afternoon Had quite a Rain a nice shower but still Dry midnight commenced grinding.

For the week Ending November 8th 1862

made this week 785 gallans molosses. we Boil untill Bed time each night and some of the time untill 10 oclock. Hire extry[sic]extra Hands to grind Half of the night comence[sic]commence Boiling by day light. Thornton Wells Helped me this week. some lots of cane that was froze before cutting soured this week Had some very cold Blustry[sic]blustery wether[sic]weather.

. Made one day from morning untill 15 minutes to ten oclock 152 gallons and we was on no Race worked as usual.

For the Week Ending Nov 15th 1862

This week made some over 700 gallons Had to get up some more wood I got up a lot last week But Is not going to be enough. Thornton Had to quit George Wilson Helped me this week.

Had considerable trouble in getting Barrells cant get them made.

Sunday Nov 16 1862

Today did not clean up as useal[sic]usual

Laid arround[sic]around Butifull Day clear warm and pleasant this week our spring prety much give out as we Have to water all our Horses out of It Besides what we use, most all the wells in the county are out or low. Old aunt Peggy Smith Wednesday night. Died

For the Week Ending Novem 22 1862 Saturday

Got done Boiling

Thursday night at 12 oclock worked up 16 shocks of my cane that I got cut Before the frost made some 80 gallons of It the rest is spoiled Enough to make some two Hundred Gallons to me quite a loss as I worked so Hard for It Frid and sat we cleaned up. clensed up some skinnings but they did not make verry good molasses. In all we have Made 4402 ¾ Gallons. Monday Morning It comenced to Rain and rained untill Thursday Morning almost Day and night part of the time only mist and part of the time real hard rain It started the crick a Litle. the rain Came Bad on us as we were out of Dry wood and Had to cut and Burn Green wood. But we all done and I am Glad only one thing vexes me. Garrets old mare the last day we worked run loose in the yard and Went in my [stowing?] House and

Went to pass from one stall to the other the dividing stick or scantling Being about four feet High or Higher perhaps a litle[sic]little she got part way and tried to Raise up and I suppose Has sprained Her Back as she cannot get up by all the Help we can raise Hind parts Halpless[sic], John saw her go under and took Her out By loos[e] ning the stick. sat night sone[sic]some 15 or 20 of us met at the Cane House and chose up for a Squirel[sic]squirrel Hunt myself and Reese Eavens Chose up the side failing to produce as many scalps as the othe[r] are to treat to cigars aples[sic] apple & cider Next Wednsday[sic] Wednesday is the day set.

Sunday 23 Nov 1862

Morning went up and seen Savage a Horse Doctor about the old mare He said I might Just well Kill Her first as last so I came Home and shot Her. Hiram Smith came Home last night pleasant Day

Monday 24 November 1862

Morning Hawled[sic] hauled the old mare away and cut Her open on the Back and found Her Back Broken the small Ridge Bone Just under the skin, It was Brok[sic] broken about two inches from the End at the Hips toward the Head. I am very sorry for the old mare as I have taken extry[sic]extra care of Her Because Garret thought a great deal of Her. she was in first rate order in fact fat. But so it is. fixed arround[sic]around at my cane House went and spoke for me a Gun

very nice Weather.

Aunt Eliza and Thorton came down with a Misses Montgomery a sister of uncle Dave Beaches Wife. and a young man on their way to Robertses. Hawled down our Bead[sic]bed from the cane House

Tues 25 Nov 1862

To day got my gun a double Barreled shot gun and fixed for the Hunt nice prety[sic]pretty day only cool

Wednsday 26th November 1862

Snowed most all day and cold the Meanest Kind of a Day. Our Hunt went off But It was an awfull[sic]awful time for It

My Side However came out Best Having 23 wild Scalps and the other side 18. as game was Scarse[sic]scarce several Tame Turkeys were Killed. one Wild one was Killed by Wm Strait. night we Had our Treat aples[sic]apples Cider and cigars the Beaten Side pa[y] ing for It we won some 14 on a side shot at candles and ect[sic]etc. until Late. for the Rest of the Week to Sat 29th Done but Litle[sic]little setled[sic]settled some accounts went to Jersey after a pair of Boots and Ect[sic]etc. cold & Blustry[sic]blustery all week most. Made my Returns the U.S. asessor[sic]assessor on my molasses Buisness[sic]business sum total of all Manufactured was Wagon Loads 358 ½ No of Gallons 4402 ¾ four thousand four Hundred and two and ¾ gallons molasses

Total valuation $987.00 counting that made at 20 cts value 20 cts and that made on the Half. my Half at 50 cts pur[sic]per gallon about Half I made was on the Halves I Have sold to the Best of my accounts 281 gallons.

I Have now on Hand some over 7.00 seven Hundred gallons to sell. I find a very Large Loss by shrinkage and other wayes[sic]ways. we Have at several times lost considerable by forgetting Barrells, Lending out and making customers good, It is a new Buissness[sic]business to most people and we Have to cheat ourselves to Keep on the right side of customs. I Have sold perhaps over the abovve[sic]above amount considerable But that is all I could finde when making up my riturns[sic]returns an this year we will be more [caucious?] [sic]cautious and perhaps with the tax Law. and Be better prepaired[sic]prepared to meet It.

