# ATOMICIONS IN DIATOMIC MOLECULES: FROM CaO to ZnO: INSIGHT OR DISASTER?

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 Title: ATOMICIONS IN DIATOMIC MOLECULES: FROM CaO to ZnO: INSIGHT OR DISASTER? Creators: Field, R. W.; Clevenger, Jason O.; Jarrold, Caroline Chick; Moravec, Vicki D.; Klopcic, Stephan A.; Chatterjee, Bappaditya; Harrison, James F. Issue Date: 1999 Publisher: Ohio State University Abstract: The electronic structure of CaO may be understood in terms of one valence electron on $Ca^{-}$ in the field of a -1 point charge and one p-hole on $O^{-}$, the $\pi$-hole and $\sigma$-hole orientations of which are split by a combination of Pauli repulsion and quadrupole interactions with the $Ca^{+}$ atomic ion. CaF is an excellent model for the effect of $a -1$ point charge on $Ca^{+}$. NaO is an excellent model for the effect of $a + 1$ point charge on $O^{-}$, This (CaF, NaO) model for CaO accounts for all features of the $non^{-1}\Sigma^{+}$ states of CaO, including the ordering of electronic states, spin-orbit and lambda-doubling constants, and perturbation matrix elements. $Zn^{+}$ differs from $Ca^{+}$ primarily by a filled and core-like 3d subshell. However, the significantly larger effective nuclear charge seen by the valence orbitals (4s and 4p) of $Zn^{+}$ causes these orbitals to be much more compact than those on $Ca^{+}$. The splitting between the lowest lying ZnO $\pi-hole (^{3}II)$ and $\pi$-hole $(^{3}\Sigma^{+})$ states is observed in anion photoelectron spectra and ab initio calculations to be respectively 1.562(12) and 1.3(1) cV, about ten times larger than between the corresponding CaO states. If this larger splitting in ZnO cannot be explained by a simple Rittner-like model, serious doubts would be raised about the validity of the atomic-ions-in-diatomic molecule model, despite its remarkable success for CaO. URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1811/19259 Other Identifiers: 1999-MG-08