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THE $S_1 (n,\pi^{*}$) STATE OF 2-CYCLOHEXEN-1-ONE: CAVITY RINGDOWN ABSORPTION SPECTRUM AND DFT CALCULATIONS

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Title: THE $S_1 (n,\pi^{*}$) STATE OF 2-CYCLOHEXEN-1-ONE: CAVITY RINGDOWN ABSORPTION SPECTRUM AND DFT CALCULATIONS
Creators: Gilles, Emily J.; Ausman, L. K.; Brown, E. A.; Drucker, Stephen; Lee, S.; Choo, Jaebum; Rishard, Mohamed; Laane, J.
Issue Date: 2006
Publisher: Ohio State University
Abstract: The cavity ringdown absorption spectra of 2-cyclohexen-1-one (2CHO) and a deuterated derivative were recorded near 380 nm in a room-temperature gas cell. The weak band system ($\epsilon \approx$ 20 $M^{-1}$ ${\rm cm}^{-1}$) in this region is due to the $S_1(n, \pi$*$) \leftarrow S_0$ electronic transition. The origin band was observed at \mbox{26,081(1) ${\rm cm}^{-1}$} for the undeuterated molecule and at \mbox{26,076(1) ${\rm cm}^{-1}$} for 2CHO-2,6,6-$d_3$. For the $d_0$ isotopomer, about 40 vibronic transitions have been assigned in a region from $-300$ to \mbox{$+700$ ${\rm cm}^{-1}$} relative to the origin band. Nearly every corresponding assignment was made for the $d_3$ species. Several fundamental vibrational frequencies in the $S_1$ state, as well as the five lowest ring-puckering (or inversion) energy levels in the $S_1$ state, have been determined for the $d_0/d_3$ isotopomers. The spectroscopic results are summarized below (frequencies in cm$^{-1}$, uncertainties $\pm 0.5$ cm$^{-1}$), along with results of a DFT calculation of the $d_0$ isotopomer: \begin{center}Vibrational frequencies of 2CHO in its $S_1$ state \end{center} \vspace{-3mm} \begin{displaymath} \begin{array}{cccccccc}\hline {\rm mode} & {\rm description} & d_0 & d_0 \hspace{0.02in}(\rm DFT \hspace{0.05in} calc) & d_3 & v'_{39} & d_0 & d_3 \\ \hline \rule[0mm]{0mm}{3mm} \nu'_{39} & {\rm inversion} & 122.1 & 120.8 & 114.4 & 1 & 122.1 & 114.4 \\ \nu'_{38} & {\rm ring \hspace{0.05in} bending} & 251.9 & 249.9 & 236.9 & 2 & 243.8 & 228.6\\ \nu'_{37} & {\rm C\hspace{-0.03in}=\hspace{-0.03in}C \hspace{0.05in} twisting} & 303.3 & 298.4 & 294.6 & 3 & 364.5 & 341.8\\ \nu'_{36} & {\rm carbonyl \hspace{0.05in} deformation} & 343.9 & 341.9 & 332.0 & 4 & 485.3 & 455.3\\ & & & & & 5 & 603.6 & 565.7\\ \hline \end{array} \end{displaymath} The inversion-level spacings in the $S_1$ state indicate a barrier to planarity that is significantly higher than the 2000-cm$^{-1}$ barrier height of the ground electronic state. Work is in progress to fit an $S_1$ inversion potential to the spectroscopic data.
Description: Author Institution: Department of Chemistry, University of Wisconsin-\mbox{Eau Claire},; Eau Claire, WI 54702; Department of Chemistry, Hanyang University, Ansan 425-791,; Korea; Department of Chemistry, Texas A \& M University, College Station, TX 77843
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1811/30874
Other Identifiers: 2006-MF-13
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