Sunday 30 November 1862

Yesterday Misses Montgomery came to stay over Sunday with us on Her Road Home John Coons and Wife are Hear[sic]here. nice prety[sic]pretty day staid Home all Day.

For the Week EndingSat Novem [sic] Decem 6th 1862

Monday morning went to Columbus with Dennis Strait and Back the same Day. Done nothing mutch[sic]much all the week setled[sic]settled up with all that I could Farther[sic] Father & Mother and Newton went to Columbus I sent in the pay for my new mill $8800 I Have Squared up with most all my Debts and Have some $80.00 left yet.

got me some new things monday also. got my Horse shod got me a pair of coarse Boots of Monroe cleaned up A Lot of Cane seed I Have a nice Lot of It and good. Boyes[sic]Boys Husked some corn most to[sic]too cold and dry. nice Weathe[r] all week first part clear and quite warm Last part cold and Blustry[sic]blustery snow. Saturday real cold murcury[sic]mercury nearly to zero.

Sunday Decem 7th 1862

staid Home all day real Winter

For the Week Ending SaturdayDecem 13th 1862.

Monday George Goodrich and me went and to uncle Lewises and staid all night walked over nice walking. Tuesday morning went over to Worthington and then by the cars4 to Delaware George to a Mr Watterman abo ut working for Him at the f[l] our mill Buisness[sic]Business I went to get a Job of collecting of Him to Do But He Had got a Hand. Evening went to see some old Friends of when I use[d] to go to school there

Wedns forenoon went to see a large cane mill at the foundry Made some two years ago for the South But witch[sic]which never got Down. It was a very large mill wighing[sic]weighing some 88 Hundred lbs the Large roll being 3 ft in Lenth and 2 ft in Diameter with five Small rolls under. But there was several Deficiencies about It witch[sic]which would Have to [be] altered before I would want It came down in the afternoon to Columbus. cars full of Soldiers Yesterday we Road up with Parson Brauenlow of Tenn. Heard Him talk & ect.

Thurs went and seen Gills the ones I Bought my mill of they are getting a new large mill they wanted Bad to [sell?] me one Had an offer of 48 cts [per?] gallon for my molasses all of it. But I must Have 50 cts seen a pair of Twin Children from a Black Woman and a White man one white White and the other Black. Got Home just after night

Friday staid [arround[sic]around?] the House all Day nearly sick. Father & Mother went up to Robertses Boyes Husked corn. Eaving went to see Mr Wilson about getting Him to go with me tomor ow to [ . . . ] that Dead Horse of Grovenberies as He was Hear[sic]here on Monday Before I went away and we could not agree and we agreed to each pick a man and Let them settle It for us. Saturday Morning Mr. Wilson & I went down to Squire Martins in Jeferson TP. to meet Garret. He was there but failed to Bring His man as He said He was sick. But I guess He did not want to settle it as some one Has put a new Idea into His Head that He could come under the Head of a Borrowed Horse and get all Damages. while under a Hired Horse He must loose all. He now sayes He Lent me the mare But He Lies shure. He came Down from 75$ to 50$ I offered His $30 [.00?] But He refused It so we came Home.

It Has Been Excellent Mill wether[sic]weather all The Week untill to Day It rained most all Day. loads Dry and Dusty nice as Summer first of the week real cold and warm Gradualy[sic]gradually untill it rained. Sat

For the Week Ending Sat 20th 1862

Mon & Tues rain & Snow uncle Lewis Beach Staid all night us Boyes caught a coon with our Dog. Made our Hunting arrangements Reese Eavens & I we are the captains we Have 39 on each Side Wednesday went up to aunt Elizas staid two nights came Home Friday and went to Columbus seen Gill He found out by writing to the Clerk of the U.S. court at Cleavland that I am Sued by those Patent right men. Sat went to [Grovenberris?] He was not at Home Left word for Him to come & see me. most all the Week real Cold Weather. George Goodrich moved to Delaware.

Sunday Decem 21st 1862

Went to Mr. Wilsons part of the Day and to Meeting to Albany at night pleasent Day warmer

For the Week Ending Sat Decem 27th 1862

Monday Garret Grovenbery came up and I traded my two year old colt off to Him for His old Dead Horse for three Dollars toboot. I got the three Dollars whereas I ought to Have Had 25$ at least But I Dont want a Difaculty[sic]difficulty with Him if I Beat Him at Law I would cost me nearly as mutch[sic]much as to setle[sic]settle It. to Day snow is going off warmer

Tues Homer & I Hunted all Day got ten Squirrels they are more plenty than I Have Known them for years there is plenty of Beach[sic]Beech mast

Wednesday all us Boys Went out I Have Mr Longmans shot gun I like it very mutch I can take them running so nice seen several of my men about going Hunting tomorow[sic] We want to Beat if Posible[sic]possible. went to albany after the paper We are now taking the Daily again our Fredricksburg[sic]Fredericksburg Defeat Does not turn out so Disasterous[sic]disastrous for us as was at first thought. There Has been trouble in the cabinet Tendering of Resignations and Ecet[sic]etc.

