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Lexical Ambiguity in Evolutionary Discourse: Implications for Teaching, Learning, and Assessment

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1811/48601

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dc.contributor.advisor Nehm, Ross
dc.creator Rector, Meghan
dc.date.accessioned 2011-05-02T21:05:05Z
dc.date.available 2011-05-02T21:05:05Z
dc.date.issued 2011-03
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1811/48601
dc.description Education and Human Ecology: 2nd Place (The Ohio State University Edward F. Hayes Graduate Research Forum) en_US
dc.description.abstract This study investigates lexical ambiguity in evolutionary discourse and explores the implications of such language for teaching, learning, and assessment. Specifically, this study investigated what students' mean when they use five terms that commonly occur in evolutionary explanations: pressure, select, adapt, need, and must. The study employed a new technological tool known as the Assessment Cascade System (ACS) to investigate the frequency with which undergraduate biology majors spontaneously incorporate lexically ambiguous language in evolutionary explanations, as well as their definitions and explanations of what they meant when they used such terms. Among the 1282 initial responses, 81% of students spontaneously used a multivalent term at least once in evolutionary explanations. Moreover, the majority of these initial responses were judged to be scientifically inaccurate, and accurate use of some terms was significantly correlated with students' course grade. While the scientific accuracy of the majority of student responses remained the same from initial to follow-up, a sizable minority of student response did not. Responses that were initially ambiguous were more likely to be resolved by use of the ACS follow-up prompts, resulting in an increased understanding of students' evolutionary explanations. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries 2011 Edward F. Hayes Graduate Research Forum. 25th en_US
dc.subject lexical ambiguity en_US
dc.subject evolution en_US
dc.subject science education en_US
dc.title Lexical Ambiguity in Evolutionary Discourse: Implications for Teaching, Learning, and Assessment en_US
dc.type Presentation en_US
dc.description.embargo A three-year embargo was granted for this item. en_US