Thursday Christmas morning as soon as light all Hands out Hunting the woods is full of Hunters we got 8 or 10 Squirrel apiece and one Turkey John Shot that. Eavning I went to Albany and tended to the game as It came In Kept an account of each mans Game Brought in my Side footed up to 312 Scalps we had three wild turkeys Bodies and two scalps Brought in on our Side while the Reeses party only got one turkey counted 10 scalps squirrel one Quail one [Rabaet?] [sic]Rabbit 2 and ect according to value of the thing, we Beat them over one Hundred Scalps. They treated all Hands to the oysters witch[sic]which was the agreement Eavning[sic]Evening Set in and rained Been warm for several Dayes. Monroes Boyes staid all night with us they were on my Side I am glad the Hunt is over as I Have spent considerable time so as not to get Beat seeing my men and making arrangements for It what we Hunted before Hand we did not save only a [fiew?] [sic]few the Day before. a worse fared fellow than Reese Eavens I never seen.

Frid rained most all Day took my gun Home

Sat went Hunting with Charley & Hiram Smith night all Hands went Coon Hunting got one and now I think I Have Hunted enough for me and I must quit. Boyes sawed wood some withe a sawing machean[sic]machine they Have riged[sic]rigged to the Horse power I Had to my cane mill

Sunday 28 December 1862

Staid Home all day wrote a Letter George Goodrich Delaware Ohio Went to meeting to Albany at night.

Monday 29

prepared some things towards digging my well Deeper went to mill Boyes & Dad are sawing Wood with the sawing machean[sic]machine

Tueasday[sic]Tuesday 30 Decem 1862

Rained and snowed all Day and snowed all night a perfect storm from the North Eavning[sic]evening went up to Mr. Wilsons and Hite smiths

Wednsday[sic]Wednesday 31st 1862 morning

snow some 8 to 10 inches Deep But not cold Helped Boyes saw wood part of the Day Eavning turned quite cold Went to albany and Bought a Sack of flour as we are out and did not Raise Wheat enough for our own use poor arraingment[sic]arrangement. Dance to Wilkinses to night.

Explanatory Annotations

1. In the mid to late nineteenth century, fits could refer to any number of mental, physical, or moral problems. Essays on morality frequently referred to “fits of passion,” where the fits represented inappropriate, even sinful, behavior. It is more likely, however, that Lucius was alluding to a physical or mental condition of “falling fits” or “nervous diseases” such as epilepsy. A medical understanding of epilepsy existed by this time, though its causes and treatment remained open to much speculation. ("The Boy who had 'Fits'""Westminster Hospital") [Back]

2. Smith is here referring to the Maryland Campaign, wherein contemporary sources describe Confederates crossing the Potomac River, invading Maryland, and taking over the city of Frederick on September 7, 1862 ("Invasion"). This led to the Battle of Antietam on September 17th, considered today to be one of the major turning points in the Civil War, wherein Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan led the Army of the Potomac to a decisive victory, forcing Gen. Robert E. Lee to order a withdrawl across the Potomac on September 18th. A September 20, 1862, dispatch from the Headquarters of the Army of the Potomac states, "The name given to this battle is the Antietam. After our forces occupied the whole field, the rebel loss was found to be far greater, particularly in killed, than was at first supposed. Fully two thousand five hundred were found lying on the field, while a larger number had been buried the day before by their friends. Their loss in killed and wounded men will not come far from eighteen thousand to twenty thousand" (qtd. in "Retreat"). [Back]

3. Lucius Smith's use of the word "Horse," in the context of his mill, usually refers to "horsepower." Horsepower, as it is understood today, is a unit for measuring power. The engines that drove sugar mills in the 1860s could have various range of horsepower: "an engine of 20 horse-power will drive a sugar mill having rollers 5 feet long and 28 inches diameter...An engine of 18 horse-power will work a mill 4 ½ feet long and 26 inches diameter..." (Brande and Cox 643). Smith's truncation of horsepower to "horse," which was a familiar usage in the nineteenth century (see Bourne 501), draws attention to the analogy of the output of steam engines with the power of horses that informed the unit of measurement. [Back]

4.  In context, this could only refer to a trip by rail; Worthington and Delaware were consecutive stops on the branch of the New York Central Railroad that connected Columbus with Cleveland. What is less clear however, is whether this refers to buying a ticket on the Cleveland, Columbus and Cincinnati Roalroad that provided passenger service between the two cities, or simply getting a ride on a freight train passing through. However, if we accept historical averages of price per mile for the region at this time, the trip would likely cost 45 to 50 cents per man, and this at a time when average daily income was near 80 cents. Given Smith's usual cost-consciousness, it is unlikely he or Goodrich would have paid so much to ride the 15 miles from Worthington to Delaware when they were willing to walk the same distance from New Albany to Worthington earlier in the same day. [Back]

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Created: 2015-12-01